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Frankenberg, Erica; Hawley, Genevieve Siegel; Ee, Jongyeon; Orfield, Gary – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2017
The South was the central focus of the "Brown v. Board of Education" decision from the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. The landmark ruling held that laws mandating segregation in the school systems of the eleven states of the Old Confederacy, along with D.C. and six other states, violated the U.S. Constitution. Intense opposition met the…
Descriptors: Geographic Regions, Civil Rights, Educational History, School Desegregation
Blanton, Anthony Shane – ProQuest LLC, 2017
The Mississippi Association of Independent Schools was born out of the turbulent years of the Civil Rights Era. "Plessy v. Ferguson" in 1896 had established the doctrine of separate but equal facilities, including schools. While the decision in "Brown v. Board of Education," handed down by the Supreme Court in 1954, ruled that…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Equal Education, Access to Education, School Segregation
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Annamma, Subini; Morrison, Deb; Jackson, Darrell – Berkeley Review of Education, 2014
The focus on the achievement gap has overshadowed ways in which school systems constrain student achievement through trends of racial disproportionality in areas such as school discipline, special education assignment, and juvenile justice. Using Critical Race Theory, we reframe these racial disparities as issues of institutionalized racism.…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Critical Theory, Race, Racial Differences
Nesmith, Leo, Jr. – ProQuest LLC, 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine and describe the relationship between a school's percentage of African American students enrolled and the placement of an African American principal for all of Florida's K-12 traditional public schools during the academic year 2010-2011. This study also sought to determine if this relationship was moderated…
Descriptors: Principals, Placement, African Americans, Public Schools