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Showing 1 to 15 of 180 results Save | Export
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Polotskaia, Elena; Savard, Annie – Research in Mathematics Education, 2018
Pupils' difficulties in solving word problems continue to attract attention: while researchers highlight the importance of relational reasoning and modelling, school curricula typically use short word problems to develop pupils' knowledge of arithmetic operations and calculation strategies. The Relational Paradigm attributes the leading role in…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Grade 2, Experimental Groups
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Jorgensen, Mary; Budd, Jillian; Fichten, Catherine S.; Nguyen, Mai N.; Havel, Alice – International Journal of Higher Education, 2018
This study's goal was to compare aspects related to academic persistence of two groups of college students with non-visible disabilities: 110 Canadian two and four-year college students--55 with mental health related disabilities and 55 with Specific Learning Disorder (LD). Results show that students with mental health related disabilities were…
Descriptors: College Students, Learning Disabilities, Academic Persistence, Mental Health
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Osana, Helena P.; Przednowek, Katarzyna; Cooperman, Allyson; Adrien, Emmanuelle – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
The effects of prior encodings of manipulatives (red and blue plastic chips) on children's ability to use them as representations of quantity were tested. First graders (N = 73) were assigned to four conditions in which the encoding of plastic chips was experimentally manipulated. All children then participated in an addition activity that relied…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Manipulative Materials, Cognitive Processes
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Atance, Cristina M.; Caza, Julian S. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
An important aspect of perspective-taking ability is the appreciation that mental states such as beliefs, desires, and knowledge change over time. The current study focused specifically on 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds' understanding that they will have knowledge in the future that they do not currently possess--for example, that when they are…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Evaluative Thinking, Knowledge Level, Change
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Sacrey, Lori-Ann R.; Bryson, Susan; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Brian, Jessica; Smith, Isabel M.; Roberts, Wendy; Szatmari, Peter; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Roncadin, Caroline; Garon, Nancy – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
This study examined whether a novel parent-report questionnaire, the Autism Parent Screen for Infants, could differentiate infants subsequently diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder from a high-risk cohort (siblings of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (n = 66)) from high-risk and low-risk comparison infants (no family history of…
Descriptors: Autism, Infants, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
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Chen, Xinyin; Fu, Rui; Liu, Junsheng; Wang, Li; Zarbatany, Lynne; Ellis, Wendy – Developmental Psychology, 2018
This study examined relations of social sensitivity to social, school, and psychological adjustment in rural Chinese, urban Chinese, and Canadian children. Participants were 4th to 6th grade students (M[subscript age] = 11 years) in China (n = 593 and 443 for the rural and urban samples) and Canada (n = 325). A self-report measure of social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Competence, Peer Relationship, Social Adjustment
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Cochrane, Brett A.; Nwabuike, Andrea A.; Thomson, David R.; Milliken, Bruce – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Maljkovic and Nakayama (1994) found that pop-out search performance is more efficient when a singleton target feature repeats rather than switches from 1 trial to the next--an effect known as priming of pop-out (PoP). They also reported findings indicating that the PoP effect is strongly automatic, as it was unaffected by knowledge of the upcoming…
Descriptors: Imagery, Priming, Visual Stimuli, Color
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Browne, Dillon T.; Wade, Mark; Plamondon, Andre; Leckie, George; Perlman, Michal; Madigan, Sheri; Jenkins, Jennifer M. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The present study examined the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) and sibling differences in birth weight on sibling differences in the receipt of maternal sensitivity (i.e., differential parenting). It was hypothesized that sibling differences in birth weight would predict "absolute" differential parenting across the sibship (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Children, Context Effect, Siblings, Body Weight
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Pandya, Samta P. – Religious Education, 2018
Based on a one-year longitudinal experimental study with 3,782 kindergarten school children across 15 countries, this article examines the association between prayer and happiness. Results show that the post-test scores on the faces scale were higher for the participant group who had taken the prayer lessons vis-à-vis the comparison group.…
Descriptors: Scores, Cross Cultural Studies, Christianity, Pretests Posttests
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Ten Eycke, Kayla D.; Müller, Ulrich – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Little is known about the relation between cognitive processes and imagination and whether this relation differs between neurotypically developing children and children with autism. To address this issue, we administered a cognitive task battery and Karmiloff-Smith's drawing task, which requires children to draw imaginative people and houses. For…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Executive Function
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Mady, Callie – Language and Intercultural Communication, 2018
This study seeks to examine the success of voluntary immigrants in Grade 6 French immersion with a double comparison to Canadian-born (a) Anglophones and (b) multilingual students (children of voluntary immigrants). The findings, that show the immigrant students to outperform the other two groups in French and English, are explored through a…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, French, Immersion Programs, Immigrants
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Finch, David; Falkenberg, Loren; McLaren, Patricia Genoe; Rondeau, Kent V.; O'Reilly, Norm – Industry and Higher Education, 2018
The tension between the rigour and the relevance of higher education research remains an important and hotly contested topic among scholars, administrators, practitioners and policymakers. This debate is most evident in professional programmes in which scholars are challenged to pursue new knowledge independent of its immediate relevance to…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Knowledge Management, Relevance (Education)
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Sá, Elisabete; Dias, Diana; Sá, Maria José – Journal of Further and Higher Education, 2018
The role of the university in society and the economy is evolving. Universities produce knowledge that promotes technological developments, which are, in turn, critical to economic growth and competitiveness in the global economy. Therefore, it is increasingly expected that universities become more entrepreneurial and assume this third mission in…
Descriptors: Entrepreneurship, Foreign Countries, Transfer of Training, Comparative Analysis
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Monk, Jennifer M.; Newton, Genevieve – International Journal of Higher Education, 2018
We investigated whether the implementation of a scaffolded case study assignment could increase student perceptions of their scientific literacy (SL) skills in a third year Nutritional Science course. The change in students' SL perceptions were assessed by the completion of two surveys (administered at the start and end of the semester) consisting…
Descriptors: Scientific Literacy, Nutrition Instruction, Undergraduate Students, Student Attitudes
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McKie, Greg L.; Islam, Hashim; Townsend, Logan K.; Howe, Greg J.; Hazell, Tom J. – Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2018
This study examined the validity and reliability of a 30-second running sprint test using two non-motorized treadmills compared to the established Wingate Anaerobic Test. Twenty-four participants completed three sessions in a randomized order on a: (1) manual mode treadmill (Woodway); (2) specialized interval training treadmill (HiTrainer); and…
Descriptors: Exercise, Physical Activities, Correlation, Exercise Physiology
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