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Baker, Claire E. – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
The present study used a large sample of mostly non-resident fathers (74%) to determine whether father-school involvement (e.g. attending parent-teacher conferences) predicted better academic and social emotional skills after controlling for the influence of mother-school involvement, the quality of children's home learning environment, and…
Descriptors: Fathers, Parent School Relationship, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement
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Foreman-Murray, Lindsay; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Student explanations of their mathematical thinking and conclusions have become a greater part of the assessment landscape in recent years. With a sample of 71 4th-grade students at-risk for mathematics learning disabilities, we investigated the relation between student accuracy in comparing the magnitude of fractions and the quality of students'…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
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Yarnell, Lisa M.; Bohrnstedt, George W. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This study examines student-teacher "racial match" for its association with Black student achievement. Multilevel structural equation modeling was used to analyze 2013 National Assessment for Educational Progress (NAEP) Grade 4 Reading Assessment data to examine interactions of teacher race and student race in their associations with…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, Educational Policy
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Traynor, Anne – Educational Assessment, 2017
Variation in test performance among examinees from different regions or national jurisdictions is often partially attributed to differences in the degree of content correspondence between local school or training program curricula, and the test of interest. This posited relationship between test-curriculum correspondence, or "alignment,"…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Construction, Alignment (Education), Curriculum
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Ost, Ben; Gangopadhyaya, Anuj; Schiman, Jeffrey C. – Education Economics, 2017
Studies using tests scores as the dependent variable often report point estimates in student standard deviation units. We note that a standard deviation is not a standard unit of measurement since the distribution of test scores can vary across contexts. As such, researchers should be cautious when interpreting differences in the numerical size of…
Descriptors: Scores, Statistical Analysis, Measurement, Computation
Ward, Barbara – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Education is the foundation for the future, and a successful education begins with strong literacy skills. The 2013 National Assessment of Educational Progress reported that only 36% of eighth-grade students in the United States were classified as reading on a proficient level, and 22% of eighth-grade students were unable to read and comprehend…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Grade 8, Reading Achievement, Literacy
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Braun, Henry; von Davier, Matthias – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Economists are making increasing use of measures of student achievement obtained through large-scale survey assessments such as NAEP, TIMSS, and PISA. The construction of these measures, employing plausible value (PV) methodology, is quite different from that of the more familiar test scores associated with assessments such as the SAT…
Descriptors: Scores, Test Use, Measurement, Psychometrics
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Traynor, Anne – Applied Measurement in Education, 2017
It has long been argued that U.S. states' differential performance on nationwide assessments may reflect differences in students' opportunity to learn the tested content that is primarily due to variation in curricular content standards, rather than in instructional quality or educational investment. To quantify the effect of differences in…
Descriptors: Test Items, Difficulty Level, State Standards, Academic Standards
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Bond, Jeremy; Zhang, Mingyuan – European Journal of Educational Research, 2017
This study presented a secondary analysis of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) dataset. The paper explored the differences between fourth grade reading scores by examining (1) how often the fourth graders discuss their school work at home with family and (2) how often the fourth graders discuss what they were reading with…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Reading Achievement, Grade 4, Scores
Peters, Scott J.; Engerrand, Kenneth G. – Gifted Child Quarterly, 2016
The identification of gifted and talented students and the accompanying fact that most identification systems result in the underrepresentation of students from African American, Hispanic, Native American, English language learning, and low-income families are two of the most discussed and hotly debated topics in the field. This article provides…
Descriptors: Gifted, Identification, Equal Education, Excellence in Education
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Meyer, David; Werth, Loredana – International Journal of Education Policy and Leadership, 2016
This quantitative study examines the correlation between international student achievement test outcomes and national competitiveness rankings. Student achievement data are derived from a variation-adjusted, common-scale metric data set for 74 countries that have participated in any of the international mathematics and science achievement tests…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Statistical Analysis, Correlation, Competition
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Ayieko, Rachel A.; Gokbel, Elif N.; Akcay, Ahmet O. – North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine eighth grade students' algebra achievement scores across various states, over years, and by students' demographics (including ethnicity/race, language spoken at home, SES factors, and academic resources). The questions guiding the study were, (a) What are the differences in eighth grade students' algebra…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Algebra, Grade 8, Mathematics Achievement
Reardon, Sean F.; Shear, Benjamin R.; Castellano, Katherine E.; Ho, Andrew D. – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2017
Test score distributions of schools or demographic groups are often summarized by frequencies of students scoring in a small number of ordered proficiency categories. We show that heteroskedastic ordered probit (HETOP) models can be used to estimate means and standard deviations of multiple groups' test score distributions from such data. Because…
Descriptors: Scores, Statistical Analysis, Models, Computation
Karoly, Lynn A. – RAND Corporation, 2015
This study documents the magnitude of the gaps in student performance for public school students in Pennsylvania and estimates the economic consequences of those education performance gaps. Although Pennsylvania is one of the top-scoring states on the 2013 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) on average, the achievement gaps between…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Public Schools, Economic Factors, Racial Differences
Council of the Great City Schools, 2015
This report measures trends in performance among urban schools receiving federal School Improvement Grant (SIG) awards as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). The Council of the Great City Schools aims to document how member districts of the Council of the Great City Schools implemented SIG and specifically what…
Descriptors: Grants, Federal Legislation, Federal Aid, Educational Improvement
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