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Showing 1 to 15 of 37 results Save | Export
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Erbeli, Florina; Hart, Sara A.; Wagner, Richard K.; Taylor, Jeanette – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
A fairly recent definition of reading disability (RD) is that in the form of a hybrid model. The model views RD as a latent construct that is manifested through various observable unexpected impairments in reading-related skills and through inadequate response to intervention. The current report evaluated this new conceptualization of RD from an…
Descriptors: Etiology, Reading Difficulties, Reading Programs, Response to Intervention
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Muijselaar, Marloes M. L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We investigated the dimensionality of inference making in samples of 4- to 9-year-olds (Ns = 416-783) to determine if local and global coherence inferences could be distinguished. In addition, we examined the validity of our experimenter-developed inference measure by comparing with three additional measures of listening comprehension. Multitrait,…
Descriptors: Inferences, Thinking Skills, Young Children, Listening Comprehension
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Clayton, Francina J.; Hulme, Charles – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The automatic letter-sound integration hypothesis proposes that the decoding difficulties seen in dyslexia arise from a specific deficit in establishing automatic letter-sound associations. We report the findings of 2 studies in which we used a priming task to assess automatic letter-sound integration. In Study 1, children between 5 and 7 years of…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Phonology, Evidence
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Lallier, Marie; Abu Mallouh, Reem; Mohammed, Ahmed M.; Khalifa, Batoul; Perea, Manuel; Carreiras, Manuel – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
It is unclear whether the association between the visual attention (VA) span and reading differs across languages. Here we studied this relationship in Arabic, where the use of specific reading strategies depends on the amount of diacritics on words: reading vowelized and nonvowelized Arabic scripts favor sublexical and lexical strategies,…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention Span, Reading Strategies, Semitic Languages
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van Wingerden, Evelien; Segers, Eliane; van Balkom, Hans; Verhoeven, Ludo – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The present article aimed to explore how the development of reading comprehension is affected when its cognitive basis is compromised. The simple view of reading was adopted as the theoretical framework. The study followed 76 children with mild intellectual disabilities (average IQ = 60.38, age 121 months) across a period of 3 years. The children…
Descriptors: Children, Mild Intellectual Disability, Reading Comprehension, Longitudinal Studies
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Verhoeven, Ludo; Keuning, Jos – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The present study aimed to explore the nature of developmental dyslexia in a language considered to have a transparent orthography, namely, Dutch. We assessed the accuracy and efficiency of decoding words and pseudowords with four lengths as well as three types of phonological ability in 2,760 typical children and 397 peers with dyslexia across…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dyslexia, Orthographic Symbols, Indo European Languages
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Tibi, Sana; Kirby, John R. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Wolf and Bowers (1999) described a model in which phonological awareness (PA) and naming speed (NS) make independent contributions to reading ability. We tested this model in a sample of 201 Grade 3 Arabic-speaking children in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Measures of general cognitive ability, vocabulary, PA, NS, word reading, and reading…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Vocabulary Development, Models, Semitic Languages
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Mimeau, Catherine; Ricketts, Jessie; Deacon, S. Hélène – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We tested the theoretically driven hypotheses that children's orthographic and semantic learning are associated with their word reading and reading comprehension skills, even when orthographic and semantic knowledge are taken into account. A sample of 139 English-speaking Grade 3 children completed a learning task in which they read stories about…
Descriptors: Role, Reading Processes, Reading Comprehension, Semantics
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Sun, Congying; Branum-Martin, Lee; Peng, Peng; Tao, Sha – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The current study examined the construct of word-reading skills within and across English and Chinese. One hundred forty-three 5th graders who were native Chinese (Mandarin) speakers learning English as a second language completed 19 tasks representing phonological awareness, orthographic knowledge, and word decoding in both English and Chinese.…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Orthographic Symbols, Decoding (Reading), Grade 5
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Wijaythilake, Marasinghe A. D. K.; Parrila, Rauno; Inoue, Tomohiro; Nag, Sonali – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We examined whether global instruction of complex akshara and explicit phoneme-level instruction of akshara impact the development of phoneme awareness and its association with akshara knowledge and word reading accuracy. The participants were 100 Sinhala-speaking children from Grades 4 and 5 in Sri Lanka. Phoneme awareness showed stronger growth…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Phonemic Awareness, Indo European Languages, Reading Instruction
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van den Boer, Madelon; de Jong, Peter F. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Visual attention span (VAS) predicts reading performance over and above phonological skills. Given the growing number of studies that include VAS, it is surprising that indications of the stability of VAS performance and its relation with reading over time have not yet been reported. The current study addressed these important issues. Participants…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Reading Skills, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Protopapas, Athanassios; Katopodi, Katerina; Altani, Angeliki; Georgiou, George K. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Word list reading fluency is theoretically expected to depend on single word reading speed. Yet the correlation between the two diminishes with increasing fluency, while fluency remains strongly correlated to serial digit naming. We hypothesized that multi-element sequence processing is an important component of fluency. We used confirmatory…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Reading Fluency, Reading Processes, Word Lists
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Chen, Jing; Lin, Tzu-Jung; Ku, Yu-Min; Zhang, Jie; O'Connell, Ann – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Concept of word--the awareness of how words differ from nonwords or other linguistic properties--is important to learning to read Chinese because words in Chinese texts are not separated by space, and most characters can be productively compounded with other characters to form new words. The current study examined the effects of reader, word, and…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Reading Comprehension, Chinese, Grade 5
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Elleman, Amy M.; Steacy, Laura M.; Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Compton, Donald L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Although instruction has been shown to be effective at increasing vocabulary knowledge and comprehension, factors most important for promoting the acquisition of novel vocabulary are less known. In addition, few vocabulary studies have utilized models that simultaneously take into account child-level, word-level, and instructional factors to…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Vocabulary Development, Elementary School Students, Grade 3
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Boerma, Inouk E.; Mol, Suzanne E.; Jolles, Jelle – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Children with a rich home literacy environment generally show better reading comprehension. For children in the higher grades of primary school, this relation is thought to be indirect. We propose a model in which this relation ran via children's higher order language and cognitive skills (i.e., expressive verbal ability and mentalizing ability)…
Descriptors: Family Literacy, Family Environment, Expressive Language, Verbal Ability
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