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Showing 1 to 15 of 54 results Save | Export
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Klein, P.; Viiri, J.; Mozaffari, S.; Dengel, A.; Kuhn, J. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
Relating mathematical concepts to graphical representations is a challenging task for students. In this paper, we introduce two visual strategies to qualitatively interpret the divergence of graphical vector field representations. One strategy is based on the graphical interpretation of partial derivatives, while the other is based on the flux…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Majors (Students), Physics, College Students
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Murayama, Kou; Arens, A. Katrin; Parker, Philip D.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Our newly proposed integrated academic self-concept model integrates 3 major theories of academic self-concept formation and developmental perspectives into a unified conceptual and methodological framework. Relations among math self-concept (MSC), school grades, test scores, and school-level contextual effects over 6 years, from the end of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
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Penke, Martina; Rothweiler, Monika – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
The study aims at identifying characteristic phenotypes for children with SLI and children with sensorineural hearing impairment (HI) in language and in domains associated with language. We focus on verbal agreement inflection and phonological short-term memory, phenomena that have been repeatedly found to be impaired in both groups of children. A…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Language Impairments, Hearing Impairments, German
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Grünke, Matthias; Knaak, Turid; Hisgen, Susanne – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2018
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a simple multicomponent motivational intervention on the writing performance of a class of low-achieving fourth graders under everyday conditions in schools. An ABAB design was utilized to establish a functional relationship between the independent variable (a treatment involving explicit…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Low Achievement
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Rzepka, Sylvi – Education Economics, 2018
In this paper, I assess labor market returns of a substantial skill upgrade: college enrollment of the vocationally trained, non-traditional students who do not have the formal entry requirement. Using propensity-score-adjusted regressions and the National Educational Panel Study, I find that these enrollees face high opportunity costs as they…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Outcomes of Education, College Students, Nontraditional Students
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Pandya, Samta P. – Religious Education, 2018
Based on a one-year longitudinal experimental study with 3,782 kindergarten school children across 15 countries, this article examines the association between prayer and happiness. Results show that the post-test scores on the faces scale were higher for the participant group who had taken the prayer lessons vis-à-vis the comparison group.…
Descriptors: Scores, Cross Cultural Studies, Christianity, Pretests Posttests
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Jerrim, John P.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Research suggests that a country does not need inequity to have high performance. However, such research has potentially suffered from confounders present in between-country comparative research (e.g., latent cultural differences). Likewise, relatively little consideration has been given to whether the situation may be different for high- or…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Quality, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests
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Tamm, Anni; Kasearu, Kairi; Tulviste, Tiia; Trommsdorff, Gisela – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
The study examined associations among adolescents' perceived mother-child and father-child relationship quality (intimacy, conflict, and admiration), perceived peer acceptance, and their values (individualism and collectivism) in a sample of 795 Estonian, German, and Russian 15-year-olds. Adolescents from the three cultural contexts differed in…
Descriptors: Cultural Context, Adolescents, Parent Child Relationship, Peer Relationship
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Parker, Philip D.; Murayama, Kou; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa; Lichtenfeld, Stephanie – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Consistently with a priori predictions, school retention (repeating a year in school) had largely positive effects for a diverse range of 10 outcomes (e.g., math self-concept, self-efficacy, anxiety, relations with teachers, parents and peers, school grades, and standardized achievement test scores). The design, based on a large, representative…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Self Concept, Self Efficacy, Anxiety
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Neumann, Sandra; Salm, Sandra; Rietz, Christian; Stenneken, Prisca – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: Our purpose was to explore the validity and reliability of the German Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (FOCUS-G; Thomas-Stonell, Oddson, Robertson, & Rosenbaum, 2010, 2012), which is an authorized adaptation of the Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (Thomas-Stonell et al., 2010) tool, which measures…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Communication (Thought Transfer), Reliability, Validity
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Förster, Manuel; Happ, Roland; Molerov, Dimitar – Journal of Economic Education, 2017
In this article, the authors present the adaptation and validation processes conducted to render the American "Test of Financial Literacy" (TFL) suitable for use in Germany (TFL-G). First, they outline the translation procedure followed and the various cultural adjustments made in line with international standards. Next, they present…
Descriptors: Money Management, Tests, Scores, Test Content
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Seifried, Eva; Lenhard, Wolfgang; Spinath, Birgit – Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2017
Writing essays and receiving feedback can be useful for fostering students' learning and motivation. When faced with large class sizes, it is desirable to identify students who might particularly benefit from feedback. In this article, we tested the potential of Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) for identifying poor essays. A total of 14 teaching…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Computer Software, Essays, Writing Evaluation
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Sappok, Tanja; Brooks, Whitney; Heinrich, Manuel; McCarthy, Jane; Underwood, Lisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is important throughout the lifespan. The objective was to investigate the transcultural diagnostic validity of the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) in a clinical sample of 451 adults with Intellectual Developmental Disorder (IDD) with and without ASD in Germany, the U.S.A. and Great Britain.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Validity, Intellectual Disability
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Arens, A. Katrin; Marsh, Herbert W.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Lichtenfeld, Stephanie; Murayama, Kou; vom Hofe, Rudolf – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
This study examines reciprocal effects between self-concept and achievement by considering a long time span covering grades 5 through 9. Extending previous research on the reciprocal effects model (REM), this study tests (1) the assumption of developmental equilibrium as time-invariant cross-lagged paths from self-concept to achievement and from…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Self Concept, Mathematics Tests, Standardized Tests
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List, Marit K.; Robitzsch, Alexander; Lüdtke, Oliver; Köller, Olaf; Nagy, Gabriel – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: In low-stakes educational assessments, test takers might show a performance decline (PD) on end-of-test items. PD is a concern in educational assessments, especially when groups of students are to be compared on the proficiency variable because item responses gathered in the groups could be differently affected by PD. In order to…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Student Evaluation, Item Response Theory, Mathematics Tests
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