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Caldas, Stephen J.; Reilly, Monique S. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The authors used structural equation modeling to map the relationships between student race-ethnicity via the mediating variable physical activity on English language arts (ELA) and mathematics achievement among 964 fourth- and fifth-grade students. The students attended a New York City Metropolitan area school district and completed the Physical…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Race, Ethnicity, Physical Activity Level
Schor, Marie – ProQuest LLC, 2018
Students living in poverty are now the majority of the K-12 student population in the United States. Growing up in poverty results in lower self-regulation, executive function, and readiness to learn. Researchers suggest that mindfulness practices, such as yoga, can enhance student self-regulation and executive function, thereby increasing student…
Descriptors: Relaxation Training, Poverty, Statistical Analysis, Grade 3
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Dwicaksono, Adenantera; Brissette, Ian; Birkhead, Guthrie S.; Bozlak, Christine T.; Martin, Erika G. – Health Education & Behavior, 2018
Objectives: One third of school-aged children in New York State (NYS) are overweight or obese, with large geographic disparities across local regions. We used NYS student obesity surveillance data to assess whether these geographical variations are attributable to the built environment. Method: We combined NYS Student Weight Status Category…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Environment, Geographic Regions, Differences
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Munger, Kristen A.; Murray, Maria S. – Educational Assessment, 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine the validity evidence of first-grade spelling scores from a standardized test of nonsense word spellings and their potential value within universal literacy screening. Spelling scores from the Test of Phonological Awareness: Second Edition PLUS for 47 first-grade children were scored using a standardized…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Emergent Literacy, Reading Fluency, Reading Tests
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Sclafani, Chris; Wickes, Dennis – Journal of Education and Learning, 2017
Much research has been conducted on reading levels of elementary school students. Teachers search for learning experiences that lend inclusion to all genders and levels. How does this all lay out for the students? The initial trial of the study looks into the impact and differences of gender and/or reading level on areas such as school enjoyment,…
Descriptors: Reading Ability, Student Attitudes, Multivariate Analysis, Educational Practices
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Wilcox, Kristen Campbell; Gregory, Karen; Yu, Lisa – Journal for Leadership and Instruction, 2017
This article reports on findings from a multiple case study investigating the nature of educators' approaches toward monitoring English language learners' (ELLs) performance and using data to improve instruction and apply appropriate interventions. Six New York elementary schools where ELLs' performance was better than predicted (i.e.…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Elementary Schools, Elementary School Students
Mehta, Sheena – ProQuest LLC, 2016
The purpose of the current research is to assess the clinical utility of an invented spelling tool and determine whether invented spelling and word stress (supra-segmental level measures) can also be used to better identify reading difficulties. The proposed invented spelling tool incorporated linguistic manipulations to alter the difficulty…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Spelling
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Williams, Olajide; DeSorbo, Alexandra; Sawyer, Vanessa; Apakama, Donald; Shaffer, Michele; Gerin, William; Noble, James – Health Education & Behavior, 2016
Objectives: We explored the effect of a culturally targeted calorie label intervention on food purchasing behavior of elementary school students. Method: We used a quasi-experimental design with two intervention schools and one control school to assess food purchases of third through fifth graders at standardized school food sales before and after…
Descriptors: Culturally Relevant Education, Teaching Methods, Purchasing, Food
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Gray, Heewon Lee; Burgermaster, Marissa; Tipton, Elizabeth; Contento, Isobel R.; Koch, Pamela A.; Di Noia, Jennifer – Health Education & Behavior, 2016
Objective: Sample size and statistical power calculation should consider clustering effects when schools are the unit of randomization in intervention studies. The objective of the current study was to investigate how student outcomes are clustered within schools in an obesity prevention trial. Method: Baseline data from the Food, Health &…
Descriptors: Obesity, Energy, Elementary School Students, Body Composition
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Skinner, Ellen A.; Pitzer, Jennifer R.; Steele, Joel S. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
How children and youth deal with academic challenges and setbacks can make a material difference to their learning and school success. Hence, it is important to investigate the factors that allow students to cope constructively. A process model focused on students' motivational resources was used to frame a study examining whether engagement in…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Academic Persistence, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Yang, Yang; Gentry, Marcia; Wu, Jiaxi; Jen, Enyi; Maeda, Yukiko – Gifted and Talented International, 2016
This study is to investigate whether "My Class Activities" (MCA; Gentry & Gable, 2001a), an instrument developed to measure students' perceptions of their classroom activities, yields valid data when used with elementary students in China after translation into Chinese. The four factors measured by the instrument (Interest,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Student Attitudes, Class Activities
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Wells, Nancy M.; Myers, Beth M.; Todd, Lauren E.; Barale, Karen; Gaolach, Brad; Ferenz, Gretchen; Aitken, Martha; Henderson, Charles R.; Tse, Caroline; Pattison, Karen Ostlie; Taylor, Cayla; Connerly, Laura; Carson, Janet B.; Gensemer, Alexandra Z.; Franz, Nancy K.; Falk, Elizabeth – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
This randomized controlled trial or "true experiment" examines the effects of a school garden intervention on the science knowledge of elementary school children. Schools were randomly assigned to a group that received the garden intervention (n?=?25) or to a waitlist control group that received the garden intervention at the end of the…
Descriptors: Gardening, Science Education, Low Income, Elementary School Students
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Koh, Myung-Sook; Shin, Sunwoo; Reeves, Kay C. – Multicultural Learning and Teaching, 2015
The purpose of this study is to investigate attitudes and perspectives of Korean immigrant parents in rearing and educating their children in the United States. One hundred nineteen Korean parents from three cities in the United States were surveyed using the Korean Parent Questionnaire. The responses of the questionnaire were analyzed using…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Korean
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Echon, Roger M. – Journal of Child Nutrition & Management, 2014
Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to provide baseline data and characteristics of food served and consumed prior to the recently mandated nutrition standards as authorized by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA). Methods: Over 600,000 school lunch menus with associated food production records from 61 elementary schools…
Descriptors: Lunch Programs, Food Service, Food Standards, Statistical Analysis
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Froh, Jeffrey J.; Bono, Giacomo; Fan, Jinyan; Emmons, Robert A.; Henderson, Katherine; Harris, Cheray; Leggio, Heather; Wood, Alex M. – School Psychology Review, 2014
Gratitude is essential to social life and well-being. Although research with youth populations has gained momentum recently, only two gratitude interventions have been conducted in youth, targeting mostly adolescents. In the current research, we tested a new intervention for promoting gratitude among the youngest children targeted to date.…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Psychological Patterns, Elementary School Students, Randomized Controlled Trials
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