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Vincent-Ruz, Paulette; Binning, Kevin; Schunn, Christian D.; Grabowski, Joe – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
In chemistry, lack of academic preparation and math ability have been offered as explanations as to why women seem to enroll, perform, and graduate at lower levels than men. In this paper, we explore the alternative possibility that the gender gap in chemistry instead originates from differential gender effects of academic factors on students'…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Females, Chemistry, Sciences
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Cousins-Cooper, Kathy; Staley, Katrina N.; Kim, Seongtae; Luke, Nicholas S. – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2017
This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of the Emporium instructional method in a course of college algebra and trigonometry by comparing to the traditional lecture method. The math emporium method is a nontraditional instructional method of learning math that has been implemented at several universities with much success and has been…
Descriptors: College Students, College Mathematics, Algebra, Teaching Methods
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Borman, Trisha; Margolin, Jonathan; Garland, Marshall; Rapaport, Amie; Park, So Jung; LiCalsi, Christina – Regional Educational Laboratory Southwest, 2017
Nationwide, Hispanic students continue to be underrepresented among students who complete a four-year degree in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields (National Center for Education Statistics, 2016) and among workers in STEM fields. This discrepancy is a concern, especially in light of the projected growth in employment in STEM…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Educational Indicators, Postsecondary Education, STEM Education
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Anis, Yasmeen; Krause, Jeremy A.; Blum, Emily N. – Research in the Schools, 2016
Mathematics anxiety typically involves apprehension toward activities that require computation, which can lead to complications in every-day-life activities (Ashcraft, 2002). Mathematics anxiety also has become accepted as an issue associated with academic success for both children and adults (Ashcraft, 2002; Ashcraft & Moore, 2009; Beilock,…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Anxiety, Gender Differences
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Atuahene, Francis; Russell, Tammy A. – Journal of Developmental Education, 2016
The majority of high school students, particularly underrepresented minorities (URMs) from low socioeconomic backgrounds are graduating from high school less prepared academically for advanced-level college mathematics. Using 2009 and 2010 course enrollment data, several statistical analyses (multiple linear regression, Cochran Mantel Haenszel…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, College Mathematics, Readiness, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Andrews, Amanda; Brown, Jennifer – Education, 2015
Math anxiety is a reoccurring problem for many students, and the effects of this anxiety on college students are increasing. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between pre-enrollment math anxiety, standardized test scores, math placement scores, and academic success during freshman math coursework (i.e., pre-algebra, college…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Anxiety, Standardized Tests, Scores
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Wolkowitz, Amanda A.; Skorupski, William P. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2013
When missing values are present in item response data, there are a number of ways one might impute a correct or incorrect response to a multiple-choice item. There are significantly fewer methods for imputing the actual response option an examinee may have provided if he or she had not omitted the item either purposely or accidentally. This…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Statistical Analysis, Models, Accuracy
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Moses, Tim; Liu, Jinghua; Tan, Adele; Deng, Weiling; Dorans, Neil J. – ETS Research Report Series, 2013
In this study, differential item functioning (DIF) methods utilizing 14 different matching variables were applied to assess DIF in the constructed-response (CR) items from 6 forms of 3 mixed-format tests. Results suggested that the methods might produce distinct patterns of DIF results for different tests and testing programs, in that the DIF…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Multiple Choice Tests, Test Items, Item Analysis
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Krupa, Erin; Webel, Corey; McManus, Jason – North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2013
We share results from a quasi-experimental study in which we compared achievement between traditional lecture-based and computer-based sections of college algebra on a common multiple choice exam as well as performance on problem solving items. Students in the computer-based group performed better on the final exam and were also more likely to…
Descriptors: Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Quasiexperimental Design, Comparative Analysis
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Nankervis, Bryan – Journal of College Admission, 2011
Males have significantly higher average scores than females on the SAT I quantitative section, which is designed to predict first-year college success in mathematics. However, it has been shown that gender gaps in performance on the SAT I have little to do with college readiness; rather they are due to the misaligned content of the instrument, as…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Academic Achievement, Validity, Mathematics Tests
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Adedoyin, O. O. – Educational Research and Reviews, 2010
This is a quantitative study, which attempted to detect gender bias test items from the Botswana Junior Certificate Examination in mathematics. To detect gender bias test items, a randomly selected sample of 4000 students responses to mathematics paper 1 of the Botswana Junior Certificate examination were selected from 36,000 students who sat for…
Descriptors: Test Items, Foreign Countries, Statistical Analysis, Gender Bias
Shaw, Emily J.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2010
[Slides] presented at AERA in Denver, CO in April 2010. This study examined the relationship between students' self-reported high school grade point average (HSGPA) from the SAT Questionnaire and their HSGPA provided by the colleges and universities they attend. The purpose of this research was to offer updated information on the relatedness of…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Grade Point Average, High School Students, Correlation
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von Davier, Alina A., Ed.; Liu, Mei, Ed. – ETS Research Report Series, 2006
This report builds on and extends existent research on population invariance to new tests and issues. The authors lay the foundation for a deeper understanding of the use of population invariance measures in a wide variety of practical contexts. The invariance of linear, equipercentile and IRT equating methods are examined using data from five…
Descriptors: Equated Scores, Statistical Analysis, Data Collection, Test Format
Ewing, Maureen; Huff, Kristen; Andrews, Melissa; King, Kinda – College Board, 2005
In connection with the new SAT that was introduced in March 2005, research has been under way to investigate the feasibility of providing examinees with score reports that contain feedback on skills measured by the critical reading, mathematics, and writing sections of the test. The main purpose of this study was to estimate the reliability of the…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Feedback (Response), Reading Skills
Liu, Jinghua; Feigenbaum, Miriam; Dorans, Neil J. – College Board, 2005
Score equity assessment was used to evaluate linkings of new SAT® to the current SAT Reasoning Test™. Population invariance across gender groups was studied on the linkage of a new SAT critical reading prototype to a current SAT verbal section, and on the linkage of a new SAT math prototype to a current SAT math section. The results indicated that…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Research Reports, Cognitive Tests, College Entrance Examinations
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