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Showing 1 to 15 of 61 results Save | Export
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Adamuti-Trache, Maria; Anisef, Paul; Sweet, Robert – Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, 2018
Immigrant women to Canada face unique challenges in gaining mastery of English or French, the country's two official languages. The study focuses on differences "among women" with respect to pre-migration and post-migration characteristics that position them differently with respect to language learning in the social contexts where they…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Learning Strategies, Immigrants, Longitudinal Studies
Kakarmath, Sujay; Denis, Vanessa; Encinas-Martin, Marta; Borgonovi, Francesca; Subramanian, S. V. – OECD Publishing, 2018
We assess the relationship between general literacy skills and health status by analysing data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), an international survey of about 250,000 adults aged 16-65 years conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from 2011-15 in 33…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Health, International Assessment
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Spadafora, Natalie; Farrell, Ann H.; Provenzano, Daniel A.; Marini, Zopito A.; Volk, Anthony A. – Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 2018
Incivility involves rude, discourteous, and disrespectful attitudes and behaviours. The present study examined how various temperament traits were related to beliefs of classroom incivility among adolescents. The sample comprised of 222 adolescents (120 boys) between the ages of 12 and 17 (M[superscript age] = 14.07, SD = 1.54) who were recruited…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Interpersonal Relationship, Individual Differences, Adolescents
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Atance, Cristina M.; Caza, Julian S. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
An important aspect of perspective-taking ability is the appreciation that mental states such as beliefs, desires, and knowledge change over time. The current study focused specifically on 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds' understanding that they will have knowledge in the future that they do not currently possess--for example, that when they are…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Evaluative Thinking, Knowledge Level, Change
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Khechine, Hager; Lakhal, Sawsen – Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 2018
Aim/Purpose: We aim to bring a better understanding of technology use in the educational context. More specifically, we investigate the determinants of webinar acceptance by university students and the effects of this acceptance on students' outcomes in the presence of personal characteristics such as anxiety, attitude, computer self-efficacy, and…
Descriptors: Technology Uses in Education, Anxiety, Student Attitudes, Self Efficacy
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Wade, Mark; Madigan, Sheri; Plamondon, Andre; Rodrigues, Michelle; Browne, Dillon; Jenkins, Jennifer M. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Previous studies have demonstrated that various psychosocial risks are associated with poor cognitive functioning in children, and these risks frequently cluster together. In the current longitudinal study, we tested a model in which it was hypothesized that cumulative psychosocial adversity of mothers would have deleterious effects on children's…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Hypothesis Testing, Mothers, Parent Influence
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Fang, Shichen; Galambos, Nancy L.; Johnson, Matthew D.; Krahn, Harvey J. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2018
Directional associations between civic engagement and happiness were explored with longitudinal data from a community sample surveyed four times from age 22 to 43 (n = 690). Autoregressive cross-lagged models, controlling for cross-time stabilities in happiness and civic engagement, examined whether happiness predicted future civic engagement,…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Adults, Citizen Participation, Psychological Patterns
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Özçelik, Öner – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
This article explores the role of transfer and Universal Grammar (UG) in second language (L2) phonology by investigating the L2 acquisition of stress/prominence in footless languages, such as Turkish and French, which have fixed word- and phrase-final prominence respectively. It is proposed that once the prosodic constituent Foot is projected in a…
Descriptors: Language Universals, Grammar, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Chittle, Laura; Horton, Sean; Dixon, Jess C. – High Ability Studies, 2018
Relative age effects (RAEs) explain the (dis)advantages individuals experience as a result of when they are born relative to a pre-determined cut-off date. Within an interuniversity setting, academic timing (AT) may moderate the RAE pattern due to some student-athletes having eligibility years that do not correspond with their birth years. The…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Foreign Countries, Age Differences
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McConnell-Nzunga, J.; Naylor, P. J.; Macdonald, H.; Rhodes, R. E.; Hofer, S. M.; McKay, H. – Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2018
Body mass index is a common proxy for proportion of body fat. However, body mass index may not classify youth similarly across ages and ethnicities. We used sex- and ethnic-specific receiver operating characteristic curves to determine how obesity classifications compared between body mass index and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry-based body fat…
Descriptors: Classification, Obesity, Ethnicity, Body Composition
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Krettenauer, Tobias; Victor, Rosemary – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Moral identity research to date has largely failed to provide evidence for developmental trends in moral identity, presumably because of restrictions in the age range of studies and the use of moral identity measures that are insensitive to age-related change. The present study investigated moral identity motivation across a broad age range (14-65…
Descriptors: Moral Development, Moral Values, Self Concept, Motivation
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Mehrani, Mehdi B.; Peterson, Carole – First Language, 2017
In the present cross-linguistic study two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of age and linguistic background on response tendencies of preschoolers toward forced-choice questions. A total of 163 2- to 5-year-old children, including 63 Persian speakers, 57 Kurdish speakers and 43 English speakers, were asked a set of…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Language Acquisition, English, Indo European Languages
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Ting, Victoria; Weiss, Jonathan A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often exhibit emotional problems, which can be associated with emotion regulation (ER) difficulties. Parent co-regulation is often associated with child ER and emotional problems, though little work has been done with reference to youth with ASD. This study investigated the association among parent…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Emotional Problems, Self Control
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Miller, Jonas G.; Kahle, Sarah; Hastings, Paul D. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Vagal tone is widely believed to be an important physiological aspect of emotion regulation and associated positive behaviors. However, there is inconsistent evidence for relations between children's baseline vagal tone and their helpful or prosocial responses to others (Hastings & Miller, 2014). Recent work in adults suggests a quadratic…
Descriptors: Neurology, Physiology, Emotional Response, Prosocial Behavior
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Krupar, Allyson; Horvatek, Renata; Byun, Soo-yong – Adult Education Quarterly: A Journal of Research and Theory, 2017
This article examined the relationship between participation in adult nonformal education (NFE), defined as on-the-job training, attending private lessons, attending seminars, or distance learning, and Canadian immigrant respondents' literacy and numeracy outcomes, using data from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies…
Descriptors: Nonformal Education, Adult Learning, On the Job Training, Seminars
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