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Stricker, Lawrence J.; Rock, Donald A.; Bridgeman, Brent – ETS Research Report Series, 2015
This study explores stereotype threat on low-stakes tests used in a large-scale assessment, math and reading tests in the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS). Issues identified in laboratory research (though not observed in studies of high-stakes tests) were assessed: whether inquiring about their race and gender is related to the…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Reading Tests, Mathematics Tests, Longitudinal Studies
Walker, Michael E.; Bridgeman, Brent – College Board, 2008
A recent study by Beilock, Reidell, and McConnell (2007) suggested that stereotype threat experienced in one domain (e.g., math) triggered by knowledge of a negative stereotype about a social group in that particular domain can spill over into subsequent tasks in totally unrelated domains (e.g., reading). The authors suggested that these findings…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Social Psychology, Negative Attitudes, Standardized Tests
Bridgeman, Brent; Cline, Frederick – College Board, 2007
This study took an experimental approach to evaluating test speededness. In order to assess the benefits of extra time (or the penalty of strict time limits) on new SAT scores, sections that were designed to be administered with a 25-minute time limit were administered with a 40-minute time limit (or slightly more than time and a half) as part of…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Timed Tests, Standardized Tests, Time
Bridgeman, Brent; Trapani, Catherine; Curley, Edward – College Entrance Examination Board, 2003
The impact of allowing more time for each question on SAT® I: Reasoning Test scores was estimated by embedding sections with a reduced number of questions into the standard 30-minute equating section of two national test administrations. Thus, for example, questions were deleted from a verbal section that contained 35 questions to produce forms…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Items, Timed Tests, Verbal Tests
Bridgeman, Brent; And Others – 1996
The various methods for computing the reliability of scores on Advanced Placement (AP) examinations are summarized. For the free response portion of the examinations, raters can contribute to score unreliability through both systematic severity errors (in which some raters consistently rate more severely than other raters) and through…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, College Entrance Examinations, Error of Measurement, High School Students