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Showing 1 to 15 of 50 results Save | Export
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Wang, Li-Chih; Yang, Hsien-Ming – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
This study aimed to investigate the development of visual and auditory temporal processing among children with and without dyslexia and to examine the roles of temporal processing in reading and reading-related abilities. A total of 362 Chinese children in Grades 1-6 were recruited from Taiwan. Half of the children had dyslexia, and the other half…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Dyslexia, Matched Groups, Comparative Analysis
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Lambert, Katharina; Spinath, Birgit – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between elementary school children's mathematical achievement and their conservation abilities, visuospatial skills, and numerosity processing speed. We also assessed differences in these abilities between children with different types of learning problems. In Study 1 (N = 229), we…
Descriptors: Correlation, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Mathematics, Visual Perception
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De Clercq-Quaegebeur, Maryse; Casalis, Séverine; Vilette, Bruno; Lemaitre, Marie-Pierre; Vallée, Louis – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
A high comorbidity between reading and arithmetic disabilities has already been reported. The present study aims at identifying more precisely patterns of arithmetic performance in children with developmental dyslexia, defined with severe and specific criteria. By means of a standardized test of achievement in mathematics ("Calculation and…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Students, Dyslexia
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Hu, Shenai; Vender, Maria; Fiorin, Gaetano; Delfitto, Denis – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
Recent experimental results suggest that negation is particularly challenging for children with reading difficulties. This study looks at how young poor readers, speakers of Mandarin Chinese, comprehend affirmative and negative sentences as compared with a group of age-matched typical readers. Forty-four Chinese children were tested with a truth…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Sentences, Mandarin Chinese, Reading Comprehension
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Sanders, Elizabeth A.; Berninger, Virginia W.; Abbott, Robert D. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
Sequential regression was used to evaluate whether language-related working memory components uniquely predict reading and writing achievement beyond cognitive-linguistic translation for students in Grades 4 through 9 (N = 103) with specific learning disabilities (SLDs) in subword handwriting (dysgraphia, n = 25), word reading and spelling…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Short Term Memory, Predictor Variables, Reading Achievement
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Kallitsoglou, Angeliki – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
It is unknown whether children with conduct problems (CP) and poor reading (PR) skills exhibit more profound executive function impairments than children with CP only and whether such impairments are explained by coexisting PR. Executive functions were compared in four groups of 7- to 8-year-old children: 26 CP only, 35 PR only, 27 CP-PR, and 31…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Behavior Problems, Reading Difficulties, Children
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Coker, David L.; Ritchey, Kristen D.; Uribe-Zarain, Ximena; Jennings, Austin S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
To help all students meet the writing expectations of the Common Core State Standards, researchers need a deeper understanding of the characteristics of struggling writers. The purpose of this study was to explore the writing profiles of students including those who have or are at risk for writing disabilities. First-grade students (N = 391) were…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Writing Skills, Writing Evaluation
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Gatlin, Brandy; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Wanzek, Jeanne – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
We discuss a component-based, developmental view of text writing fluency, which we tested using data from children in Grades 2 and 3. "Text writing fluency" was defined as efficiency and automaticity in writing connected texts, which acts as a mediator between text generation (oral language), transcription skills, and writing quality. We…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Case Studies
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Costa, Lara-Jeane; Green, Melissa; Sideris, John; Hooper, Stephen R. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
The primary aim of this study was determining Grade 1 cognitive predictors of students at risk for writing disabilities in Grades 2 through 4. Applying cognitive measures selected to align with theoretical and empirical models of writing, tasks were administered to Grade 1 students assessing fine-motor, linguistic, and executive functions: 84 at…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Kruk, Richard S.; Luther Ruban, Cassia – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
Visual processes in Grade 1 were examined for their predictive influences in nonalphanumeric and alphanumeric rapid naming (RAN) in 51 poor early and 69 typical readers. In a lagged design, children were followed longitudinally from Grade 1 to Grade 3 over 5 testing occasions. RAN outcomes in early Grade 2 were predicted by speeded and nonspeeded…
Descriptors: Naming, Reading Difficulties, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Tannock, Rosemary; Frijters, Jan C.; Martinussen, Rhonda; White, Erin Jacquelyn; Ickowicz, Abel; Benson, Nancy J.; Lovett, Maureen W. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
To evaluate the relative efficacy of two reading programs with and without adjunctive stimulant medication for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comorbid reading disorder (ADHD+RD). Sixty-five children (7-11 years in age) were assigned randomly to one of three intensive remedial academic programs (phonologically or…
Descriptors: Intervention, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Comorbidity, Child Behavior
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Cirino, Paul T.; Miciak, Jeremy; Gerst, Elyssa; Barnes, Marcia A.; Vaughn, Sharon; Child, Amanda; Huston-Warren, Emily – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
The goal of this study was to evaluate the extent to which training that emphasizes the process of executive function (EF) and self-regulated learning (SRL) would result in increased reading comprehension; we also evaluated interrelationships of EF, SRL, and reading. We report an experiment (N = 75 fourth graders) that contrasted two…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Independent Study, Reading Comprehension, Experiments
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Raddatz, Julia; Kuhn, Jörg-Tobias; Holling, Heinz; Moll, Kristina; Dobel, Christian – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
The aim of the present study was to investigate the cognitive profiles of primary school children (age 82-133 months) on a battery of basic number processing and calculation tasks. The sample consisted of four groups matched for age and IQ: arithmetic disorder only (AD; n = 20), reading disorder only (RD; n = 40), a comorbid group (n = 27), and an…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Reading Difficulties, Numbers, Computation
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Lee, Jiyeon; Yoon, So Yoon – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
The purpose of this research was to systematically review the effects of repeated reading (RR) interventions on reading fluency to provide instructional strategies for students with reading disabilities (RD). Correct words per minute were coded as an outcome variable in a search that yielded 34 RR intervention studies from 1990 to 2014 for…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Reading Instruction, Reading Fluency, Repetition
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De Groot, Barry J. A.; Van den Bos, Kees P.; Van der Meulen, Bieuwe F.; Minnaert, Alexander E. M. G. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
Employing a large sample of children from Dutch regular elementary schools, this study assessed the contributing and discriminating values of reading disability (RD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to two types of phonological processing skills, phonemic awareness (PA) and rapid automatized naming (RAN). A second objective was…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Elementary School Students, Reading Difficulties
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