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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Gatlin, Brandy; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Wanzek, Jeanne – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
We discuss a component-based, developmental view of text writing fluency, which we tested using data from children in Grades 2 and 3. "Text writing fluency" was defined as efficiency and automaticity in writing connected texts, which acts as a mediator between text generation (oral language), transcription skills, and writing quality. We…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Case Studies
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Schatschneider, Christopher – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
We investigated direct and indirect effects of component skills on writing (DIEW) using data from 193 children in Grade 1. In this model, working memory was hypothesized to be a foundational cognitive ability for language and cognitive skills as well as transcription skills, which, in turn, contribute to writing. Foundational oral language skills…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Writing Instruction, Grade 1, Teaching Methods
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Gatlin, Brandy; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Kim, Young-Suk Grace – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
We examined the effects of transcription instruction for students in 1st grade. We selected students in the lowest 70% of the participating schools for the study. We randomly assigned these 81 students to (a) spelling instruction, (b) handwriting instruction, (c) combination spelling and handwriting instruction, or (d) no intervention.…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Writing Instruction, Intervention, Spelling
Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Schatschneider, Christopher – Grantee Submission, 2017
We investigated direct and indirect effects of component skills on writing (DIEW) using data from 193 children in Grade 1. In this model, working memory was hypothesized to be a foundational cognitive ability for language and cognitive skills as well as transcription skills, which, in turn, contribute to writing. Foundational oral language skills…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Writing Instruction, Grade 1, Teaching Methods
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Petscher, Yaacov – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Emerging evidence suggests that children's sensitivity to suprasegmental phonology such as stress and timing (i.e., prosodic sensitivity) contributes to reading. The primary goal of this study was to investigate pathways of the relation of prosodic sensitivity to reading (word reading and reading comprehension) using data from 370 first-grade…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Phonological Awareness, Intonation
Kim, Young-Suk Grace – Grantee Submission, 2016
We investigated component language and cognitive skills of oral language comprehension of narrative texts (i.e., listening comprehension). Using the construction--integration model of text comprehension as an overarching theoretical framework, we examined direct and mediated relations of foundational cognitive skills (working memory and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Language Skills, Cognitive Ability, Oral Language
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Vorstius, Christian; Radach, Ralph – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The goal of this study was to investigate the nature of online comprehension monitoring, its predictors, and its relation to reading comprehension. Questions were concerned with (a) beginning readers' sensitivity to inconsistencies, (b) predictors of online comprehension monitoring, and (c) the relation of online comprehension monitoring to…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Eye Movements, Listening Comprehension, Reading Processes
Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Wagner, Richard K. – Grantee Submission, 2015
In the present study we investigated a developmentally changing role of text reading fluency in mediating the relations of word reading fluency and listening comprehension to reading comprehension. We addressed this question by using longitudinal data from Grades 1 to 4 and employing structural equation models. Results showed that the role of text…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Word Recognition, Listening Skills, Reading Comprehension
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Wagner, Richard K. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2015
In the present study we investigated a developmentally changing role of text reading fluency in mediating the relations of word reading fluency and listening comprehension to reading comprehension. We addressed this question by using longitudinal data from Grades 1 to 4 and employing structural equation models. Results showed that the role of text…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Word Recognition, Listening Skills, Reading Comprehension