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Armah, Robert Benjamin; Cofie, Primrose Otokonor; Okpoti, Christopher Adjei – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2018
This study investigated the effect of van Hiele Phase-based Instruction (VHPI) on Ghanaian Pre-service Teachers' (PTs') geometric thinking in terms of the van Hiele Levels. A pre-test post-test quasi-experimental design was employed. There were 75 PTs each in the experimental group and the control group. Van Hiele Geometry Test (VHGT) was…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Geometric Concepts, Geometry, Pretests Posttests
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Wang, Yan; Kim, Eun Sook; Dedrick, Robert F.; Ferron, John M.; Tan, Tony – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Wording effects associated with positively and negatively worded items have been found in many scales. Such effects may threaten construct validity and introduce systematic bias in the interpretation of results. A variety of models have been applied to address wording effects, such as the correlated uniqueness model and the correlated traits and…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Format, Correlation, Construct Validity
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Kousa, P.; Kavonius, R.; Aksela, M. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
The aims of this study were to determine low-achieving students' attitudes towards chemistry and how the attitudes differ within a low achieving group. The most preferred teaching methods were also defined. Empirical data (n = 2949) were collected by stratified sampling from fifteen-year-old Finnish lower-secondary school students as part of a…
Descriptors: Low Achievement, Student Attitudes, Chemistry, Science Instruction
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George, Ann Cathrice; Robitzsch, Alexander – Applied Measurement in Education, 2018
This article presents a new perspective on measuring gender differences in the large-scale assessment study Trends in International Science Study (TIMSS). The suggested empirical model is directly based on the theoretical competence model of the domain mathematics and thus includes the interaction between content and cognitive sub-competencies.…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests
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Federicová, Miroslava; Pertold, Filip; Smith, Michael L. – Education Economics, 2018
To sort pupils at the end of primary school, some early-tracking systems apply a mechanism that unwittingly divides classes into two groups: students preparing for exams to enter better schools and everyone else, who decide not to compete for selective schools. Utilizing TIMSS data and a follow-up study in the Czech Republic, we show that this…
Descriptors: Self Esteem, Competition, Track System (Education), Mathematics
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Yalcin, Seher – Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Purpose: Studies in the literature have generally demonstrated that the causes of differential item functioning (DIF) are complex and not directly related to defined groups. The purpose of this study is to determine the DIF according to the mixture item response theory (MixIRT) model, based on the latent group approach, as well as the…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Test Items, Test Bias, Error of Measurement
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Daus, Stephan; Braeken, Johan – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2018
Background: Fair comparisons of educational systems in large-scale assessments can be made only if the differences in curricula have little impact on the outcomes. This study investigated the sensitivity of science achievement rankings to varying degrees of curriculum implementation in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, International Assessment
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Liou, Pey-Yan; Ho, Hsin-Ning Jessie – Research Papers in Education, 2018
The purpose of this study is to examine students' perceptions of instructional practices in the classroom, and to further investigate the relationships among instructional practices, motivational beliefs and science achievement. Hierarchical linear modelling was utilised to examine the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study 2007…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Science Achievement, Self Concept, Correlation
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Sahin, Melek Gülsah; Öztürk, Nagihan Boztunç – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2018
In this study, it is aimed to examine the effect of classroom assessment on science and mathematics achievements. For this purpose, hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) is performed using variables of like learning science/maths, engage teaching in science/maths, confidence in science/maths, and home resources for learning variables at the student…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Grade 4, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Straková, Jana; Simonová, Jaroslava; Greger, David – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2018
Educational effectiveness research has provided evidence about the importance of teacher beliefs and attitudes for teaching and learning. This study builds on the concept of academic optimism, which combines 3 aspects of a teacher's professional creed: self-efficacy, trust, and academic emphasis. The study explores the functioning of the…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Secondary School Mathematics
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Urick, Angela; Wilson, Alison S. P.; Ford, Timothy G.; Frick, William C.; Wronowski, Meredith L. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2018
Purpose: To advance a framework of indicators that promotes implementation of math standards under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), we tested a conceptual model of the resources and processes within schools that influence the opportunity to learn mathematics (OTL) in the classroom using a recent administration of the 2011 Trends in…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Progress Monitoring, Educational Indicators, Federal Legislation
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Walkington, Candace; Clinton, Virginia; Shivraj, Pooja – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The link between reading and mathematics achievement is well known, and an important question is whether readability factors in mathematics problems are differentially impacting student groups. Using 20 years of data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, we examine how…
Descriptors: Readability, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
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Prinsloo, C. H.; Rogers, S. C.; Harvey, J. C. – South African Journal of Education, 2018
South African learner achievement remains poor, despite large investment in schooling over the last two decades. Literature and research findings offer no single explanation or solution. In this article, the authors explored the relative contribution of specific language factors such as the role of home- and school-language equivalence, cultural…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Language Proficiency, Performance Factors, Grade 9
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Yoo, Yang Seok – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2018
Numerous studies have attributed gender difference in mathematics achievement to various sociocultural influences. Singapore is a country of higher gender equality as represented in the Global Gender Gap Index and Singaporean girls perform as well or higher than boys in international mathematics assessments. This study develops a conceptual model…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment
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Bergold, Sebastian; Wendt, Heike; Kasper, Daniel; Steinmayr, Ricarda – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
The present study investigated (a) how a latent profile analysis based on representative data of N = 74,868 4th graders from 17 European countries would cluster the students on the basis of their reading, mathematics, and science achievement test scores; (b) whether there would be gender differences at various competency levels, especially among…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Gender Differences, Disproportionate Representation, Profiles
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