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van Es, Cindy; Weaver, Michelle M. – Journal of Statistics Education, 2018
The Survey of Attitudes Toward Statistics or SATS was administered for three consecutive years to students in an Introductory Statistics course at Cornell University. Questions requesting demographic information and expected final course grade were added. Responses were analyzed to investigate possible differences between sexes and racial/ethnic…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Student Surveys, Grades (Scholastic), Hispanic American Students
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Gagnon, Douglas J.; Mattingly, Marybeth J. – Journal of Research in Rural Education, 2018
Research is just beginning to describe with precision determinants of racial and ethnic achievement gaps. Work by Reardon, Kalogrides, and Shores found that factors such as parental income, parental education, and segregation are the strongest predictors of achievement gaps. In this study we expand this line of inquiry to examine the role of…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Scores, Achievement Gap
Marini, Jessica P.; Beard, Jonathan; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2018
Admission offices at colleges and universities often use SAT® scores to make decisions about applicants for their incoming class. Many institutions use prediction models to quantify a student's potential for success using various measures, including SAT scores (NACAC, 2016). In March 2016, the College Board introduced a redesigned SAT that better…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Admission, Knowledge Level, College Readiness
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Owens, Ann – Sociology of Education, 2018
Large achievement gaps exist between high- and low-income students and between black and white students. This article explores one explanation for such gaps: income segregation between school districts, which creates inequality in the economic and social resources available in advantaged and disadvantaged students' school contexts. Drawing on…
Descriptors: School Districts, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Race
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Hall, William J.; Chapman, Mimi V. – Educational Policy, 2018
Bullying is a significant problem in U.S. schools. Policies have been developed to reduce bullying, yet policy implementation by educators is an essential yet difficult and complex process. Few studies have investigated factors that act as barriers to or facilitators of bullying policy implementation and teacher protection of students. This study…
Descriptors: School Policy, Bullying, Barriers, Program Implementation
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Hinze-Pifer, Rebecca; Sartain, Lauren – Peabody Journal of Education, 2018
Driven by a combination of concern for historically high suspension rates and substantial disproportionalities in suspension use, a recent wave of education reforms encourages schools to reduce their use of suspensions for student behavior management. Both academic and political discourse has focused on the extensive use of suspension for…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Student Behavior, Suspension, Disproportionate Representation
Moynahan, Kelly C. – ProQuest LLC, 2018
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 1 in 6 children are diagnosed with a developmental disability or with developmental delays, which are associated with impairments in physical, language, cognitive, and/or adaptive behaviors. To fill a gap in the literature, the adaptive profile of young children initially…
Descriptors: Young Children, Developmental Delays, Developmental Disabilities, Racial Differences
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Li, Hongli; Xiong, Yao – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2018
The passage of the NCLB Act enhanced accountability policies in the United States, and standardized testing became prevalent as a policy tool to ensure accountability in K-12 education. Given the high stakes of state administered accountability tests, more school teachers have adopted test-preparation strategies to ensure satisfactory student…
Descriptors: Test Preparation, Standardized Tests, State Standards, Teacher Effectiveness
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Shamir, Haya; Yoder, Erik; Pocklington, David; Feehan, Kathryn – Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 2018
This study investigates the impact of using an adaptive computer-assisted instruction (CAI) program in early childhood education. The Waterford Early Reading Program (ERP) is a CAI program that was assigned to kindergarten and first grade students in a school district in Texas for the 2015-2016 school year. The Texas Primary Reading Inventory…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Early Childhood Education, Reading Programs, Kindergarten
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Justice, Mary F.; King, Keith A.; Vidourek, Rebecca A.; Merianos, Ashley L. – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: Many misconceptions about breast cancer exist. College students have the opportunity to perform breast cancer risk-reducing behaviors. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess breast cancer knowledge among university students and examine the influence of breast cancer knowledge on health behaviors for breast cancer prevention.…
Descriptors: Cancer, Knowledge Level, College Students, Prevention
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Cheema, Jehanzeb R.; Skultety, Lisa S. – Educational Psychology, 2017
Subject-specific self-efficacy is a measure of confidence in one's own ability to complete tasks related to that subject. This confidence does not necessarily reflect actual ability in the subject and can be an over- or underestimate of true ability. We use nationally representative samples of 15-year-old students from the US to measure the degree…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Scientific Literacy, Mathematics Skills, Adolescents
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Wilhelm, Jennifer; Toland, Michael D.; Cole, Merryn – Journal of Education in Science, Environment and Health, 2017
Differences were examined between groups of sixth grade students? spatial-scientific development pre/post implementation of an Earth/Space unit. Treatment teachers employed a spatially-integrated Earth/Space curriculum, while control teachers implemented their Business as Usual (BAU) Earth/Space units. A multi-level modeling approach was used in a…
Descriptors: Grade 6, Middle School Students, Earth Science, Space Sciences
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Cowen, Joshua M. – Educational Researcher, 2017
This article provides provide a new, systematic profile of more than 18,000 homeless students in Michigan, utilizing rich administrative data from all test-taking students in Grades 3-9 during three academic years. These data are part of a larger study of school choice and student mobility in that state. Homelessness is a condition found…
Descriptors: Homeless People, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
Fair, Katherine Eileen – ProQuest LLC, 2017
The purpose of this quantitative quasi-experimental study is to determine the effectiveness of a corequisite delivery model for developmental math students at a 4-year public institution. Nationally, close to fifty percent of incoming college students are placed in non-credit bearing remedial courses (Complete College America, 2012). Students must…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Quasiexperimental Design, Program Effectiveness, Delivery Systems
McGann, Matthew L. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Relatively few students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are enrolled in the most selective American colleges and universities. To improve enrollment, scholars have suggested that college admission offices provide these low SES students an admissions advantage, also known as class-based affirmative action. This study examined to what degree…
Descriptors: College Applicants, Selective Admission, First Generation College Students, Low Income Groups
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