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Foreman-Murray, Lindsay; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Student explanations of their mathematical thinking and conclusions have become a greater part of the assessment landscape in recent years. With a sample of 71 4th-grade students at-risk for mathematics learning disabilities, we investigated the relation between student accuracy in comparing the magnitude of fractions and the quality of students'…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
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Early, Diane M.; Sideris, John; Neitzel, Jennifer; LaForett, Doré R.; Nehler, Chelsea G. – Grantee Submission, 2018
The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Third Edition (ECERS-3) is the latest version of one of the most widely used observational tools for assessing the quality of classrooms serving preschool-aged children. This study was the first assessment of its factor structure and validity, an important step given its widespread use. An ECERS-3…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Early Childhood Education, Educational Quality, Factor Structure
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Huscroft-D'Angelo, Jacqueline; Duppong Hurley, Kristin; Lambert, Matthew; Trout, Alexandra – Grantee Submission, 2018
Parent empowerment involves the ability of caregivers to meet the needs of their family while maintaining feelings of control and is particularly important for families of children at-risk. It is necessary to establish reliable and valid tools to measure parent empowerment. The purpose of this study was to examine the internal factor structure,…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Test Validity, Measures (Individuals), Likert Scales
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Kosh, Audra E.; Greene, Jeffrey A.; Murphy, P. Karen; Burdick, Hal; Firetto, Carla M.; Elmore, Jeff – Grantee Submission, 2018
We explored the feasibility of using automated scoring to assess upper-elementary students' reading ability through analysis of transcripts of students' small-group discussions about texts. Participants included 35 fourth-grade students across two classrooms that engaged in a literacy intervention called Quality Talk. During the course of one…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Small Group Instruction, Group Discussion, Student Evaluation
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Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; Hardcastle, Joseph; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2018
We compared students' performance on a paper-based test (PBT) and three computer-based tests (CBTs). The three computer-based tests used different test navigation and answer selection features, allowing us to examine how these features affect student performance. The study sample consisted of 9,698 fourth through twelfth grade students from across…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, Scores
Puranik, Cynthia S.; Patchan, Melissa M.; Sears, Mary M.; McMaster, Kristen L. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Curriculum-based measures (CBMs) are necessary for educators to quickly assess student skill levels and monitor progress. This study examined the use of the alphabet writing fluency task, a CBM of writing, to assess handwriting fluency--that is, how well children access, retrieve, and write letter forms automatically. In the current study, the…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Alphabets, Writing Skills, Time on Task
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Hardcastle, Joseph; Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Can student performance on computer-based tests (CBT) and paper-and-pencil tests (PPT) be considered equivalent measures of student knowledge? States and school districts are grappling with this question, and although studies addressing this question are growing, additional research is needed. We report on the performance of students who took…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Computer Assisted Testing, Comparative Analysis, Student Evaluation
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McCarthy, Kathryn S.; Johnson, Amy M.; Likens, Aaron D.; Martin, Zachary; McNamara, Danielle S. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Interactive Strategy Training for Active Reading and Thinking (iSTART) is an intelligent tutoring system that supports reading comprehension through self-explanation (SE) training. This study tested how two metacognitive features, presented in a 2 x 2 design, affected students' SE scores during training. The "performance notification"…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Prompting, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Reading Instruction
Clarke, Ben; Doabler, Christian T.; Kosty, Derek; Kurtz Nelson, Evangeline; Smolkowski, Keith; Fien, Hank; Turtura, Jessica – Grantee Submission, 2017
This study used a randomized controlled trial design to investigate the ROOTS curriculum, a 50-lesson kindergarten mathematics intervention. Ten ROOTS-eligible students per classroom (n = 60) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: a ROOTS five-student group, a ROOTS two-student group, and a no-treatment control group. Two primary…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis, Kindergarten, Mathematics Instruction
Ehrlinger, Joyce; Mitchum, Ainsley L.; Dweck, Carol S. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Knowing what we do not yet know is critical for learning. Nonetheless, people typically overestimate their prowess--but is this true of everyone? Three studies examined who shows overconfidence and why. Study 1 demonstrated that participants with an entity (fixed) theory of intelligence, those known to avoid negative information, showed…
Descriptors: Self Esteem, Intelligence, Learning Theories, Attention
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Hauk, Shandy; Matlen, Bryan – Grantee Submission, 2016
A variety of computerized interactive learning platforms exist. Most include instructional supports in the form of problem sets. Feedback to users ranges from a single word like "Correct!" to offers of hints and partially to fully worked examples. Behind-the-scenes design of such systems varies as well --from static dictionaries of…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, College Mathematics, Algebra, Web Based Instruction
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Horowitz, Rob – Grantee Submission, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the Everyday Arts for Special Education (EASE) program on elementary special education students' academic achievement (reading and math) and social-emotional learning. EASE was a 5-year program providing professional development and instruction in the arts in 10 New York City special education…
Descriptors: Special Education, Program Effectiveness, Elementary School Students, Reading Achievement
McConnell, Amber E.; Martin, James E.; Herron, Jason P.; Hennessey, Maeghan N. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Gender differences have been found in post-school outcomes of students with disabilities, yet these differences are rarely examined. To determine whether male and female high school students with disabilities scored differently in non-academic behaviors known to affect post-school education and employment measured by the Transition Assessment and…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, High School Students, Disabilities, Scores
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Feng, Mingyu; Roschelle, Jeremy; Mason, Craig; Bhanot, Ruchi – Grantee Submission, 2016
Recent studies [10, 23] using US nationwide databases showed high school boys spent significantly less time doing homework than girls, based on their responses to questionnaires and surveys. To investigate gender differences in homework in middle school, in this paper, we analyzed computer log data and standardized test scores of more than 1,000…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Homework, Middle School Students, Grade 7
Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Susan, Keesey; Bennett, Jessica G.; Ramnath, Rajiv; Council, Morris R., III. – Grantee Submission, 2016
The ratings and rationales primary-age urban learners gave culturally relevant reading passages was the focus of this descriptive study. First- and second-grade students each read 30 researcher-developed passages reflecting the students' immediate and historical backgrounds. The students rated the passages and gave a reason for their ratings. A…
Descriptors: Cultural Relevance, Literature, Grade 1, Grade 2
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