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Showing 1 to 15 of 182 results Save | Export
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Boone, Alexander P.; Hegarty, Mary – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
The paper-and-pencil Mental Rotation Test (Vandenberg & Kuse, 1978) consistently produces large sex differences favoring men (Voyer, Voyer, & Bryden, 1995). In this task, participants select 2 of 4 answer choices that are rotations of a probe stimulus. Incorrect choices (i.e., foils) are either mirror reflections of the probe or…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Cognitive Processes, Spatial Ability, Cognitive Tests
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Lago, Sol; Sloggett, Shayne; Schlueter, Zoe; Chow, Wing Yee; Williams, Alexander; Lau, Ellen; Phillips, Colin – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Previous studies have shown that speakers of languages such as German, Spanish, and French reactivate the syntactic gender of the antecedent of a pronoun to license gender agreement. As syntactic gender is assumed to be stored in the lexicon, this has motivated the claim that pronouns in these languages reactivate the lexical entry of their…
Descriptors: Grammar, Syntax, Contrastive Linguistics, English
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Scaltritti, Michele; Peressotti, Francesca; Navarrete, Eduardo – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
When speakers name multiple semantically related items, opposing effects can be found. Semantic facilitation is found when naming 2 semantically related items in a row. In contrast, semantic interference is found when speakers name semantically related items separated by 1 or more intervening unrelated items. This latter form of interference is…
Descriptors: Semantics, Naming, Interference (Learning), Priming
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Diede, Nathaniel T.; Bugg, Julie M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Classic theories of cognitive control conceptualized controlled processes as slow, strategic, and willful, with automatic processes being fast and effortless. The context-specific proportion compatibility (CSPC) effect, the reduction in the compatibility effect in a context (e.g., location) associated with a high relative to low likelihood of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Correlation, Conflict, Context Effect
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Frank, David J.; Kuhlmann, Beatrice G. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Experience-based cues, such as perceptual fluency, have long been thought to influence metacognitive judgments (Kelley & Jacoby, 1996; Koriat, 1997). Studies found that manipulations of perceptual fluency via changes in font and volume alter Judgments of Learning (JOLs) without influencing memory performance (Rhodes & Castel, 2008, 2009).…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Comparative Analysis, Memory, Cues
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Abadie, Marlène; Waroquier, Laurent; Terrier, Patrice – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Previous research showed that the "unconscious-thought effect", which refers to an improvement in complex decision making following a distraction period, was moderated by the presentation format of pieces of information about different options. The aim of the current study was to replicate this finding and further examine the memory…
Descriptors: Memory, Decision Making, Cognitive Processes, Comprehension
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White, Darcy; Besner, Derek – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
There are multiple reports, in the context of the time taken to read aloud, that the joint effects of stimulus quality and word frequency (a) interact when only words appear in the list but (b) are additive when nonwords are intermixed with words (O'Malley & Besner, 2008). This triple interaction has been explained in terms of the idea that…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Stimuli, Word Frequency, Language Processing
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Hanczakowski, Maciej; Zawadzka, Katarzyna; Collie, Harriet; Macken, Bill – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Feeling-of-knowing (FOK) judgments are judgments of future recognizability of currently inaccessible information. They are known to depend both on the access to partial information about a target of retrieval and on the familiarity of the cue that is used as a memory probe. In the present study we assessed whether FOK judgments could also be…
Descriptors: Memory, Evaluative Thinking, Recognition (Psychology), Context Effect
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Morís, Joaquín; Barberia, Itxaso; Vadillo, Miguel A.; Andrades, Ainhoa; López, Francisco J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Extinction is a very relevant learning phenomenon from a theoretical and applied point of view. One of its most relevant features is that relapse phenomena often take place once the extinction training has been completed. Accordingly, as extinction-based therapies constitute the most widespread empirically validated treatment of anxiety disorders,…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Contingency Management, Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries
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Dirix, Nicolas; Cop, Uschi; Drieghe, Denis; Duyck, Wouter – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
The present study assessed intra- and cross-lingual neighborhood effects, using both a generalized lexical decision task and an analysis of a large-scale bilingual eye-tracking corpus (Cop, Dirix, Drieghe, & Duyck, 2016). Using new neighborhood density and frequency measures, the general lexical decision task yielded an inhibitory…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Second Language Learning, Word Frequency, Native Language
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Canal, Paolo; Pesciarelli, Francesca; Vespignani, Francesco; Molinaro, Nicola; Cacciari, Cristina – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
We investigated the extent to which the literal meanings of the words forming literally plausible idioms (e.g., "break the ice") are semantically composed and how the idiomatic meaning is integrated in the unfolding sentence representation. Participants read ambiguous idiom strings embedded in highly predictable, literal, and idiomatic…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Language Processing, Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Khateb, Asaid; Shamshoum, Rana; Prior, Anat – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
The current study examines the interplay between global and local processes in bilingual language control. We investigated language-switching performance of unbalanced Arabic-Hebrew bilinguals in cued picture naming, using 5 different cuing parameters. The language cue could precede the picture, follow it, or appear simultaneously with it. Naming…
Descriptors: Cues, Code Switching (Language), Schemata (Cognition), Bilingualism
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Wiese, Holger; Komes, Jessica; Tüttenberg, Simone; Leidinger, Jana; Schweinberger, Stefan R. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Difficulties in person recognition are among the common complaints associated with cognitive ageing. The present series of experiments therefore investigated face and person recognition in young and older adults. The authors examined how within-domain and cross-domain repetition as well as semantic priming affect familiar face recognition and…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Young Adults, Older Adults, Cognitive Ability
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Faber, Myrthe; Gennari, Silvia P. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
The field of psychology of time has typically distinguished between prospective timing and retrospective duration estimation: in prospective timing, participants attend to and encode time, whereas in retrospective estimation, estimates are based on the memory of what happened. Prior research on prospective timing has primarily focused on…
Descriptors: Memory, Psychology, Statistical Analysis, Time Management
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Cane, James E.; Ferguson, Heather J.; Apperly, Ian A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Research has demonstrated a link between perspective taking and working memory. Here we used eye tracking to examine the time course with which working memory load (WML) influences perspective-taking ability in a referential communication task and how motivation to take another's perspective modulates these effects. In Experiment 1, where there…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Learning Motivation, Correlation, Short Term Memory
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