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Price, Heather E.; Weatherby, Kristen – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2018
To better understand the status of the teaching profession, we present a conceptual framework outlining the 4 domains of knowledge-worker professionals: professional benchmarks, professional discretion, room for promotion, and workplace conditions and use the TALIS 2013 survey data to show that these domains exist globally and vary within…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Employees, Professional Services, Knowledge Management
Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
Kakarmath, Sujay; Denis, Vanessa; Encinas-Martin, Marta; Borgonovi, Francesca; Subramanian, S. V. – OECD Publishing, 2018
We assess the relationship between general literacy skills and health status by analysing data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), an international survey of about 250,000 adults aged 16-65 years conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from 2011-15 in 33…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Health, International Assessment
Borgonovi, Francesca; Pokropek, Artur – OECD Publishing, 2017
The paper examines between-country differences in the mechanisms through which education could promote generalised trust using data from 29 countries participating in the OECD's Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). Results indicate that education is strongly associated with generalised trust and that a large part of this association is mediated by…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), International Assessment, Educational Attainment, Literacy
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Hampf, Franziska; Wiederhold, Simon; Woessmann, Ludger – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Ample evidence indicates that a person's human capital is important for success on the labor market in terms of both wages and employment prospects. However, unlike the efforts to identify the impact of school attainment on labor-market outcomes, the literature on returns to cognitive skills has not yet provided convincing evidence that the…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Human Capital, Labor Market, Income
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Imuta, Kana; Henry, Julie D.; Slaughter, Virginia; Selcuk, Bilge; Ruffman, Ted – Developmental Psychology, 2016
It has been argued that children who possess an advanced theory of mind (ToM) are more likely to act prosocially, yet the empirical findings are mixed. To address this issue definitively, a meta-analytic integration of all prior literature that met appropriate inclusion criteria was conducted. In total, 76 studies including 6,432 children between…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Prosocial Behavior, Children, Meta Analysis
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Arya, Diana J.; McClung, Nicola A.; Katznelson, Noah; Scott, Lyn – International Journal of Multilingualism, 2016
Social psychologists have suggested that language-based ideologies related to "stereotype threat" (i.e. variations in performance-based on ability perceptions of language groups) may affect students' academic achievement regardless of school language support. However, it is unclear whether efforts to support students' first language…
Descriptors: Social Psychology, Language Attitudes, Stereotypes, Achievement Tests
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Fichten, Catherine S.; Heiman, Tali; Jorgensen, Mary; Nguyen, Mai Nhu; Havel, Alice; King, Laura; Budd, Jillian; Amsel, Rhonda – International Journal of Higher Education, 2016
We tested the ability of Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) model to predict intention to graduate among Canadian and Israeli students with and without a learning disability/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (LD/ADHD). Results based on 1486 postsecondary students show that the model's predictors (i.e., attitude, subjective norms,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Behavior Theories, Learning Disabilities, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Castejón, Alba; Zancajo, Adrián – European Educational Research Journal, 2015
This article focuses on analysing the effect of educational differentiation policies of OECD educational systems on socioeconomically disadvantaged students, based on data from PISA 2009. The analysis is conducted on the basis of a definition of two subgroups of disadvantaged students: those that achieve high scores, and those obtaining scores…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Individualized Programs
Mifsud, Mark C. – Online Submission, 2012
There is a considerable body of literature on research on environmental knowledge, attitude and action. A lot of research has occurred on the primary and secondary school populations and the general population. However, much less emphasis has been placed on studies that concern post-compulsory education students in the range from 16 to 18 years…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Conservation (Environment), Knowledge Level, Attitudes
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Skorinko, Jeanine L.; Doyle, James K.; Tryggvason, Gretar – Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research, 2012
It has long been recognized that engineers need a variety of skills, including technical and social, to succeed professionally. Attempts to include social skills (i.e., communication, teamwork, and leadership) in engineering education are relatively recent (i.e., within the last decade). Thus, the current study investigates whether social goals…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Outcomes of Education, Engineering Education, Robotics
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Swanepoel, Cassie – South African Journal of Education, 2008
Worldwide teachers are faced with the task of continuously facilitating and implementing educational reform that has been designed without their participation. This exclusion of the key agents, who must mediate between the change agenda and actual change in the classroom, from the planning and decision-making processes, is detrimental to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Attitudes, Principals, Administrator Attitudes
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Swanepoel, Cassie; Booyse, Johan – South African Journal of Education, 2006
Previous international studies, in which the authors participated, have revealed that involvement of teachers in decision-making and responsibility-taking processes is crucial for their receptiveness towards implementation of current and future educational change. It is also evident that the role and responsibilities of school principals have…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Principals, Foreign Countries, Educational Change
Epstein, Joyce Levy, Ed. – 1981
This is a collection of articles about student attitudes toward schools. Articles include: (1) a foreward by Philip W. Jackson; (2) "Patterns of Classroom Participation, Student Attitudes, and Achievements," and "Developing a Research Agenda on the Quality of School Life(QSL)," by Joyce L. Epstein; (3) "QSL School Problem…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Educational Improvement, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education