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Showing 1 to 15 of 30 results Save | Export
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Morrissey, Taryn W.; Vinopal, Katie – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Neighborhoods provide resources that may affect children's achievement or moderate the influences of other developmental contexts, such as early care and education (ECE). Using a sample (N ˜ 12,430) from the 2010-2011 Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort, merged with census tract-level poverty data from the 2008-2012 American…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Murayama, Kou; Arens, A. Katrin; Parker, Philip D.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Our newly proposed integrated academic self-concept model integrates 3 major theories of academic self-concept formation and developmental perspectives into a unified conceptual and methodological framework. Relations among math self-concept (MSC), school grades, test scores, and school-level contextual effects over 6 years, from the end of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
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Rae, James R.; Olson, Kristina R. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The Implicit Association Test (IAT) is increasingly used in developmental research despite minimal evidence of whether children's IAT scores are reliable across time or predictive of behavior. When test-retest reliability and predictive validity have been assessed, the results have been mixed, and because these studies have differed on many…
Descriptors: Pretests Posttests, Test Reliability, Predictive Validity, Association Measures
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Yang, Fan; Frye, Douglas – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Across three studies, we examined 4- to 7-year-olds' predictions of goal-directed behaviors when goals conflict with preferences. In Study 1, when presented with stories in which a character had to act against basic preferences to achieve an interpersonal goal (e.g., playing with a partner), 6- and 7-year-olds were more likely than 4- and…
Descriptors: Preferences, Young Children, Prediction, Goal Orientation
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Broadbent, H. J.; Osborne, T.; Rea, M.; Peng, A.; Mareschal, D.; Kirkham, N. Z. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Multisensory information has been shown to facilitate learning (Bahrick & Lickliter, 2000; Broadbent, White, Mareschal, & Kirkham, 2017; Jordan & Baker, 2011; Shams & Seitz, 2008). However, although research has examined the modulating effect of unisensory and multisensory distractors on multisensory processing, the extent to which…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Sensory Integration
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Pachankis, John E.; Sullivan, Timothy J.; Feinstein, Brian A.; Newcomb, Michael E. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
This study investigated longitudinal trajectories of stigma (i.e., enacted, anticipated, internalized, concealed); stress-sensitive mental health disorder symptoms (i.e., depression, social anxiety); and their associations across 8 annual assessments in a sample of 128 young gay and bisexual U.S. university students. All forms of stigma…
Descriptors: Males, Homosexuality, Socioeconomic Background, Social Bias
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Bell, Megan F.; Bayliss, Donna M.; Glauert, Rebecca; Ohan, Jeneva L. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
There is evidence that children of incarcerated parents are at risk of poor developmental and educational outcomes. However, much of this evidence is limited by biased samples, as studies must rely on opt-in recruitment. Administrative data present an opportunity to overcome this challenge, as they capture information on all incarcerated…
Descriptors: Child Development, Crime, Teacher Attitudes, Models
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Raffington, Laurel; Prindle, John J.; Shing, Yee Lee – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Alleviating disadvantage in low-income environments predicts higher cognitive abilities during early childhood. It is less established whether family income continues to predict cognitive growth in later childhood or whether there may even be bidirectional dynamics. Notably, living in poverty may moderate income-cognition dynamics. In this study,…
Descriptors: Poverty, Cognitive Development, Scores, Prediction
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Goulter, Natalie; Kimonis, Eva R.; Hawes, Samuel W.; Stepp, Stephanie; Hipwell, Alison E. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have proven important for designating children and adolescents showing a pattern of particularly severe, stable, and aggressive antisocial behaviors (Frick, Ray, Thornton, & Kahn, 2014). Individuals with secondary CU traits represent a subpopulation that are distinguished from those with primary CU traits by…
Descriptors: Females, Anxiety, Personality Traits, Mental Health
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Lichtenfeld, Stephanie; Guo, Jiesi; Arens, A. Katrin; Murayama, Kou – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Ever since the classic research of Nicholls (1976) and others, effort has been recognized as a double-edged sword: while it might enhance achievement, it undermines academic self-concept (ASC). However, there has not been a thorough evaluation of the longitudinal reciprocal effects of effort, ASC, and achievement, in the context of modern…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Models, Mathematics Achievement
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Imuta, Kana; Henry, Julie D.; Slaughter, Virginia; Selcuk, Bilge; Ruffman, Ted – Developmental Psychology, 2016
It has been argued that children who possess an advanced theory of mind (ToM) are more likely to act prosocially, yet the empirical findings are mixed. To address this issue definitively, a meta-analytic integration of all prior literature that met appropriate inclusion criteria was conducted. In total, 76 studies including 6,432 children between…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Prosocial Behavior, Children, Meta Analysis
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Almas, Alisa N.; Degnan, Kathryn A.; Nelson, Charles A.; Zeanah, Charles H.; Fox, Nathan A. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Young children removed from institutions and placed into foster care or adoptive homes have been shown to experience significant gains in IQ relative to children who remain in institutions. Less is known about the long-term impact of severe early deprivation on development in late childhood. Data are presented from a follow-up of children at 12…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intelligence Quotient, Preadolescents, Foster Care
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Peterson, Candida; Slaughter, Virginia; Moore, Chris; Wellman, Henry M. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Consequences of theory of mind (ToM) development for daily social lives of children are uncertain. Five to 13-year-olds (N = 195) with typical development, autism, or deafness (both native and late signers) took ToM tests and their teachers reported on their social skills for peer interaction (e.g., leadership, group entry). Groups differed in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Fine, Adam; Mahler, Alissa; Simmons, Cortney; Chen, Chuansheng; Moyzis, Robert; Cauffman, Elizabeth – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Both environmental factors and genetic variation, particularly in genes responsible for the dopaminergic system such as "DRD4," "DRD2," and "DAT1" ("SLC6A3"), affect adolescent delinquency. The school context, despite its developmental importance, has been overlooked in gene-environment research. Using data…
Descriptors: Genetics, Student School Relationship, Delinquency, Adolescents
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Van Petegem, Stijn; Vansteenkiste, Maarten; Soenens, Bart; Beyers, Wim; Aelterman, Nathalie – Developmental Psychology, 2015
In this longitudinal study, we tested whether the association between oppositional defiance to parental authority (i.e., adolescents' tendency to bluntly reject parental rules) and autonomy would depend upon the specific conceptualization of autonomy. Whereas oppositional defiance would yield more interpersonal distance from parents, because…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Developmental Psychology, Correlation, Behavior Disorders
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