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Vaden-Kiernan, Michael; Borman, Geoffrey; Caverly, Sarah; Bell, Nance; Sullivan, Kate; Ruiz de Castilla, Veronica; Fleming, Grace; Rodriguez, Debra; Henry, Chad; Long, Tracy; Hughes Jones, Debra – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2018
This multiyear scale-up effectiveness study of Open Court Reading (OCR) involved approximately 4,500 students and more than 1,000 teachers per year in Grades K-5 from 49 elementary schools in seven districts across the country. Using a school-level cluster randomized trial design, we assessed the implementation and effectiveness of Open Court…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Reading Programs, Randomized Controlled Trials
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O'Neal, Colleen R. – School Psychology International, 2018
The goal of this short-term longitudinal study was to identify how stress impacts later literacy achievement via the mediators of grit and emotional engagement. Study design included three time-points with students in 3rd through 5th grades who were low-income, dual language learners in the US (N = 142; 54% female; 75% Latina/o; M = 9.47 years…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Literacy, Longitudinal Studies, Elementary School Students
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Bergbauer, Annika; van Staden, Surette – International Journal of Instruction, 2018
This study identifies factors predicting reading literacy achievement among Grade 4 students in South Africa by utilizing Vygotsky's social interaction theory. The study draws on the preProgress in International Reading Literacy Study (prePIRLS) 2011 data, which places South African Grade 4 students' results below the international centre point of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Literacy, Grade 4
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Solari, Emily J.; Denton, Carolyn A.; Petscher, Yaacov; Haring, Christa – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2018
This study investigates the effects and feasibility of an intervention for first-grade students at risk for reading difficulties or disabilities (RD). The intervention was provided by general education classroom teachers and consisted of 15 min whole-class comprehension lessons (Tier 1) and 30 min Tier 2 intervention sessions in word reading,…
Descriptors: Intervention, Feasibility Studies, Program Implementation, Word Study Skills
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De Clercq-Quaegebeur, Maryse; Casalis, Séverine; Vilette, Bruno; Lemaitre, Marie-Pierre; Vallée, Louis – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
A high comorbidity between reading and arithmetic disabilities has already been reported. The present study aims at identifying more precisely patterns of arithmetic performance in children with developmental dyslexia, defined with severe and specific criteria. By means of a standardized test of achievement in mathematics ("Calculation and…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Students, Dyslexia
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O'Neal, Colleen R. – School Psychology Quarterly, 2018
The objective of this short-term longitudinal study was to examine individual versus classroom peer effects of grit on later individual literacy achievement in elementary school. The dual language learner, largely Latina/o sample included students from the 3rd through the 5th grades. Participants completed a literacy achievement performance task…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Resilience (Psychology), Literacy, Elementary School Students
Kuchle, Laura; Brown, Seth; Coukoulis, Nicholas – American Institutes for Research, 2018
The 3-year Pennsylvania Dyslexia Screening and Early Literacy Intervention Pilot Program (Pilot) began in 2015-16 (Year 1) with the kindergarten class of 2015-16 (Cohort 1). In 2016-17 (Year 2), the Pilot was implemented with Cohort 1 students, now in first grade, and a second cohort of kindergarteners (Cohort 2). A third cohort will be added in…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Screening Tests, Emergent Literacy, Early Intervention
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Kosh, Audra E.; Greene, Jeffrey A.; Murphy, P. Karen; Burdick, Hal; Firetto, Carla M.; Elmore, Jeff – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
We explored the feasibility of using automated scoring to assess upper-elementary students' reading ability through analysis of transcripts of students' small-group discussions about texts. Participants included 35 fourth-grade students across two classrooms that engaged in a literacy intervention called Quality Talk. During the course of one…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Small Group Instruction, Group Discussion, Student Evaluation
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The authors tested theoretically driven predictions as to the ways in which syntactic awareness, or awareness of word order within sentences, might contribute to reading comprehension, the end goal of reading development and instruction. They conducted a longitudinal study of 100 English-speaking children followed from Grade 3 to 4. Children…
Descriptors: Syntax, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Prediction
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Shepherd, Debra Lynne – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
The regional and cultural closeness of Botswana and South Africa, as well as differences in their political histories and language policy stances, offers a unique opportunity to evaluate the role of language in reading outcomes. This study aims to empirically test the effect of exposure to mother tongue and English instruction on the reading…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Grade 4, Native Language
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Walzebug, Anke; Kasper, Daniel – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
In "Progress in International Reading Literacy Study" (PIRLS) educational inequalities are measured, amongst others, through the relationship between students' reading achievements and the home resource for learning (HRL) scale. By applying the partial credit model and using the WLE estimates for the person parameters it is accepted that…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment
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Caro, Daniel H.; Kyriakides, Leonidas; Televantou, Ioulia – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
Omitted prior achievement bias is pervasive in international assessment studies and precludes causal inference. For example, reported negative associations between student-oriented teaching strategies and student performance are against expectations and might actually reflect omitted prior achievement bias. Namely, that these teaching strategies…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Grade 4
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Erbeli, Florina; Hart, Sara A.; Wagner, Richard K.; Taylor, Jeanette – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
A fairly recent definition of reading disability (RD) is that in the form of a hybrid model. The model views RD as a latent construct that is manifested through various observable unexpected impairments in reading-related skills and through inadequate response to intervention. The current report evaluated this new conceptualization of RD from an…
Descriptors: Etiology, Reading Difficulties, Reading Programs, Response to Intervention
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Clayton, Francina J.; Hulme, Charles – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The automatic letter-sound integration hypothesis proposes that the decoding difficulties seen in dyslexia arise from a specific deficit in establishing automatic letter-sound associations. We report the findings of 2 studies in which we used a priming task to assess automatic letter-sound integration. In Study 1, children between 5 and 7 years of…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Phonology, Evidence
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Johnston, Lauren E.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Geres-Smith, Rhonda – Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 2018
The purpose of this preliminary study was to determine whether incorporating vocabulary instruction in individual reading fluency interventions for English Language Learners (ELLs) would improve reading comprehension. Two vocabulary instructional procedures were contrasted with a fluency-building only condition in an alternating-treatments design…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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