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Vincent-Ruz, Paulette; Binning, Kevin; Schunn, Christian D.; Grabowski, Joe – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
In chemistry, lack of academic preparation and math ability have been offered as explanations as to why women seem to enroll, perform, and graduate at lower levels than men. In this paper, we explore the alternative possibility that the gender gap in chemistry instead originates from differential gender effects of academic factors on students'…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Females, Chemistry, Sciences
Beard, Jonathan; Marini, Jessica – College Board, 2018
The continued accumulation of validity evidence for the intended uses of educational assessment scores is critical to ensuring that inferences made using the scores are sound. To that end, the College Board has continued to collect college outcome data to evaluate the relationship between SAT® scores and college success. This report provides…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade Point Average, College Freshmen, Institutional Characteristics
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Renshaw, Tyler L.; Chenier, Jeffrey S. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
This report presents further validation evidence for the Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (SSWQ). Analyses conducted with a sample of urban middle-school students (Grades 5-8, N = 335) targeted two limitations from previous validation studies: the lack of convergent validity evidence linking responses to the SSWQ with actual school…
Descriptors: Well Being, Questionnaires, Outcomes of Education, Predictor Variables
Williams, Lindsey N. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Postsecondary student performance has been studied in great detail by higher education systems and their stakeholders in attempts to identify what may contribute to increased rates of retention and degree completion. Research on predictors of postsecondary performance has focused significantly on the relationship between performance and…
Descriptors: College Students, Persistence, Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
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Frey, Regina F.; Cahill, Michael J.; McDaniel, Mark A. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2017
One primary goal of many science courses is for students to learn creative problem-solving skills; that is, integrating concepts, explaining concepts in a problem context, and using concepts to solve problems. However, what science instructors see is that many students, even those having excellent SAT/ACT and Advanced Placement scores, struggle in…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Problem Solving, Predictor Variables, Chemistry
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Borman, Trisha; Margolin, Jonathan; Garland, Marshall; Rapaport, Amie; Park, So Jung; LiCalsi, Christina – Regional Educational Laboratory Southwest, 2017
Nationwide, Hispanic students continue to be underrepresented among students who complete a four-year degree in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields (National Center for Education Statistics, 2016) and among workers in STEM fields. This discrepancy is a concern, especially in light of the projected growth in employment in STEM…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Educational Indicators, Postsecondary Education, STEM Education
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Mooring, Raymond D.; Mooring, Suazette R. – Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
For many underrepresented minority students, the path to the baccalaureate degree begins with initial enrollment at a community college. Unfortunately, only a small percentage of students interested in transferring actually do transfer to a 4-year institution. Of these transfers, few graduate with a baccalaureate degree within 6 years of initial…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Minority Groups, Bachelors Degrees, Educational Attainment
Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J.; Young, Linda; Walker, Michael – College Board, 2016
College admission offices receive many different pieces of information on each applicant to their institution. The job of considering this information becomes further complicated when the information is not consistent across applicants. An example of one such complication is receiving SAT scores for some applicants and receiving ACT scores for…
Descriptors: College Admission, Scores, College Entrance Examinations, College Applicants
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Kartal, Ozgul; Dunya, Beyza Aksu; Diefes-Dux, Heidi A.; Zawojewski, Judith S. – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2016
Critical to many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) career paths is mathematical modeling--specifically, the creation and adaptation of mathematical models to solve problems in complex settings. Conventional standardized measures of mathematics achievement are not structured to directly assess this type of mathematical…
Descriptors: Mathematical Models, STEM Education, Standardized Tests, Mathematics Achievement
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Atuahene, Francis; Russell, Tammy A. – Journal of Developmental Education, 2016
The majority of high school students, particularly underrepresented minorities (URMs) from low socioeconomic backgrounds are graduating from high school less prepared academically for advanced-level college mathematics. Using 2009 and 2010 course enrollment data, several statistical analyses (multiple linear regression, Cochran Mantel Haenszel…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, College Mathematics, Readiness, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Brown, Jennifer L.; Halpin, Glennelle; Halpin, Gerald – Higher Education Studies, 2015
The demand for STEM graduates has increased, but the number of incoming freshmen who declare a STEM major has remained stagnant. High school courses, such as calculus, can open or close the gate for students interested in careers in STEM. The purpose of this study was to determine if high school mathematics preparation was a significant…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Grade Point Average, Statistical Analysis, STEM Education
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Farmer, Errick D.; Hope, Warren C. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2015
African American males face major challenges in retention and graduation from institutions of higher education. The 6-year graduation rate for African American males at 4-year public institutions and private nonprofit colleges is less than 40%. This figure suggests that persistence toward degree attainment is a problem. The purpose of this study…
Descriptors: African American Students, Males, Black Colleges, College Students
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Fauria, Renee M.; Fuller, Matthew B. – Research & Practice in Assessment, 2015
Researchers evaluated the effects of Educationally Purposeful Activities (EPAs) on transfer and nontransfer students' cumulative GPAs. Hierarchical, linear, and multiple regression models yielded seven statistically significant educationally purposeful items that influenced undergraduate student GPAs. Statistically significant positive EPAs for…
Descriptors: College Students, College Transfer Students, Grade Point Average, Regression (Statistics)
Goldhaber, Dan; Cowan, James; Long, Mark; Huntington-Klein, Nick – Center for Education Data & Research, 2015
Students are typically given a large amount of freedom to choose the level of "curricular dispersion": the tight focus or lack thereof in the courses they elect to take while in college. There is little evidence about what predicts students' curricular dispersion, whether it affects later college or labor force outcomes, or, in fact, how…
Descriptors: Course Selection (Students), College Students, Predictor Variables, Correlation
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Greenway, Gina A.; Makus, Larry D. – Natural Sciences Education, 2014
Online course offerings have been growing at a rapid pace in post-secondary education. An ordered probit model is estimated to analyze the effects of online vs. face-to-face course format in achieving specific letter grades. An upper-division agricultural economics course taught over 9 years using both formats is used for the analysis. For a…
Descriptors: Agricultural Education, Economics Education, Online Courses, Conventional Instruction
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