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Owens, Ann – Sociology of Education, 2018
Large achievement gaps exist between high- and low-income students and between black and white students. This article explores one explanation for such gaps: income segregation between school districts, which creates inequality in the economic and social resources available in advantaged and disadvantaged students' school contexts. Drawing on…
Descriptors: School Districts, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Race
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Mantzicopoulos, Panayota; Patrick, Helen; Strati, Anna; Watson, Jesse S. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
We investigated the premise that observation measures of instruction are indicators of effective teaching, using the definition of effectiveness articulated by departments of education: teaching that boosts student achievement. We argued that student motivation is equally as important as achievement in the evaluation of teaching effectiveness…
Descriptors: Observation, Teacher Effectiveness, Kindergarten, Preschool Teachers
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Coker, David L.; Ritchey, Kristen D.; Uribe-Zarain, Ximena; Jennings, Austin S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
To help all students meet the writing expectations of the Common Core State Standards, researchers need a deeper understanding of the characteristics of struggling writers. The purpose of this study was to explore the writing profiles of students including those who have or are at risk for writing disabilities. First-grade students (N = 391) were…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Writing Skills, Writing Evaluation
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Cheng, Weiyi; Lei, Pui-Wa; DiPerna, James C. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2017
The purpose of the current study was to examine dimensionality and concurrent validity evidence of the EARLI numeracy measures (DiPerna, Morgan, & Lei, 2007), which were developed to assess key skills such as number identification, counting, and basic arithmetic. Two methods (NOHARM with approximate chi-square test and DIMTEST with DETECT…
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Numeracy, Mathematics Tests, Statistical Analysis
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Foster, E. Michael; Jenkins, Jade V. Marcus – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This article reconsiders the association between childhood arts participation and cognitive and developmental outcomes. Using data from a large, nationally representative sample with extensive covariates, we employ propensity score weighting to adjust comparisons of children who do and do not participate in arts education (music and performing…
Descriptors: Student Participation, Music Activities, Theater Arts, Art Education
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Van Der Steen, Steffie; Samuelson, Dianne; Thomson, Jennifer M. – Written Communication, 2017
This study addresses the current debate about the beneficial effects of text processing software on students with different working memory (WM) during the process of academic writing, especially with regard to the ability to display higher-level conceptual thinking. A total of 54 graduate students (15 male, 39 female) wrote one essay by hand and…
Descriptors: Word Processing, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Writing (Composition), Educational Benefits
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Taub, Gordon E.; Sivo, Stephen A.; Puyana, Olivia E. – School Psychology Forum, 2017
This study investigates second language acquisition of learners enrolled in a dual language/two-way bilingual immersion program. Two groups of third-grade students participated in this study. The first group was composed of Spanish-dominant participants learning English, and the second group was composed of English-dominant students learning…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Second Language Learning, Bilingual Education Programs
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Hill, Margaret S.; Wagovich, Stacy A.; Manfra, Louis – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2017
Most vocabulary growth during the school-age years occurs incidentally. However, little is understood about the influence of language skills on word knowledge growth during reading. Using a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design, we examined incidental word learning through reading, considering the presence/absence of supportive context and…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Aptitude, Learning Processes, Oral Language
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Curcic, Svjetlana; Johnstone, Robin S. – Computers in the Schools, 2016
This study examined the effects of an intervention in writing with digital interactive books. To improve the writing skills of seventh- and eighth-grade students with a learning disability in reading, we conducted a quasi-experimental study in which the students read interactive digital books (i-books), took notes, wrote summaries, and acted as…
Descriptors: Intervention, Writing Skills, Learning Disabilities, Cartoons
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Lewandowski, Lawrence J.; Berger, Cassie; Lovett, Benjamin J.; Gordon, Michael – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2016
This study assessed the test-taking skills of 776 high school students, 35 of whom were diagnosed with learning disabilities (LD). Students completed a computerized battery of timed reading tests as well as scales that assess test anxiety and test-taking perceptions. Students with LD obtained lower scores than the nondisabled group on all of the…
Descriptors: High School Students, Learning Disabilities, Reading Tests, Test Wiseness
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Vaughn, Sharon; Solís, Michael; Miciak, Jeremy; Taylor, W. Pat; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
This study examined the effectiveness of a researcher-provided intervention with fourth graders with significant reading difficulties. The intervention emphasized multisyllable word reading, fluent reading of high-frequency words and phrases, vocabulary, and comprehension. To identify the participants, 1,695 fourth-grade students were screened…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Outcomes of Treatment
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Zeng, Songtian; Benner, Gregory J.; Silva, Rayann M. – Education and Treatment of Children, 2016
The purpose of this evaluation was to examine the effectiveness and feasibility of a summer learning program for students at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD). We used a quasi-experimental design with pre and post assessments for both the treatment and comparison groups. Participants were fourth grade students (N = 92) below…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, At Risk Students, Emotional Disturbances, Behavior Disorders
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Foster, M. E.; Anthony, J. L.; Clements, D. H.; Sarama, J.; Williams, J. M. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Children from low-income and ethnic minority backgrounds have demonstrated substantially lower levels of math achievement than their middle class majority peers for decades. The present study addressed two research questions: (1) when used as a supplement to typical classroom instruction and in isolation from the larger curriculum, does Building…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Computer Assisted Instruction, Numeracy, Mathematics Instruction
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Warnick, Kristan; Caldarella, Paul – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
This study examined the effectiveness of a multisensory phonics-based reading remediation program for adolescent delinquents classified as poor readers living at a residential treatment center. We used a pretest--posttest control group design with random assignment. The treatment group participated in a 30-hr multisensory phonics reading…
Descriptors: Phonics, Teaching Methods, Reading Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness
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Graziano, Paulo A.; Garb, Leanna R.; Ros, Rosmary; Hart, Katie; Garcia, Alexis – Early Education and Development, 2016
Research Findings: The objective of this study was to examine the student-teacher relationship as a potential moderator of the link between executive functioning (EF) and children's early school readiness among a clinical sample of preschoolers with externalizing behavior problems (EBP). Participants for the study included 139 preschool children…
Descriptors: Executive Function, School Readiness, Short Term Memory, Standardized Tests
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