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Showing 1 to 15 of 54 results Save | Export
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Kim, Sooyeon; Robin, Frederic – ETS Research Report Series, 2017
In this study, we examined the potential impact of item misfit on the reported scores of an admission test from the subpopulation invariance perspective. The target population of the test consisted of 3 major subgroups with different geographic regions. We used the logistic regression function to estimate item parameters of the operational items…
Descriptors: Scores, Test Items, Test Bias, International Assessment
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Bejar, Isaac I.; Deane, Paul D.; Flor, Michael; Chen, Jing – ETS Research Report Series, 2017
The report is the first systematic evaluation of the sentence equivalence item type introduced by the "GRE"® revised General Test. We adopt a validity framework to guide our investigation based on Kane's approach to validation whereby a hierarchy of inferences that should be documented to support score meaning and interpretation is…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Graduate Study, Generalization, Inferences
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Rios, Joseph A.; Sparks, Jesse R.; Zhang, Mo; Liu, Ou Lydia – ETS Research Report Series, 2017
Proficiency with written communication (WC) is critical for success in college and careers. As a result, institutions face a growing challenge to accurately evaluate their students' writing skills to obtain data that can support demands of accreditation, accountability, or curricular improvement. Many current standardized measures, however, lack…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Validity, Writing Tests, College Outcomes Assessment
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Yu, Guoxing; He, Lianzhen; Rea-Dickins, Pauline; Kiely, Richard; Lu, Yanbin; Zhang, Jing; Zhang, Yan; Xu, Shasha; Fang, Lin – ETS Research Report Series, 2017
Language test preparation has often been studied within the consequential validity framework in relation to ethics, equity, fairness, and washback of assessment. The use of independent and integrated speaking tasks in the "TOEFL iBT"® test represents a significant development and innovation in assessing speaking ability in academic…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Oral Language
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Qu, Yanxuan; Huo, Yan; Chan, Eric; Shotts, Matthew – ETS Research Report Series, 2017
For educational tests, it is critical to maintain consistency of score scales and to understand the sources of variation in score means over time. This practice helps to ensure that interpretations about test takers' abilities are comparable from one administration (or one form) to another. This study examines the consistency of reported scores…
Descriptors: Scores, English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning
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Wei, Youhua; Low, Albert – ETS Research Report Series, 2017
In most large-scale programs of tests that aid in making high-stakes decisions, such as the "TOEIC"® family of products and service, it is not unusual for a significant portion of test takers to retake the test at multiple times.The study reported here used multilevel growth modeling to explore the score change patterns of nearly 20,000…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Scores
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Sawaki, Yasuyo – ETS Research Report Series, 2017
The purpose of the present study is to examine whether performance on the "TOEFL iBT"® Reading practice test is affected by 3 different levels of feedback provided to learners upon completion of reading exercises: (a) correctness of learner response (the knowledge of correct results [KCR] feedback), (b) KCR feedback and rationales for…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Feedback (Response)
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Klieger, David M.; Belur, Vinetha; Kotloff, Lauren J. – ETS Research Report Series, 2017
This survey study investigated how graduate school admissions committees perceive and use the "GRE"® General Test and "GRE"® Subject Tests after the launch of the "GRE"® revised General Test in August 2011. These perceptions and uses impact the validity of the tests. Prior research about the perceptions and uses of…
Descriptors: Research Reports, College Entrance Examinations, Evaluation Utilization, Graduate Study
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Liu, Ou Lydia; Klieger, David M.; Bochenek, Jennifer L.; Holtzman, Steven L.; Xu, Jun – ETS Research Report Series, 2016
International institutions have been increasingly using the "GRE"® revised General Test to admit students to graduate programs.However, little is known about how scores from the GRE revised General Test are used in the admission process outside of the United States and their validity in predicting graduate students' performance (e.g.,…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Graduate Study, Test Use, Scores
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Livingston, Samuel A.; Chen, Haiwen H. – ETS Research Report Series, 2015
Quantitative information about test score reliability can be presented in terms of the distribution of equated scores on an alternate form of the test for test takers with a given score on the form taken. In this paper, we describe a procedure for estimating that distribution, for any specified score on the test form taken, by estimating the joint…
Descriptors: Scores, Statistical Distributions, Research Reports, Equated Scores
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Sheehan, Kathleen M. – ETS Research Report Series, 2015
The "TextEvaluator"® text analysis tool is a fully automated text complexity evaluation tool designed to help teachers, curriculum specialists, textbook publishers, and test developers select texts that are consistent with the text complexity guidelines specified in the Common Core State Standards.This paper documents the procedure used…
Descriptors: Scores, Common Core State Standards, Computer Software, Computational Linguistics
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Stricker, Lawrence J.; Rock, Donald A.; Bridgeman, Brent – ETS Research Report Series, 2015
This study explores stereotype threat on low-stakes tests used in a large-scale assessment, math and reading tests in the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS). Issues identified in laboratory research (though not observed in studies of high-stakes tests) were assessed: whether inquiring about their race and gender is related to the…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Reading Tests, Mathematics Tests, Longitudinal Studies
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Chen, Jing; Sheehan, Kathleen M. – ETS Research Report Series, 2015
The "TOEFL"® family of assessments includes the "TOEFL"® Primary"™, "TOEFL Junior"®, and "TOEFL iBT"® tests. The linguistic complexity of stimulus passages in the reading sections of the TOEFL family of assessments is expected to differ across the test levels. This study evaluates the linguistic…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Reading Comprehension
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Phelps, Geoffrey; Weren, Barbara; Croft, Andrew; Gitomer, Drew – ETS Research Report Series, 2014
This report documents the development of assessments of content knowledge for teaching (CKT) as part of the Measures of Effective Teaching (MET) study, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.The MET study was designed to develop a set of measures that together serve as an accurate indicator of teaching effectiveness. The study was…
Descriptors: Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Measures (Individuals)
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Wei, Youhua; Qu, Yanxuan – ETS Research Report Series, 2014
For a testing program with frequent administrations, it is important to understand and monitor the stability and fluctuation of test performance across administrations. Different methods have been proposed for this purpose. This study explored the potential of using multilevel analysis to understand and monitor examinees' test performance across…
Descriptors: Testing, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Scores, Background
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