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Showing 1 to 15 of 41 results Save | Export
Kuchle, Laura; Brown, Seth; Coukoulis, Nicholas – American Institutes for Research, 2018
The 3-year Pennsylvania Dyslexia Screening and Early Literacy Intervention Pilot Program (Pilot) began in 2015-16 (Year 1) with the kindergarten class of 2015-16 (Cohort 1). In 2016-17 (Year 2), the Pilot was implemented with Cohort 1 students, now in first grade, and a second cohort of kindergarteners (Cohort 2). A third cohort will be added in…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Screening Tests, Emergent Literacy, Early Intervention
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Pollard-Durodola, Sharolyn D.; Gonzalez, Jorge E.; Saenz, Laura; Resendez, Nora; Kwok, Oiman; Zhu, Leina; Davis, Heather – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: This study compared the effects of content-based shared book-reading instruction versus an explicit vocabulary-only condition on the vocabulary development of preschool dual language learners (DLLs). Using shared book reading as the mode of instruction, we randomly assigned 48 bilingual preschool teachers and 281…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language), Bilingual Teachers
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Slocum, Jeremy Y.; Merriman, William E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
From an early age, children show a tendency to map novel labels onto unfamiliar rather than familiar kinds of objects. Accounts of this tendency have not addressed whether children develop a metacognitive representation of what they are doing. In 3 experiments (each N = 48), preschoolers received a test of the "metacognitive disambiguation…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Preschool Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Familiarity
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Cupples, L.; Ching, T. Y. C.; Leigh, G.; Martin, L.; Gunnourie, M.; Button, L.; Marnane, V.; Hou, S.; Zhang, V.; Flynn, C.; Van Buynder, P. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: This study examined language development in young children with hearing loss and different types of additional disabilities (ADs). Method: A population-based cohort of 67 children who were enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment study took part. Language ability was directly assessed at 3 and 5 years…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Disabilities
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Salminen, Jenni; Pakarinen, Eija; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina – Research Papers in Education, 2018
The present study extends research on classroom quality profiles by examining the differences between profiles with respect to children's development in pre-academic skills and motivation across the kindergarten year. Teacher-child interactions were observed in 49 Finnish kindergarten classrooms using the CLASS Pre-K instrument. Based on prior…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Skill Development, Academic Ability
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Bowers, Lisa M.; Schwarz, Ilsa – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2018
Among the academic challenges faced by students from low-socioeconomic status (SES) homes is the loss of academic skills during the summer months. A total of 22 elementary students from low-SES homes participated in a summer program designed to improve oral and written narrative skills. We gathered oral and written narrative samples at the…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Low Income Groups, Literacy Education, Reading Programs
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Munger, Kristen A.; Murray, Maria S. – Educational Assessment, 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine the validity evidence of first-grade spelling scores from a standardized test of nonsense word spellings and their potential value within universal literacy screening. Spelling scores from the Test of Phonological Awareness: Second Edition PLUS for 47 first-grade children were scored using a standardized…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Emergent Literacy, Reading Fluency, Reading Tests
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Smolík, Filip; Bláhová, Veronika – First Language, 2017
Two experiments examined Czech children's comprehension of grammatical number marking in verbs. Children were presented with picture pairs involving one or multiple participants in the same action, and were asked to point to the picture described by a recorded sentence. Experiment 1 (N = 72, age 3;0-4;7) tested four types of sentences, some of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Reading Comprehension, Slavic Languages
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Bailey, Benjamin; Arciuli, Joanne; Stancliffe, Roger J. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
This study explored the effects of an evidence-based literacy program, ABRACADABRA, on the spelling abilities of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty children with ASD aged 5-11 years were assigned to matched instruction and waitlist control groups. Children in the instruction group received 26 hrs of individualized, home-based…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Spelling Instruction
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Arosio, Fabrizio; Foppolo, Francesca; Pagliarini, Elena; Perugini, Maria; Guasti, Maria Teresa – Language Learning and Development, 2017
Specific language impairment (SLI) is a heterogeneous disorder affecting various aspects of language. While most studies have investigated impairments in the domain of syntax and morphosyntax, little is known about compositional semantics and the process of deriving pragmatic meanings in SLI. We selected a group of sixteen monolingual…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Semantics, Italian, Children
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Hill, Margaret S.; Wagovich, Stacy A.; Manfra, Louis – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2017
Most vocabulary growth during the school-age years occurs incidentally. However, little is understood about the influence of language skills on word knowledge growth during reading. Using a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design, we examined incidental word learning through reading, considering the presence/absence of supportive context and…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Aptitude, Learning Processes, Oral Language
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Barnes, Erica M.; Dickinson, David K. – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: Mental state verbs (MSV), a component of literate and academic language, may facilitate vocabulary growth, as they relate to metacognitive and metalinguistic awareness as well as decontextualized talk, all of which have been associated with vocabulary growth. In this study, we examined teacher MSV use in group content…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Metacognition, Language Usage, Verbs
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Liu, Yanchun; Wang, Yijie; Luo, Rufan; Su, Yanjie – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2016
The present study investigated how Chinese children develop theory of mind (ToM) in a language environment with limited mental state talk that is rich in behavior discourse. In Study 1, 60 mothers shared a wordless storybook with their 3-4-year-olds. The children completed two false-belief tasks and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised at…
Descriptors: Asians, Theory of Mind, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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Peterson, Candida; Slaughter, Virginia; Moore, Chris; Wellman, Henry M. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Consequences of theory of mind (ToM) development for daily social lives of children are uncertain. Five to 13-year-olds (N = 195) with typical development, autism, or deafness (both native and late signers) took ToM tests and their teachers reported on their social skills for peer interaction (e.g., leadership, group entry). Groups differed in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Yeung, Susanna S.; King, Ronnel B. – Reading Psychology, 2016
The present study explored the home literacy environment for Chinese ESL kindergarteners and examined the relationships between home literacy practices and language and literacy skills. Ninety Hong Kong Chinese ESL kindergarteners were assessed for English vocabulary, phonological awareness, letter knowledge and word reading. Their parents…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Expressive Language, Prediction
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