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Dymock, Susan; Nicholson, Tom – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
The ubiquitous weekly spelling test assumes that words are best learned by memorisation and testing but is this the best way? This study compared two well-known approaches to spelling instruction, the rule based and visual memory approaches. A group of 55 seven-year-olds in two Year 3 classrooms was taught spelling in small groups for three…
Descriptors: Spelling Instruction, Elementary School Students, Comparative Analysis, Teaching Methods
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Powell, Sarah R.; Driver, Melissa K. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
Researchers and practitioners indicate students require explicit instruction on mathematics vocabulary terms, yet no study has examined the effects of an embedded vocabulary component within mathematics tutoring for early elementary students. First-grade students with mathematics difficulty (MD; n = 98) were randomly assigned to addition tutoring…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Vocabulary, Tutoring, Elementary School Students
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Swanson, H. Lee – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Cognitive strategies are important tools for children with math difficulties (MD) in learning to solve word problems. The effectiveness of strategy training, however, depends on working memory capacity (WMC). Thus, children with MD but with relatively higher WMC are more likely to benefit from strategy training, whereas children with lower WMC may…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Cognitive Processes, Learning Problems, Mathematics Instruction
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Long, Jessica; Namkung, Jessica; Hamlett, Carol L.; Cirino, Paul T.; Jordan, Nancy C.; Siegler, Robert; Gersten, Russell; Changas, Paul – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2013
The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of an intervention designed to improve at-risk 4th graders' understanding of fractions and to examine the processes by which effects occurred. The intervention focused more on the measurement interpretation of fractions; the control condition focused more on the part-whole interpretation…
Descriptors: Mathematics, At Risk Students, Student Improvement, Intervention