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Federicová, Miroslava; Pertold, Filip; Smith, Michael L. – Education Economics, 2018
To sort pupils at the end of primary school, some early-tracking systems apply a mechanism that unwittingly divides classes into two groups: students preparing for exams to enter better schools and everyone else, who decide not to compete for selective schools. Utilizing TIMSS data and a follow-up study in the Czech Republic, we show that this…
Descriptors: Self Esteem, Competition, Track System (Education), Mathematics
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Yalcin, Seher – Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Purpose: Studies in the literature have generally demonstrated that the causes of differential item functioning (DIF) are complex and not directly related to defined groups. The purpose of this study is to determine the DIF according to the mixture item response theory (MixIRT) model, based on the latent group approach, as well as the…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Test Items, Test Bias, Error of Measurement
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Bergold, Sebastian; Wendt, Heike; Kasper, Daniel; Steinmayr, Ricarda – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
The present study investigated (a) how a latent profile analysis based on representative data of N = 74,868 4th graders from 17 European countries would cluster the students on the basis of their reading, mathematics, and science achievement test scores; (b) whether there would be gender differences at various competency levels, especially among…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Gender Differences, Disproportionate Representation, Profiles
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House, J. Daniel; Telese, James A. – Education, 2017
Findings from assessments of fourth-grade science have indicated that students in Korea scored higher than international averages. Research results have also shown that attitudes toward science were related to achievement outcomes for Korean students. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between confidence in science and…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Science Instruction, Outcomes of Education, Grade 4
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Smith, Daniel Scott; Wendt, Heike; Kasper, Daniel – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2017
To understand the relationship between social background and sex in schooling, we use Bourdieu's theory of social reproduction and a feminist perspective of gender as practice. We pose two questions: (1) What is the relationship between economic and cultural capital and achievement for 4th-grade females versus males studying in Germany? (2) Is the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sex Education, Social Influences, Gender Differences
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Casey, Beth M.; Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Pollock, Amanda; Fineman, Bonnie; Pezaris, Elizabeth – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study investigated longitudinal pathways leading from early spatial skills in first-grade girls to their fifth-grade analytical math reasoning abilities (N = 138). First-grade assessments included spatial skills, verbal skills, addition/subtraction skills, and frequency of choice of a decomposition or retrieval strategy on the…
Descriptors: Females, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Predictor Variables
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Caponera, Elisa; Sestito, Paolo; Russo, Paolo M. – Journal of Educational Research, 2016
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of students' reading literacy, measured by the PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study) test, on their performance in the TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) mathematics and science tests. The data on 4,125 Italian students from 199 schools were analyzed:…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Literacy, Mathematics Achievement
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Matsubara, Kenji; Hagiwara, Yasuhito; Saruta, Yuji – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2016
This study statistically investigates the characteristics of the intended curriculum for Japanese primary science, focusing on the learning content. The study used the TIMSS 2011 Grade 4 Curriculum Questionnaire data as a major source for the learning content prescribed at the national level. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to determine the…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Elementary School Students, Science Curriculum, Questionnaires
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Abduljabbar, Adel Salah; Parker, Philip D.; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Abdelfattah, Faisal; Nagengast, Benjamin; Möller, Jens; Abu-Hilal, Maher M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
The internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model and dimensional comparison theory posit paradoxical relations between achievement (ACH) and self-concept (SC) in mathematics (M) and verbal (V) domains; ACH in each domain positively affects SC in the matching domain (e.g., MACH to MSC) but negatively in the nonmatching domain (e.g., MACH to…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Cultural Differences, Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Abduljabbar, Adel Salah; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Parker, Philip; Abdelfattah, Faisal; Nagengast, Benjamin; Abu-Hilal, Maher M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Extensive support for the seemingly paradoxical negative effects of school- and class-average achievement on academic self-concept (ASC)-the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE)--is based largely on secondary students in Western countries or on cross-cultural Program for International Student Assessment studies. There is little research testing the…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Secondary School Students, Social Influences, Elementary School Students
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Huang, Hung-Yu; Wang, Wen-Chung – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2014
In the social sciences, latent traits often have a hierarchical structure, and data can be sampled from multiple levels. Both hierarchical latent traits and multilevel data can occur simultaneously. In this study, we developed a general class of item response theory models to accommodate both hierarchical latent traits and multilevel data. The…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Computation, Test Reliability
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Kablan, Zeynel; Kaya, Sibel – Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 2013
Problem Statement: The interest in raising levels of achievement in math and science has led to a focus on investigating the factors that shape achievement in these subjects. Understanding how different learning styles might influence science achievement may guide educators in their efforts to raise achievement. This study is an attempt to examine…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Grade 8, Science Tests, Statistical Analysis
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Zhu, Yan; Leung, Frederick Koon Shing – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2012
Though it is generally believed that doing homework promotes better learning, no consensus has been achieved concerning its importance and relevance to students' achievement. The historical up-and-down status of public attitudes toward homework indicates that understanding about the role of homework in students' learning is far from comprehensive…
Descriptors: Homework, Mathematics Achievement, Academic Achievement, Educational Practices