ERIC Number: EJ1109731
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Enhancing Coping and Supporting Protective Factors after a Disaster: Findings From a Quasi-Experimental Study
Powell, Tara; Thompson, Sanna J.
Research on Social Work Practice, v26 n5 p539-549 Sep 2016
Objective: This article presents the Journey of Hope (JoH), a school-based intervention for children who have experienced a collective trauma such as a natural disaster. Through the use of group work, the JoH focuses on building coping skills and enhancing protective factors to help children recover. Method: This quasi-experimental research included 102 children impacted by tornadoes in Tuscaloosa, Alabama in 2011. Results: Through an hierarchical linear model analysis with (n = 48) from the JoH group and (n = 54) from a wait-list control group, the outcomes indicate that after participation in the JoH youth had increased coping skills, F(100) = 5.270, p < 0.05, and prosocial behaviors, F(95) = 4.286, p < 0.05. This is the first quasi-experimental design to be conducted on the JoH; findings provide preliminary evidence of the effectiveness of this broad-based postdisaster intervention. Conclusion: Future replication studies with larger samples in other societies impacted by a natural disaster are needed to further evaluate the JoH's impact in enhancing coping and building resilience.
Descriptors: Quasiexperimental Design, Intervention, Trauma, Natural Disasters, Coping, Children, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Social Behavior, Program Effectiveness, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Behavior Problems, Questionnaires, Child Behavior, Screening Tests, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 3; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Alabama
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire