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ERIC Number: EJ1224075
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Sep
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0033-3085
Associations between Peer Victimization and School Climate: The Impact of Form and the Moderating Role of Gender
Williford, Anne; Fite, Paula J.; Isen, Debbie; Poquiz, Jonathan
Psychology in the Schools, v56 n8 p1301-1317 Sep 2019
The purpose of the present study is to examine whether physical and relational victimization negatively impacts indicators of school climate--students' perceptions of school safety, their attachment to school, and their help-seeking behavior--and whether gender moderates these associations. Using a sample of 361 third through fifth-grade students recruited from six public elementary schools, results reveal that relational and physical victimization were both uniquely associated with lower levels of school safety and school attachment, with stronger associations between school attachment and relational victimization. However, only physical victimization was negatively associated with help-seeking, suggesting that physical victimization is more influential on help seeking as compared with relational victimization. Gender moderated the relationships between victimization and school attachment and help-seeking with differences by form noted. No gender differences were evident in associations between the forms of peer victimization and school safety. Implications for prevention and intervention in schools are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Grade 3; Primary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A