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Barkaoui, Khaled – ETS Research Report Series, 2015
This study aimed to describe the writing activities that test takers engage in when responding to the writing tasks in the "TOEFL iBT"[superscript R] test and to examine the effects of task type and test-taker English language proficiency (ELP) and keyboarding skills on the frequency and distribution of these activities. Each of 22 test…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Language Tests, English (Second Language), Writing Instruction
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Hu, Hsueh-chao Marcella; Nassaji, Hossein – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2012
In recent years the study of second language (L2) vocabulary learning through reading has attracted much attention in the field of L2 acquisition. A specific area that has received wide interest is the examination of the processes involved in deriving word meanings from context. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships…
Descriptors: Protocol Analysis, Vocabulary Development, Inferences, Correlation
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Cumming, Alister; Kantor, Robert; Baba, Kyoko; Eouanzoui, Keanre; Erdosy, Usman; James, Mark – ETS Research Report Series, 2006
We assessed whether and how the discourse written for prototype integrated tasks (involving writing in response to print or audio source texts) field tested for the new TOEFL® differs from the discourse written for independent essays (i.e., the TOEFL essay). We selected 216 compositions written for 6 tasks by 36 examinees in a field…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Essays, Scores, Language Proficiency