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Newman, Ian R.; Gibb, Maia; Thompson, Valerie A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
It is commonly assumed that belief-based reasoning is fast and automatic, whereas rule-based reasoning is slower and more effortful. Dual-Process theories of reasoning rely on this speed-asymmetry explanation to account for a number of reasoning phenomena, such as base-rate neglect and belief-bias. The goal of the current study was to test this…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Beliefs, Bias, Problem Solving
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Dassanayake, Wijaya; Springett, Jane; Shewring, Tania – Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 2017
In this paper, we examine the impact of adopting a comprehensive school health (CSH) approach on reducing anxiety and depression of school-age children. We use the data from 245 schools that received government funding support to adopt a CSH approach in order to build health promoting school environments in Alberta. Using a linear multi-level…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Depression (Psychology), Health Promotion, Foreign Countries
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Besnard, Thérèse; Letarte, Marie-Josée – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2017
It is believed children stand to benefit from a greater male teacher presence in early childhood education (ECE) where, internationally, the vast majority of ECE teachers are female. This study (N = 180) examines the relationship between children's social adaptation and the educational practices of 53 ECE teachers, 23 (44%) of which were male.…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Early Childhood Education, Teaching Methods, Student Adjustment
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Saindon, Mathieu R.; Trehub, Sandra E.; Schellenberg, E. Glenn; van Lieshout, Pascal H. H. M. – Language Learning and Development, 2017
Terminal changes in fundamental frequency provide the most salient acoustic cues to declarative questions, but adults sometimes identify such questions from pre-terminal cues. In the present study, adults and 7- to 10-year-old children judged a single speaker's adult- and child-directed utterances as questions or statements in a gating task with…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Cues, Adults, Children
Steighner, Tammy Rose – ProQuest LLC, 2017
The purpose of the study was to determine nursing students' perceptions of patient safety competencies as it related to Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) competencies and the Safety Competencies Framework developed by The Canadian Patient Safety Institute. The study determined if nursing students knew how to provide safe patient care…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Nursing Students, College Students, Student Attitudes
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Cunningham, Charles E.; Zipursky, Robert B.; Christensen, Bruce K.; Bieling, Peter J.; Madsen, Victoria; Rimas, Heather; Mielko, Stephanie; Wilson, Fiona; Furimsky, Ivana; Jeffs, Lisa; Munn, Catharine – Journal of American College Health, 2017
Objective: We modeled design factors influencing the intent to use a university mental health service. Participants: Between November 2012 and October 2014, 909 undergraduates participated. Method: Using a discrete choice experiment, participants chose between hypothetical campus mental health services. Results: Latent class analysis identified…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Health Services, Undergraduate Students, Psychiatry
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Bradshaw, Kathlyn; Parchoma, Gale; Lock, Jennifer – Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 2017
This article considers formal and informal learning activities in massive open online courses (MOOCs). MOOCs are often broadly positioned as either cMOOCs (based on connectivistic pedagogies) or xMOOCs (based on cognitivistic/behavioristic pedagogies). In a recent "International Review of Research in Open and Distance" article, Anders…
Descriptors: Conventional Instruction, Informal Education, Online Courses, Learning Activities
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Seifert, Tricia A.; Moore, Kathleen; Beaulieu, Jacqueline; Arnold, Christine H. – Strategic Enrollment Management Quarterly, 2017
In its earliest form, Strategic Enrollment Management (SEM) focused on recruiting students, but soon included a focus on student success, defined in terms of retention and graduation. Several researchers have noted that developing effective student services, as well as establishing strong lines of communications across departments, are key…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Enrollment Management, Undergraduate Students, Colleges
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Goldhammer, Frank; Martens, Thomas; Lüdtke, Oliver – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: A potential problem of low-stakes large-scale assessments such as the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) is low test-taking engagement. The present study pursued two goals in order to better understand conditioning factors of test-taking disengagement: First, a model-based approach was used to…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, International Assessment, Adults, Competence
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Massing, Natascha; Schneider, Silke L. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Educational qualifications and literacy skills are highly related. This is not surprising as it is one aim of educational systems to equip individuals with competencies necessary to take part in society. Because of this relationship educational qualifications are often used as a proxy for "human capital". However, from a…
Descriptors: Qualifications, Educational Attainment, Adult Literacy, Human Capital
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Bundsgaard, Jeppe; Gerick, Julia – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Previous studies have shown that there is a complex relationship between students' computer and information literacy (CIL) and their use of information and communication technologies (ICT) for both recreational and school use. Methods: This study seeks to dig deeper into these complex relations by identifying different patterns of…
Descriptors: Technological Literacy, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Leisure Time
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Hampf, Franziska; Wiederhold, Simon; Woessmann, Ludger – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Ample evidence indicates that a person's human capital is important for success on the labor market in terms of both wages and employment prospects. However, unlike the efforts to identify the impact of school attainment on labor-market outcomes, the literature on returns to cognitive skills has not yet provided convincing evidence that the…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Human Capital, Labor Market, Income
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Gorges, Julia; Koch, Tobias; Maehler, Débora B.; Offerhaus, Judith – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) revealed that countries systematically differ in their respondents' literacy, numeracy, and problem solving in technology-rich environments skills; skill levels also vary by gender, age, level of education or migration background. Similarly,…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Adults, Learning Motivation, Measures (Individuals)
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Ottaway, Kristine; Murrant, Coral; Ritchie, Kerry – Advances in Physiology Education, 2017
Self-reports suggest >50% of university students cheat at some point in their academic career (Christensen Hughes JM, McCabe DL. "Can J High Educ" 36: 49-63, 2006), although objective values of academic misconduct (AM) are difficult to obtain. In a physiology-based department, we had a concern that students were altering written tests…
Descriptors: College Students, Cheating, Ethics, Physiology
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Kasparian, Kristina; Vespignani, Francesco; Steinhauer, Karsten – Cognitive Science, 2017
First language (L1) attrition in adulthood offers new insight on neuroplasticity and the role of language experience in shaping neurocognitive responses to language. Attriters are multilinguals for whom advancing L2 proficiency comes at the cost of the L1, as they experience a shift in exposure and dominance (e.g., due to immigration). To date,…
Descriptors: Native Language, Italian, Language Skill Attrition, Language Processing
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