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Wong, Tracy K. Y.; Tao, Xi; Konishi, Chiaki – Issues in Educational Research, 2018
This study explored the extent to which teachers' instrumental (i.e., tangible aid to promote learning) and appraisal support (i.e., teacher feedback) enhanced students' achievement in mathematics. Participants included 13,950 fifteen-year-old Canadian students who participated in the 2012 Programme for International Student Assessment. Based on…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Feedback (Response), Regression (Statistics)
Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Guo, Jiesi; Anders, Jake; Shure, Nikki; Dicke, Theresa – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
In this paper, we develop an information distortion model (IDM) of social class differences in self-beliefs and values. The IDM combines psychological biases on frame-of-reference effects with sociological foci on ability stratification. This combination is hypothesized to lead to working-class children having more positive math self-beliefs and…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Academic Aspiration, Social Class, Longitudinal Studies
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Casabianca, Jodi M.; Lewis, Charles – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2018
The null hypothesis test used in differential item functioning (DIF) detection tests for a subgroup difference in item-level performance--if the null hypothesis of "no DIF" is rejected, the item is flagged for DIF. Conversely, an item is kept in the test form if there is insufficient evidence of DIF. We present frequentist and empirical…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Hypothesis Testing, Bayesian Statistics, Statistical Analysis
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Finch, W. Holmes; Marchant, Gregory J. – Online Submission, 2017
A recursive partitioning model approach in the form of classification and regression trees (CART) was used with 2012 PISA data for five countries (Canada, Finland, Germany, Singapore-China, and the Unites States). The objective of the study was to determine demographic and educational variables that differentiated between low SES student that were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Krupar, Allyson; Horvatek, Renata; Byun, Soo-yong – Adult Education Quarterly: A Journal of Research and Theory, 2017
This article examined the relationship between participation in adult nonformal education (NFE), defined as on-the-job training, attending private lessons, attending seminars, or distance learning, and Canadian immigrant respondents' literacy and numeracy outcomes, using data from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies…
Descriptors: Nonformal Education, Adult Learning, On the Job Training, Seminars
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Arya, Diana J.; McClung, Nicola A.; Katznelson, Noah; Scott, Lyn – International Journal of Multilingualism, 2016
Social psychologists have suggested that language-based ideologies related to "stereotype threat" (i.e. variations in performance-based on ability perceptions of language groups) may affect students' academic achievement regardless of school language support. However, it is unclear whether efforts to support students' first language…
Descriptors: Social Psychology, Language Attitudes, Stereotypes, Achievement Tests
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Castejón, Alba; Zancajo, Adrián – European Educational Research Journal, 2015
This article focuses on analysing the effect of educational differentiation policies of OECD educational systems on socioeconomically disadvantaged students, based on data from PISA 2009. The analysis is conducted on the basis of a definition of two subgroups of disadvantaged students: those that achieve high scores, and those obtaining scores…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Individualized Programs
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Wang, Jing-Ru; Chen, Shin-Feng; Fang, I.; Chou, Ching-Ting – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
This study used a Chinese-language version of the Index of Science Reading Awareness to explore the science reading metacognition and comprehension of Taiwanese students. Structural equation modelling results confirmed the underlying model comprised three clusters of metacognitive knowledge: beliefs and confidence in science reading, knowledge of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Metacognition, Reading Comprehension, Science Instruction
Department for Education, 2011
The Government is committed to ensuring that the new National Curriculum compares favourably with the curricula in the highest performing jurisdictions, and sets rigorous requirements for pupil attainment which measure up to the highest standards set internationally. The Government is also committed to slimming the National Curriculum so that it…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Curriculum, Mathematics Curriculum, Evidence
Achieve, Inc., 2010
U.S. students have consistently lagged behind their peers in other nations on international science assessments--a performance increasingly at odds with the challenge of being able to live and compete in a global environment, powered by innovations in science, engineering and technology. A strong foundation in science is clearly critical if…
Descriptors: Science Education, Employment Opportunities, Current Events, Democracy
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Leighton, Jacqueline P.; Gokiert, Rebecca J.; Cor, M. Ken; Heffernan, Colleen – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2010
Classroom teachers are in the front line of introducing students to formal learning, including assessments, which can be assumed to continue for students should they extend their schooling past the expected mandatory 12 years. The purpose of the present investigation was to survey secondary teachers' beliefs of classroom and large-scale tests for…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Learning Processes, Test Construction, Teacher Attitudes
Bassani, Cherylynn – Canadian Journal of Education, 2008
This article examines the influence of youth's family and school contexts to understand disparities in Canadian youth's mathematics achievement. Using hierarchical linear analysis, some of the main assumptions of social capital theory are tested using the Canadian data from the 1999 Programme for International Student Assessment. Findings revealed…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Mathematics Achievement, Family Structure, Social Capital