ERIC Number: EJ1182150
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Filling the Gap: The Use of Intentional and Incidental Need-Meeting Financial Aid
Cheslock, John J.; Hughes, Rodney P.; Cardelle, Rachel Frick; Heller, Donald E.
Review of Higher Education, v41 n4 p577-605 Sum 2018
When measuring institutional aid awards that address financial need, some researchers count all awards distributed based upon need-based criteria while other researchers count any awards that meet need. The sole use of either measure will omit key information, so we present two new measures--intentional and incidental need-meeting aid--that can be used effectively in combination. Our empirical analyses find that incidental aid comprises 46% of need-meeting institutional aid but relative to intentional aid, it is less targeted on students with the greatest need, first generation students, and underrepresented minorities and more targeted on students with high SAT scores.
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Need Analysis (Student Financial Aid), Financial Aid Applicants, Evaluation Criteria, Student Needs, First Generation College Students, Disproportionate Representation, Minority Group Students, College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Bias, Grants, High Achievement, National Surveys, Regression (Statistics), Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)