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Price, Heather E.; Weatherby, Kristen – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2018
To better understand the status of the teaching profession, we present a conceptual framework outlining the 4 domains of knowledge-worker professionals: professional benchmarks, professional discretion, room for promotion, and workplace conditions and use the TALIS 2013 survey data to show that these domains exist globally and vary within…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Employees, Professional Services, Knowledge Management
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Kim, Sunae; Paulus, Markus; Sodian, Beate; Itakura, Shoji; Ueno, Mika; Senju, Atsushi; Proust, Joëlle – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Despite an increasing number of studies demonstrating that young children selectively learn from others, and a few studies of children's selective teaching, the evidence almost exclusively comes from Western cultures, and cross-cultural comparison in this line of work is very rare. In the present research, we investigated Japanese and German…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Interpersonal Relationship, Teaching Skills, Learning Processes
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Siegel, Joseph; Broadbridge, James – Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 2018
The linguistic, social, and intercultural benefits of overseas experiences for English as a foreign language (EFL) learners continue to gain attention as the significance of English as a lingua franca proliferates. As the use of English for international communication increases, it is important to examine such interactions from multiple…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Study Abroad
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Yasuda, Jun-ichro; Mae, Naohiro; Hull, Michael M.; Taniguchi, Masa-aki – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2018
In this study, we analyze the systematic error from false positives of the Force Concept Inventory (FCI). We compare the systematic errors of question 6 (Q.6), Q.7, and Q.16, for which clearly erroneous reasoning has been found, with Q.5, for which clearly erroneous reasoning has not been found. We determine whether or not a correct response to a…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Science Instruction, College Science, Physics
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Kelsen, Brent; Flowers, Simeon – International Journal on E-Learning, 2018
Personality traits are believed to affect both learner ability and group dynamics and cohesion. Another central element influencing how individuals perform in group settings stems from their motivation to collaborate. This article explores the relationship between personality traits, motivation for collaboration and participation of university…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Personality Traits, Student Motivation, Cooperative Learning
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Fryer, Luke K.; Vermunt, Jan D. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Background: Contemporary models of student learning within higher education are often inclusive of processing and regulation strategies. Considerable research has examined their use over time and their (person-centred) convergence. The longitudinal stability/variability of learning strategy use, however, is poorly understood, but essential to…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Longitudinal Studies, Foreign Countries, Student Surveys
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Nagamatsu, Miyuki; Ooshige, Narumi; Goto, Tomoko; Shimazaki, Azusa – Journal of School Violence, 2018
This study examined factors related to sexual assault among early adolescents in Japan. During a 6-month period, an anonymous questionnaire survey was distributed to 1,246 students ages 13-15 years at eight junior high schools. Consent to participation in this study was obtained from a total of 1,125 (90.3%) students. It was found that the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Adolescents, Sexual Abuse, Questionnaires
Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
Kakarmath, Sujay; Denis, Vanessa; Encinas-Martin, Marta; Borgonovi, Francesca; Subramanian, S. V. – OECD Publishing, 2018
We assess the relationship between general literacy skills and health status by analysing data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), an international survey of about 250,000 adults aged 16-65 years conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from 2011-15 in 33…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Health, International Assessment
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Yashima, Tomoko; MacIntyre, Peter D.; Ikeda, Maiko – Language Teaching Research, 2018
Recently, situated willingness to communicate (WTC) has received increasing research attention in addition to traditional quantitative studies of trait-like WTC. This article is an addition to the former but unique in two ways. First, it investigates both trait and state WTC in a classroom context and explores ways to combine the two to reach a…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, College Students
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Kamiya, Nobuhiro – Language Teaching Research, 2018
This study investigated how learners' ages affect their interpretation of the nonverbal behaviors (NVBs) of teachers and other students in distinguishing between questions and statements in the second language (L2) classroom. After watching 48 short video clips without sound in which three L2 teachers asked a question or made a statement with or…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Nonverbal Communication, Elementary School Students, Second Language Learning
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Yamagata, Satoshi – Language Teaching Research, 2018
The present study investigated the effects of two types of core-image-based basic verb learning approaches: the learner-centered and the teacher-centered approaches. The learner-centered approach was an activity in which participants found semantic relationships among several definitions of each basic target verb through a picture-elucidated card…
Descriptors: Verbs, English (Second Language), Questionnaires, Accuracy
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Dilenschneider, Robert Francis – ReCALL, 2018
This study investigated three look-up conditions for language learners to learn unknown target words and comprehend a reading passage when their attention is transferred away to an on-line dictionary. The research questions focused on how each look-up condition impacted the recall and recognition of word forms, word meanings, and passage…
Descriptors: Dictionaries, Reading Comprehension, Spelling, Definitions
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Umemura, Tomotaka; Watanabe, Manami; Tazuke, Kohei; Asada-Hirano, Shintaro; Kudo, Shimpei – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The universality of secure base construct, which suggests that one's use of an attachment figure as a secure base from which to explore the environment is an evolutionary outcome, is one of the core ideas of attachment theory. However, this universality idea has been critiqued because exploration is not as valued in Japanese culture as it is in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Adults, Attachment Behavior, Asian Culture
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Hirakawa, Yoshihisa; Uemura, Mayu Yasuda; Chiang, Chifa; Aoyama, Atsuko – Educational Gerontology, 2018
The purpose of this study is twofold: to assess the acceptance and usefulness of Nagoya University Small Private Online Courses, which is an online end-of-life care educational program through popular social media designed to supplement traditional end-of-life care education among healthcare professionals and to get constructive feedback with the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Program Effectiveness, Online Courses, Death
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