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Smith, Kara; Jagesic, Sanja; Wyatt, Jeff; Ewing, Maureen – College Board, 2018
Projections by the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (2012) point to a need for approximately one million more Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) professionals than the U.S. will be able to produce considering the current rate of STEM postsecondary degree completions (Executive Office of the President of…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, STEM Education, Student Participation, High School Students
Beard, Jonathan; Marini, Jessica – College Board, 2018
The continued accumulation of validity evidence for the intended uses of educational assessment scores is critical to ensuring that inferences made using the scores are sound. To that end, the College Board has continued to collect college outcome data to evaluate the relationship between SAT® scores and college success. This report provides…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade Point Average, College Freshmen, Institutional Characteristics
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Bunce, Diane M.; Komperda, Regis; Dillner, Debra K.; Lin, Shirley; Schroeder, Maria J.; Hartman, JudithAnn R. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2017
Students with an insufficient amount of time to study are becoming more prevalent in the general college population as many who enroll in college have competing responsibilities (full-time jobs, childcare, etc.). Such students are likely to choose study resources that they consider to be both effective and efficient. Students at the U.S. Naval…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Study Habits, Study Skills
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Sun, Jerry Chih-Yuan; Oh, Youn Joo; Seli, Helena; Jung, Matthew – Journal of At-Risk Issues, 2017
The purpose of this study was to explore the motivational characteristics and learning behaviors affecting at-risk college students. To explore how motivation and learning behaviors are related to academic achievement, the relationships between (a) self-efficacy; (b) learning and study strategy indicators; and (c) academic outcomes were assessed.…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Outcomes of Education, College Freshmen, Prediction
Mattern, Krista; Radunzel, Justine; Bertling, Maria; Ho, Andrew – ACT, Inc., 2017
The percentage of students retaking college admissions tests is rising (Harmston & Crouse, 2016). Researchers and college admissions offices currently use a variety of methods for summarizing these multiple scores. Testing companies, interested in validity evidence like correlations with college first-year grade-point averages (FYGPA), often…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade Point Average, College Freshmen, Correlation
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Aguinis, Herman; Culpepper, Steven A.; Pierce, Charles A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
We introduce the concept of "differential prediction generalization" in the context of college admissions testing. Specifically, we assess the extent to which predicted first-year college grade point average (GPA) based on high-school grade point average (HSGPA) and SAT scores depends on a student's ethnicity and gender and whether this…
Descriptors: Prediction, Grade Point Average, High School Students, College Freshmen
Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J.; Young, Linda; Walker, Michael – College Board, 2016
College admission offices receive many different pieces of information on each applicant to their institution. The job of considering this information becomes further complicated when the information is not consistent across applicants. An example of one such complication is receiving SAT scores for some applicants and receiving ACT scores for…
Descriptors: College Admission, Scores, College Entrance Examinations, College Applicants
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Atuahene, Francis; Russell, Tammy A. – Journal of Developmental Education, 2016
The majority of high school students, particularly underrepresented minorities (URMs) from low socioeconomic backgrounds are graduating from high school less prepared academically for advanced-level college mathematics. Using 2009 and 2010 course enrollment data, several statistical analyses (multiple linear regression, Cochran Mantel Haenszel…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, College Mathematics, Readiness, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Andrews, Amanda; Brown, Jennifer – Education, 2015
Math anxiety is a reoccurring problem for many students, and the effects of this anxiety on college students are increasing. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between pre-enrollment math anxiety, standardized test scores, math placement scores, and academic success during freshman math coursework (i.e., pre-algebra, college…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Anxiety, Standardized Tests, Scores
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Brown, Jennifer L.; Halpin, Glennelle; Halpin, Gerald – Higher Education Studies, 2015
The demand for STEM graduates has increased, but the number of incoming freshmen who declare a STEM major has remained stagnant. High school courses, such as calculus, can open or close the gate for students interested in careers in STEM. The purpose of this study was to determine if high school mathematics preparation was a significant…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Grade Point Average, Statistical Analysis, STEM Education
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Farmer, Errick D.; Hope, Warren C. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2015
African American males face major challenges in retention and graduation from institutions of higher education. The 6-year graduation rate for African American males at 4-year public institutions and private nonprofit colleges is less than 40%. This figure suggests that persistence toward degree attainment is a problem. The purpose of this study…
Descriptors: African American Students, Males, Black Colleges, College Students
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Hannon, Brenda – Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2015
This study uncovers which learning (epistemic belief of learning), socioeconomic background (level of parental education, family income) or social-personality factors (performance-avoidance goals, test anxiety) mitigate the ethnic gap in SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test) scores. Measures assessing achievement motivation, test anxiety, socioeconomic…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, Scores, Standardized Tests, College Entrance Examinations
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Bir, Beth; Myrick, Mondrail – Journal of Developmental Education, 2015
This study considered whether participation in a rigorous, intense summer bridge program had a significant effect on the academic success of African-American male and female students in developmental education, compared to nonparticipants, at a four-year Historically Black University in terms of retention, progression, and graduation from…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Higher Education, College Students, Academic Achievement
Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2014
The Study evaluated the predictive validity of various operationalizations of AP® Exam and course information that could be used to make college admission decisions. The incremental validity of different AP variables, above and beyond traditional admission measures such as SAT® and high school grade point average (HSGPA), in predicting first-year…
Descriptors: College Admission, Advanced Placement Programs, Grade Point Average, Predictive Validity
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Laird, Thomas F. Nelson; Seifert, Tricia A.; Pascarella, Ernest T.; Mayhew, Matthew J.; Blaich, Charles F. – Journal of Higher Education, 2014
This study estimates the effects of a deep approaches to learning scale and its subscales on measures of students' critical thinking, need for cognition, and positive attitudes toward literacy, controlling for pre-college scores for the outcomes and other covariates. Results suggest reflection is critical to making gains across the outcomes.
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Cognitive Development, Thinking Skills, Critical Thinking
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