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Showing 1 to 15 of 30 results Save | Export
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Banerjee, Neena – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2018
The United States is facing culture gaps between students and teachers in schools. Although the U.S. school-age population is racially, culturally, and linguistically diverse, the teachers are predominantly White. This article investigates whether assignment to same-race teachers affects students' math and reading achievement growth in early…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Minority Group Students, Diversity (Faculty), Racial Factors
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Redford, Jeremy; Burns, Stephanie; Hall, L. Jane – National Center for Education Statistics, 2018
This Statistics in Brief investigates some factors that may contribute to achievement gaps in the summer after kindergarten, including differences in children's experiences, such as participation in summer care arrangements, programs, and activities. Specifically, the brief describes students' summer nonparental care arrangements, program…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Student Characteristics
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Park, Sira; Holloway, Susan D. – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
Policymakers view parental involvement (PI) as a crucial component of school reform efforts, but evidence of its effect on student achievement is equivocal. Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort dataset, we examined the long-term impact on student- and school-level achievement of three types of school-based PI: PI to…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Parent Participation, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Reading Achievement
Kowalczyk, Courtney Lynne – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Children participating in kindergarten programming across the United States are expected to perform at a higher level than ever before. Many of these children are unprepared and developmentally unready for the academic tasks that await them. Researchers have shown that an older age at the start of kindergarten is a predictor of academic…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Entrance Age, Correlation, Preschool Education
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Li, Angran; Fischer, Mary J. – Sociology of Education, 2017
This article examines the relationship between parental networks and parental school involvement during the elementary school years. Using a large, nationally representative data set of elementary school students--the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort--and contextual data from the 2000 U.S. Census, our multilevel analysis…
Descriptors: Correlation, Social Networks, Network Analysis, Elementary School Students
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Dempsey, Ian; Valentine, Megan; Colyvas, Kim – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2016
Determining the effectiveness of many special education interventions is most difficult because of the practical and ethical limitations associated with assigning participants to a control or non-treated group. Using Longitudinal Study of Australian Children data, this article utilised eight different propensity score analysis methods to determine…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Special Education, Student Needs, Longitudinal Studies
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Davis, Tomeka M. – Race, Ethnicity and Education, 2016
As the number of biracial individuals in the US continues to grow, so does research focused on them. While some of this literature examines how biracials fare on a host of social outcomes, little research examines whether part-white biracials are able to use their whiteness as a resource to gain additional resources or rewards. This research seeks…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, Multiracial Persons, Social Capital, Whites
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Keller, Bryan; Tipton, Elizabeth – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2016
In this article, we review four software packages for implementing propensity score analysis in R: "Matching, MatchIt, PSAgraphics," and "twang." After briefly discussing essential elements for propensity score analysis, we apply each package to a data set from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study in order to estimate the…
Descriptors: Computer Software, Probability, Statistical Analysis, Longitudinal Studies
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Gottfried, Michael; Le, Vi-Nhuan; Datar, Ashlesha – Journal of Educational Research, 2016
In evaluating the role of kindergarten entry age, previous researchers have not examined the entry-age effects for English language learners (ELL). Additionally, little work has assessed the role of entry age on both achievement and social-emotional outcomes. This study is the first to do both simultaneously. The authors used data from a…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Kindergarten, School Entrance Age, Outcomes of Education
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Anderson, Jeffrey A.; Howland, Allison A.; McCoach, D. Betsy – Preventing School Failure, 2015
Even with increased risks, many children demonstrate resiliency and avoid being labeled for special education; however, research on risk and resilience has been problematic because of inadequate statistical models, limitations of available data, and the exclusion of key protective factors. This study used a national sample to examine the influence…
Descriptors: Parents, Individual Characteristics, Special Education, Resilience (Psychology)
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Harven, Aletha – Journal of Educational Research, 2015
The authors explored how classroom gender composition moderated the relationship between having classmates with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) and peers' academic achievement in both kindergarten and Grade 1 classrooms. Given the behavioral and social-cognitive styles of girls, it was hypothesized that classrooms with a higher percentage…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Gender Issues, Peer Relationship, Emotional Disturbances
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Puccioni, Jaime – Journal of Educational Research, 2015
The author empirically tests the conceptual model of academic socialization, which suggests that parental cognitions about schooling influence parenting practices and child outcomes during the transition to school (Taylor, Clayton, & Rowley, 2004). More specifically, the author examines associations among parents' conceptions of school…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Parent Attitudes, Parents, Socialization
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Quinn, David M.; Cooc, North – Educational Researcher, 2015
Research on science achievement disparities by gender and race/ethnicity often neglects the beginning of the pipeline in the early grades. We address this limitation using nationally representative data following students from Grades 3 to 8. We find that the Black-White science test score gap (-1.07 SD in Grade 3) remains stable over these years,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Science Achievement, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
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Datar, Ashlesha; Gottfried, Michael A. – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2015
Prior research evaluating school entry age effects has largely overlooked the effects on social-behavioral skills despite the growing recognition of returns to such skills. This study is the first to examine the effects of kindergarten entry age on children's social-behavioral outcomes using 9 years of panel data on a national sample of U.S.…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Child Behavior, Interpersonal Competence, Kindergarten
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