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Showing 1 to 15 of 72 results Save | Export
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Liknaitzky, Paul; Smillie, Luke D.; Allen, Nicholas B. – Creativity Research Journal, 2018
Depression is associated with biased interpretations and beliefs that are resistant to change. This kind of cognitive rigidity may depend on two distinct factors--a reduced ability for processing information that conflicts with these interpretations and beliefs and a reduced ability for generating alternative representations. Although depressive…
Descriptors: Creative Thinking, Undergraduate Students, Psychology, Foreign Countries
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Bonti, Eleni; Bampalou, Christina E.; Kouimtzi, Eleni M.; Kyritsis, Zacharias – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
The purpose of this study is to investigate the reasons why Greek young adults with Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) seek learning assessments. The study sample consisted of 106 adults meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for SLD. Data were collected through self-report records (clinical interview) of adults…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Adults, Learning Disabilities, Mental Disorders
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Heggie, Lindsay; Wade-Woolley, Lesly – Reading Psychology, 2018
We examined the relationship between two metalinguistic tasks: prosodic awareness and punctuation ability. Specifically, we investigated whether adults' ability to punctuate was related to the degree to which they are aware of and able to manipulate prosody in spoken language. English-speaking adult readers (n = 115) were administered a receptive…
Descriptors: Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Punctuation, Metalinguistics
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Lallier, Marie; Thierry, Guillaume; Barr, Polly; Carreiras, Manuel; Tainturier, Marie-Josephe – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
According to the Grain Size Accommodation hypothesis (Lallier & Carreiras, 2017), learning to read in two languages differing in orthographic consistency leads to a cross-linguistic modulation of reading and spelling processes. Here, we test the prediction that bilingualism may influence the manifestations of dyslexia. We compared the deficits…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Welsh
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Ring, Melanie; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Altgassen, Mareike; Barr, Peter; Bowler, Dermot M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present difficulties in forming relations among items and context. This capacity for relational binding is also involved in spatial navigation and research on this topic in ASD is scarce and inconclusive. Using a computerised version of the Morris Water Maze task, ASD participants showed particular…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Short Term Memory, Adults, Autism
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Braatveit, Kirsten J.; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Hove, Oddbjørn – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2018
Introduction: There is reason to believe that many individuals with substance use disorders (SUD), who are in contact with services, have an undiagnosed intellectual disability. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of intellectual and borderline intellectual disabilities (ID/BID) among inpatients with SUD and to further…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Severe Intellectual Disability, Intellectual Disability, Incidence
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Tillmann, J.; Ashwood, K.; Absoud, M.; Bölte, S.; Bonnet-Brilhault, F.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Calderoni, S.; Calvo, R.; Canal-Bedia, R.; Canitano, R.; De Bildt, A.; Gomot, M.; Hoekstra, P. J.; Kaale, A.; McConachie, H.; Murphy, D. G.; Narzisi, A.; Oosterling, I.; Pejovic-Milovancevic, M.; Persico, A. M.; Puig, O.; Roeyers, H.; Rommelse, N.; Sacco, R.; Scandurra, V.; Stanfield, A. C.; Zander, E.; Charman, T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Research on sex-related differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been impeded by small samples. We pooled 28 datasets from 18 sites across nine European countries to examine sex differences in the ASD phenotype on the ADI-R (376 females, 1763 males) and ADOS (233 females, 1187 males). On the ADI-R, early childhood restricted and…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Age Differences, Diagnostic Tests, Observation
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Johnson, Wendy; Deary, Ian J.; Bouchard, Thomas J., Jr. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Most study samples show less variability in key variables than do their source populations due most often to indirect selection into study participation associated with a wide range of personal and circumstantial characteristics. Formulas exist to correct the distortions of population-level correlations created. Formula accuracy has been tested…
Descriptors: Correlation, Sampling, Statistical Distributions, Accuracy
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Constable, Paul A.; Ring, Melanie; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Bowler, Dermot M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The Vygotsky Blocks Test assesses problem-solving styles within a theoretical framework for the development of higher mental processes devised by Vygotsky. Because both the theory and the associated test situate cognitive development within the child's social and linguistic context, they address conceptual issues around the developmental relation…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Cognitive Ability, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Zalla, Tiziana; Seassau, Magali; Cazalis, Fabienne; Gras, Doriane; Leboyer, Marion – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
In this study, we examined the accuracy and dynamics of visually guided saccades in 20 adults with autism spectrum disorder, as compared to 20 typically developed adults using the Step/Overlap/Gap paradigms. Performances in participants with autistic spectrum disorder were characterized by preserved Gap/Overlap effect, but reduced gain and peak…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Adults, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Booth, Rhonda D. L.; Happé, Francesca G. E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Frith's original notion of 'weak central coherence' suggested that increased local processing in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) resulted from reduced global processing. More recent accounts have emphasised superior local perception and suggested intact global integration. However, tasks often place local and global processing in direct trade-off,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes, Intelligence Quotient
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van Duijvenbode, Neomi; Didden, Robert; VanDerNagel, Joanne E. L.; Korzilius, Hubert P. L. M.; Engels, Rutger C. M. E. – Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 2018
We examined cognitive deficits in problematic drinkers with and without mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID). Problematic drinkers were expected to show a significantly lower estimated performance IQ (PIQ), but not a lower estimated verbal IQ (VIQ), compared to light drinkers. Participants (N = 474) were divided into four groups based…
Descriptors: Mild Intellectual Disability, Alcohol Abuse, Foreign Countries, Adults
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Helles, Adam; Gillberg, I. Carina; Gillberg, Christopher; Billstedt, Eva – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
This study examined objective quality of life (work, academic success, living situation, relationships, support system) and subjective quality of life (Sense of Coherence and Short-Form Health Survey-36) in an adult sample of males (n = 50, mean age: 30 years) with Asperger syndrome diagnosed in childhood and followed prospectively over two…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Males, Quality of Life, Clinical Diagnosis
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Jones, Catherine R. G.; Lambrechts, Anna; Gaigg, Sebastian B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Establishing whether implicit responses to emotional cues are intact in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is fundamental to ascertaining why their emotional understanding is compromised. We used a temporal bisection task to assess for responsiveness to face and wildlife images that varied in emotional salience. There were no significant differences…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Time
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Lovett, Benjamin J.; Lewandowski, Lawrence J.; Potts, Heather E. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2017
Students often feel time pressure when taking tests, and students with disabilities are sometimes given extended time testing accommodations, but little research has been done on the factors that affect students' test-taking speed. In the present study, 253 students at two colleges completed measures of processing speed, reading fluency, and…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Test Wiseness, Reading Skills, Standardized Tests
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