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Showing 1 to 15 of 206 results Save | Export
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Finch, W. Holmes; Finch, Maria Hernández – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Single subject (SS) designs are popular in educational and psychological research. There exist several statistical techniques designed to analyze such data and to address the question of whether an intervention has the desired impact. Recently, researchers have suggested that generalized additive models (GAMs) might be useful for modeling…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Longitudinal Studies, Simulation, Models
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Osana, Helena P.; Przednowek, Katarzyna; Cooperman, Allyson; Adrien, Emmanuelle – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
The effects of prior encodings of manipulatives (red and blue plastic chips) on children's ability to use them as representations of quantity were tested. First graders (N = 73) were assigned to four conditions in which the encoding of plastic chips was experimentally manipulated. All children then participated in an addition activity that relied…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Manipulative Materials, Cognitive Processes
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Ning, Ling; Luo, Wen – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Piecewise GMM with unknown turning points is a new procedure to investigate heterogeneous subpopulations' growth trajectories consisting of distinct developmental phases. Unlike the conventional PGMM, which relies on theory or experiment design to specify turning points a priori, the new procedure allows for an optimal location of turning points…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Models, Classification, Comparative Analysis
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Klapproth, Florian; Kärchner, Henrike; Glock, Sabine – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
The results of two experiments demonstrate that preservice teachers made biased school-placement recommendations depending on student's ethnicity, which on average penalized students from an ethnic minority. Moreover, additional information that was supposed to disconfirm ethnic stereotypes (religious affiliation in Experiment 1, number of missed…
Descriptors: Religion, Beliefs, Preservice Teachers, Ethnicity
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Mantzicopoulos, Panayota; Patrick, Helen; Strati, Anna; Watson, Jesse S. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
We investigated the premise that observation measures of instruction are indicators of effective teaching, using the definition of effectiveness articulated by departments of education: teaching that boosts student achievement. We argued that student motivation is equally as important as achievement in the evaluation of teaching effectiveness…
Descriptors: Observation, Teacher Effectiveness, Kindergarten, Preschool Teachers
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Assor, Avi; Feinberg, Ofra; Kanat-Maymon, Yaniv; Kaplan, Haya – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
This paper presents and examines the first school change program focusing on violence and caring based on self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2012). The program aimed at promoting teachers' capacity to cope with violence and enhance caring without becoming more controlling. Comparisons of the effects of a 22-month-long program in three…
Descriptors: Violence, Intervention, Coping, Caring
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Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron E.; Lin, Shuqiong; Gao, Zan; Francis, Xueying – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Two hundred forty-six students (132 boys, 114 girls) were tracked from fifth to eighth grades, and changes in gender stereotypes about running as a male sport, running performance, interest in running, and intention for future running participation were assessed. Results revealed that neither sex held gender stereotypes about running as a male…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Sex Stereotypes, Sex Role, Student Interests
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Seo, Eunjin; Patall, Erika A.; Henderson, Marlone D.; Steingut, Rebecca R. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Self-set goals, selected by students for themselves, have known motivational benefits leading to increased autonomy and intrinsic motivation. In spite of the motivational benefits, students often fail to accomplish self-set goals because they lack the social motivator ascribed to assigned goals. The purpose of this research was to investigate…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Student Motivation, Intention, Undergraduate Students
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Won, Sungjun; Wolters, Christopher A.; Mueller, Stefanie A. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
We examined two aspects of college students' (N = 385) sense of belonging and its relations with three indicators of self-regulated learning. We also tested the mediating role of achievement goals in these relations. One aspect, sense of belonging to school, functioned as a significant predictor of self-reported metacognitive and academic time…
Descriptors: Sense of Community, College Students, Time Management, Peer Groups
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Mara, Constance A.; Cribbie, Robert A. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Researchers are often interested in establishing equivalence of population variances. Traditional difference-based procedures are appropriate to answer questions about differences in some statistic (e.g., variances, etc.). However, if a researcher is interested in evaluating the equivalence of population variances, it is more appropriate to use a…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Differences, Comparative Analysis, Research Problems
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Gugiu, Cristian; Gugiu, Mihaiela – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
The 0.70 and 0.80 reliability standards, proposed by Jum Nunnally, are widely employed across a spectrum of research domains. Nonetheless, due to their arbitrary nature, both standards fail to satisfy the needs of researchers. This paper presents a set of formulas that can be used to compute minimum reliability standards as a function of a…
Descriptors: Reliability, Standards, Mathematical Formulas, Generalizability Theory
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Shukla, Kathan; Konold, Timothy – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Insincere respondents can have an adverse impact on the validity of substantive inferences arising from self-administered questionnaires (SAQs). The current study introduces a new method for identifying potentially invalid respondents from their atypical response patterns. The two-step procedure involves generating a response inconsistency (RI)…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Validity, Response Style (Tests), Reliability
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Ngu, Bing Hiong; Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Phan, Huy P.; Hong, Kian Sam; Usop, Hasbee – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
In an experiment, secondary students from Australia and Malaysia (n = 130) were randomly assigned to one of three approaches (equation, unitary, unitary-pictorial) to learn how to solve challenging percentage-change problems. In line with the differential types of cognitive load associated with the three approaches, the unitary-approach group…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Cross Cultural Studies
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Hefter, Markus H.; Renkl, Alexander; Riess, Werner; Schmid, Sebastian; Fries, Stefan; Berthold, Kirsten – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Argumentative thinking requires not only the "skill" to apply argumentative strategies such as supporting theories with evidence but also the "will" to apply these strategies by considering argumentative thinking to be both reasonable and worthwhile. Focusing on direct instruction for the initial acquisition of both skill and…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Intervention, Thinking Skills, Computer Assisted Instruction
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Lachner, Andreas; Ly, Kim-Tek; Nückles, Matthias – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Learning-by-explaining (to fictitious others) has been shown to be an effective instructional method to support students' generative learning. In this study, we investigated differential effects of the modality of explaining (written versus oral) on students' quality of explanations and learning. Forty-eight students worked on a hypertext about…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, Writing (Composition), Speech Communication
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