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ERIC Number: EJ1219138
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Jul
Pages: 4
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
Contextual Variance and Invariance in Self-Perceived Gender Typicality and Pressure to Conform to Gender Role Expectations
Castellanos, Melisa; Saldarriaga, Lina; Lopez, Luz Stella; Bukowski, William M.
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v43 n4 p305-308 Jul 2019
Evidence of cultural comparisons of gender-identity-measurement scales is scarce. The present study aims to assess the scalar invariance of two dimensions of a widely used gender identity scale (Egan and Perry's Multidimensional Gender Identity Inventory) across two cultural contexts. Fourth, sixth, and fifth graders from Barranquilla (Colombia) and Montréal (Canada) (n = 351) completed an abbreviated, self-report revised version of Egan and Perry's scale. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis demonstrated that typicality and pressure to conform to traditional gender roles are distinct factors and tend to be stable over time. Furthermore, a multi-group comparison analysis showed that the measurement model did not vary significantly as a function of cultural context. Our study adds evidence to support the use of a reliable and valid measurement instrument that is invariant across cultural settings, to allow comparisons that do not depend on contextual variations in the assessment of gender identity during childhood.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools; Grade 6
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Colombia; Canada (Montreal)