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ERIC Number: ED582459
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 24
Abstractor: ERIC
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Validity of the SAT® for Predicting First-Year Grades: 2013 SAT Validity Sample
Beard, Jonathan; Marini, Jessica
College Board
The continued accumulation of validity evidence for the intended uses of educational assessment scores is critical to ensuring that inferences made using the scores are sound. To that end, the College Board has continued to collect college outcome data to evaluate the relationship between SAT® scores and college success. This report provides updated validity evidence for using the SAT to predict first-year college grade point average (FYGPA) for the 2013 cohort. It is important to note that a redesigned SAT was launched in March 2016. All data and references in this document to the SAT refer to the version previous to the 2016 redesigned SAT. Colleges and universities (henceforth, "institutions") provided data on the cohort of first-time, first-year students enrolling in the fall of 2013. The College Board combined those college outcomes data with official SAT scores and SAT Questionnaire response data, which included students' self-reported high school grade point average, among other things. In particular, 162 institutions provided data on 306,713 students, 221,485 of whom had complete data on high school grade point average (HSGPA); SAT critical reading (SAT-CR), mathematics (SAT-M), and writing (SAT-W) scores; and FYGPA. As has been shown in previous research, the multiple correlation of SAT section scores and HSGPA with FYGPA continues to be strong for the 2013 cohort (r = 0.61). When compared with the correlation of HSGPA alone with FYGPA (r = 0.53), the addition of the SAT section scores to HSGPA represented an increase (?r = 0.08) in the correlation with FYGPA. The patterns of differential validity by institutional and student characteristics and differential prediction by student characteristics for the 2013 cohort also follow the same general patterns, as has been shown in previous research.
College Board. 250 Vesey Street, New York, NY 10281. Tel: 212-713-8000; e-mail: research@collegeboard.org; Web site: http://research.collegeboard.org
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Board
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)