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Frankenberg, Erica; Hawley, Genevieve Siegel; Ee, Jongyeon; Orfield, Gary – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2017
The South was the central focus of the "Brown v. Board of Education" decision from the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. The landmark ruling held that laws mandating segregation in the school systems of the eleven states of the Old Confederacy, along with D.C. and six other states, violated the U.S. Constitution. Intense opposition met the…
Descriptors: Geographic Regions, Civil Rights, Educational History, School Desegregation
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Rushing, Wanda – Urban Education, 2017
Few policies have affected American society as deeply as those related to the landmark 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision, "Brown v. Board of Education." Now, 60 years later, segregation persists along race and class divisions. This case study analysis of a merger that took place between 2010 and 2013 in Memphis and Shelby County,…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Civil Rights, Administrator Attitudes, Equal Education
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Annamma, Subini; Morrison, Deb; Jackson, Darrell – Berkeley Review of Education, 2014
The focus on the achievement gap has overshadowed ways in which school systems constrain student achievement through trends of racial disproportionality in areas such as school discipline, special education assignment, and juvenile justice. Using Critical Race Theory, we reframe these racial disparities as issues of institutionalized racism.…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Critical Theory, Race, Racial Differences
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Hoffman, Michael J.; Wiggall, Richard L.; Dereshiwsky, Mary I.; Emanuel, Gary L. – eJEP: eJournal of Education Policy, 2013
Adequate funding for the nation's schools to meet the call for higher student achievement has been a litigious issue. Spending on schools is a political choice. The choices made by state legislatures, in some cases, have failed to fund schools adequately and have incited school finance lawsuits in almost all states. These proceedings are generally…
Descriptors: Financial Support, Educational Finance, Academic Achievement, State Legislation