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Showing 1 to 15 of 58 results Save | Export
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McCoy, Dana Charles; Jones, Stephanie; Roy, Amanda; Raver, C. Cybele – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Although research has shown fade-out of the cognitive benefits of classroom-based preschool interventions, less is known regarding the durability of social-emotional impacts. This study examines the extent to which the multicomponent Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP) intervention lowered risk of internalizing, externalizing, attention, and…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Social Development, Emotional Development, Low Income
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Berry, Ed D. J.; Waterman, Amanda H.; Baddeley, Alan D.; Hitch, Graham J.; Allen, Richard J. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Recent research has demonstrated that, when instructed to prioritize a serial position in visual working memory (WM), adults are able to boost performance for this selected item, at a cost to nonprioritized items (e.g., Hu, Hitch, Baddeley, Zhang, & Allen, 2014). While executive control appears to play an important role in this ability, the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Children, Individual Differences
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Chen, Xinyin; Fu, Rui; Liu, Junsheng; Wang, Li; Zarbatany, Lynne; Ellis, Wendy – Developmental Psychology, 2018
This study examined relations of social sensitivity to social, school, and psychological adjustment in rural Chinese, urban Chinese, and Canadian children. Participants were 4th to 6th grade students (M[subscript age] = 11 years) in China (n = 593 and 443 for the rural and urban samples) and Canada (n = 325). A self-report measure of social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Competence, Peer Relationship, Social Adjustment
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Broadbent, H. J.; Osborne, T.; Rea, M.; Peng, A.; Mareschal, D.; Kirkham, N. Z. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Multisensory information has been shown to facilitate learning (Bahrick & Lickliter, 2000; Broadbent, White, Mareschal, & Kirkham, 2017; Jordan & Baker, 2011; Shams & Seitz, 2008). However, although research has examined the modulating effect of unisensory and multisensory distractors on multisensory processing, the extent to which…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Sensory Integration
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Sabato, Hagit; Kogut, Tehila – Developmental Psychology, 2018
We examined the role of the recipient's neediness as a moderator in the relation between children's household religiosity and prosocial behavior. Examining the behavior of children (2nd and 5th graders) from religious and nonreligious households in the dictator game, we found that the extent of sharing did not differ significantly between the 2…
Descriptors: Religious Factors, Altruism, Children, Individual Needs
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Betsch, Tilmann; Wünsche, Kirsten; Großkopf, Armin; Schröder, Klara; Stenmans, Rachel – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Prior evidence has suggested that preschoolers and elementary schoolers search information largely with no systematic plan when making decisions in probabilistic environments. However, this finding might be due to the insensitivity of standard classification methods that assume a lack of variance in decision strategies for tasks of the same kind.…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Elementary School Students, Decision Making, Information Seeking
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Ronfard, Samuel; Chen, Eva E.; Harris, Paul L. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Although children often believe an adult's claims, they may have opportunities to check these claims by gathering relevant empirical evidence themselves. Here, we examine whether children seize such opportunities, especially when the claim is counterintuitive. Chinese preschool and elementary schoolchildren were presented with five different-sized…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Elementary School Students, Cognitive Development
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D'Angelo, Nadia; Hipfner-Boucher, Kathleen; Chen, Xi – Developmental Psychology, 2017
The present study investigated the contribution of morphological and cognate awareness to the development of English and French vocabulary knowledge among young minority and majority language children who were enrolled in a French immersion program. Participating children (n = 75) were assessed in English and French on measures of morphological…
Descriptors: Prediction, French, Vocabulary Development, Morphology (Languages)
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Hanley, Mary; Khairat, Mariam; Taylor, Korey; Wilson, Rachel; Cole-Fletcher, Rachel; Riby, Deborah M. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Paying attention is a critical first step toward learning. For children in primary school classrooms there can be many things to attend to other than the focus of a lesson, such as visual displays on classroom walls. The aim of this study was to use eye-tracking techniques to explore the impact of visual displays on attention and learning for…
Descriptors: Attention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eye Movements
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Nelson, Timothy D.; Nelson, Jennifer Mize; James, Tiffany D.; Clark, Caron A. C.; Kidwell, Katherine M.; Espy, Kimberly Andrews – Developmental Psychology, 2017
The transition to elementary school is accompanied by increasing demands for children to regulate their attention and behavior within the classroom setting. Executive control (EC) may be critical for meeting these demands; however, few studies have rigorously examined the association between EC and observed classroom behavior. This study examined…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Attention Control, Student Behavior, Preschool Children
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Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Hamdan, Noora; Sorhagen, Nicole S.; D'Esterre, Alexander P. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Individuals' implicit theories of intelligence exist on a spectrum, from believing intelligence is fixed and unchangeable, to believing it is malleable and can be improved with effort. A belief in malleable intelligence leads to adaptive responses to challenge and higher achievement. However, surprisingly little is known about the development of…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Academic Ability, Beliefs, Adults
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Streit, Cara; Carlo, Gustavo; Ispa, Jean M.; Palermo, Francisco – Developmental Psychology, 2017
The present study examined the early parenting and temperament determinants of children's antisocial and positive behaviors in a low-income, diverse ethno-racial sample. Participants were from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project, which included 960 European American (initial M age = 15.00 months; 51.2% female) and 880 African…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Behavior Problems, Emotional Response, African Americans
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Kim, Dan; Opfer, John E. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Representations of numerical value have been assessed by using bounded (e.g., 0-1,000) and unbounded (e.g., 0-?) number-line tasks, with considerable debate regarding whether 1 or both tasks elicit unique cognitive strategies (e.g., addition or subtraction) and require unique cognitive models. To test this, we examined how well a mixed log-linear…
Descriptors: Computation, Numbers, Children, Cognitive Development
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Sugimura, Niwako; Berry, Daniel; Troop-Gordon, Wendy; Rudolph, Karen D. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Research has established that long-term exposure to peer victimization is associated with higher levels of emotional and behavioral maladjustment. Yet, relatively little is known regarding predictors of stable versus declining victimization across extended periods of time. To fill this knowledge gap, the present study used latent growth curve…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Bullying, Peer Relationship, Victims
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Vander Heyden, Karin M.; Huizinga, Mariette; Jolles, Jelle – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Children practice their spatial skills when playing with spatial toys, such as construction materials, board games, and puzzles. Sex and SES differences are observed in the engagement in such spatial play activities at home, which relate to individual differences in spatial performance. The current study investigated the effects of explicitly…
Descriptors: Intervention, Play, Games, Puzzles
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