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Schneider, Sascha; Dyrna, Jonathan; Meier, Luis; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Decorative pictures, which make a learning text aesthetically appealing rather than provide information, have been predominantly found to impair learning by an increase of learning-irrelevant cognitive processes. Recent research, however, indicates that this effect is moderated by various factors. On the basis of cognitive-affective theories and…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Multimedia Instruction, Multimedia Materials, Instructional Materials
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Wang, Fuxing; Li, Wenjing; Mayer, Richard E.; Liu, Huashan – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The goal of the present study is to determine how to incorporate social cues such as gesturing in animated pedagogical agents (PAs) for online multimedia lessons in ways that promote student learning. In 3 experiments, college students learned about synaptic transmission from a multimedia narrated presentation while their eye movements were…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Multimedia Instruction, Cues, Nonverbal Communication
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Schneider, Sascha; Nebel, Steve; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
When people attribute human characteristics to nonhuman objects they are amenable to anthropomorphism. For example, human faces or the insertion of personalized labels are found to trigger anthropomorphism. Two studies examine the effects of these features when included in decorative pictures in multimedia learning materials. In a first…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Multimedia Materials, Instructional Materials, College Students
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Patall, Erika A.; Steingut, Rebecca R.; Vasquez, Ariana C.; Trimble, Scott S.; Pituch, Keenan A.; Freeman, Jen L. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
This diary study provided the first classroom-based empirical test of the relations between student perceptions of high school science teachers' various autonomy supporting and thwarting practices and students' motivation and engagement on a daily basis over the course of an instructional unit. Perceived autonomy supporting practices were…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Learner Engagement, Secondary School Science, Science Instruction
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Laninga-Wijnen, Lydia; Ryan, Allison M.; Harakeh, Zeena; Shin, Huiyoung; Vollebergh, Wilma A. M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
This research investigated whether classroom-based peer norms for achievement goals moderate friendship selection, maintenance and influence processes related to academic achievement in 46 Grade 5 and Grade 6 classrooms (N = 901, 58.7% Grade 5 students, 48.5% boys). A distinction was made between peer norms for mastery (i.e., developing…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Grade 6, Social Networks, Network Analysis
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Ruan, Yufang; Georgiou, George K.; Song, Shuang; Li, Yixun; Shu, Hua – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Differences in how writing systems represent language raise important questions about the extent to which the role of linguistic skills such as phonological awareness (PA) and morphological awareness (MA) in reading is universal. In this meta-analysis, the authors examined the relationship between PA, MA, and reading (accuracy, fluency, and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Morphology (Languages), Phonological Awareness, Accuracy
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Lee, Hee Seung; Ahn, Dahwi – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The forward effect of testing occurs when testing on previously studied information facilitates subsequent learning. The present research investigated whether interim testing on initially studied materials enhances the learning of new materials in category learning and examined the metacognitive judgments of such learning. Across the 4…
Descriptors: Testing, Student Evaluation, Learning Processes, Metacognition
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Fyfe, Emily R.; Matthews, Percival G.; Amsel, Eric; McEldoon, Katherine L.; McNeil, Nicole M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
A central understanding in mathematics is knowledge of "math equivalence," the relation indicating that 2 quantities are equal and interchangeable. Decades of research have documented elementary-school (ages 7 to 11) children's (mis)understanding of math equivalence, and recent work has developed a construct map and comprehensive…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Algebra, Mathematical Concepts, Misconceptions
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The authors tested theoretically driven predictions as to the ways in which syntactic awareness, or awareness of word order within sentences, might contribute to reading comprehension, the end goal of reading development and instruction. They conducted a longitudinal study of 100 English-speaking children followed from Grade 3 to 4. Children…
Descriptors: Syntax, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Prediction
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Bouwer, Renske; Koster, Monica; van den Bergh, Huub – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
In this study, the authors tested the effects of Tekster [Texter], a comprehensive strategy-focused writing instruction program, using a switching replication design with three measurement occassions. The program was implemented by fourth, fifth, and sixth grade teachers (N = 76) in 60 general education classrooms in the Netherlands. Students (n =…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, Writing Skills, Writing Instruction
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Zimmermann, Friederike; Möller, Jens; Köller, Olaf – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The internal/external frame of reference model (I/E model) posits that individuals' achievement-related self-concepts are formed through social comparisons (e.g., self vs. peers) within academic domains and dimensional comparisons (e.g., math vs. verbal) between distinct domains. A large body of research has supported the theorized pattern of…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation of Teacher Performance, Teacher Competencies, Self Concept, Grade 7
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DiPerna, James Clyde; Lei, Puiwa; Cheng, Weiyi; Hart, Susan Crandall; Bellinger, Jillian – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a universal social skills program, the Social Skills Improvement System Classwide Intervention Program (SSIS-CIP; Elliott & Gresham, 2007), for students in first grade. Classrooms from 6 elementary schools were randomly assigned to treatment or business-as-usual control conditions.…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Interpersonal Competence, Social Development, Elementary School Students
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Kim, Yeonwoo; Calzada, Esther J.; Barajas-Gonzalez, R. Gabriela; Huang, Keng-Yen; Brotman, Laurie M.; Castro, Ashley; Pichardo, Catherine – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Early academic achievement has been shown to predict high school completion, but there have been few studies of the predictors of early academic success focused on Latino students. Using longitudinal data from 750 Mexican and Dominican American families, this study examined a cultural model of parenting and early academic achievement. While Latino…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parenting Styles, Hispanic American Students, Academic Achievement
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Martin, Andrew J.; Lazendic, Goran – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The present study investigated the implications of computer-adaptive testing (operationalized by way of multistage adaptive testing; MAT) and "conventional" fixed order computer testing for various test-relevant outcomes in numeracy, including achievement, test-relevant motivation and engagement, and subjective test experience. It did so…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Gender Differences
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Browne, Dillon T.; Wade, Mark; Prime, Heather; Jenkins, Jennifer M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
There is an ongoing need for literature that identifies the effects of broad contextual risk on school readiness outcomes via family mediating mechanisms. This is especially true amongst diverse and urban samples characterized by variability in immigration history. To address this limitation, family profiles of sociodemographic and contextual risk…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Readiness, Urban Areas, Family Characteristics
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