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Rios, Joseph A.; Sparks, Jesse R.; Zhang, Mo; Liu, Ou Lydia – ETS Research Report Series, 2017
Proficiency with written communication (WC) is critical for success in college and careers. As a result, institutions face a growing challenge to accurately evaluate their students' writing skills to obtain data that can support demands of accreditation, accountability, or curricular improvement. Many current standardized measures, however, lack…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Validity, Writing Tests, College Outcomes Assessment
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Chubbuck, Kay; Curley, W. Edward; King, Teresa C. – ETS Research Report Series, 2016
This study gathered quantitative and qualitative evidence concerning gender differences in performance by using critical reading material on the "SAT"® test with sports and science content. The fundamental research questions guiding the study were: If sports and science are to be included in a skills test, what kinds of material are…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Gender Differences, Critical Reading, Reading Tests
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Moses, Tim; Liu, Jinghua; Tan, Adele; Deng, Weiling; Dorans, Neil J. – ETS Research Report Series, 2013
In this study, differential item functioning (DIF) methods utilizing 14 different matching variables were applied to assess DIF in the constructed-response (CR) items from 6 forms of 3 mixed-format tests. Results suggested that the methods might produce distinct patterns of DIF results for different tests and testing programs, in that the DIF…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Multiple Choice Tests, Test Items, Item Analysis
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Guo, Hongwen; Liu, Jinghua; Dorans, Neil; Feigenbaum, Miriam – ETS Research Report Series, 2011
Maintaining score stability is crucial for an ongoing testing program that administers several tests per year over many years. One way to stall the drift of the score scale is to use an equating design with multiple links. In this study, we use the operational and experimental SAT® data collected from 44 administrations to investigate the effect…
Descriptors: Equated Scores, College Entrance Examinations, Reliability, Testing Programs
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Liu, Jinghua; Zhu, Xiaowen – ETS Research Report Series, 2008
The purpose of this paper is to explore methods to approximate population invariance without conducting multiple linkings for subpopulations. Under the single group or equivalent groups design, no linking needs to be performed for the parallel-linear system linking functions. The unequated raw score information can be used as an approximation. For…
Descriptors: Raw Scores, Test Format, Comparative Analysis, Test Construction
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Haberman, Shelby J.; Guo, Hongwen; Liu, Jinghua; Dorans, Neil J. – ETS Research Report Series, 2008
This study uses historical data to explore the consistency of SAT® I: Reasoning Test score conversions and to examine trends in scaled score means. During the period from April 1995 to December 2003, both Verbal (V) and Math (M) means display substantial seasonality, and a slight increasing trend for both is observed. SAT Math means increase more…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Thinking Skills, Logical Thinking, Scaling
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Liu, Ou Lydia – ETS Research Report Series, 2008
The Secretary of Education's Commission on the Future of Higher Education emphasizes accountability in higher education as one of the key areas of interest. The Voluntary System of Accountability (VSA) was developed to evaluate the effectiveness of general public college education. This study examines how student progress in college, indicated by…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Assessment, Academic Achievement, Scores
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von Davier, Alina A., Ed.; Liu, Mei, Ed. – ETS Research Report Series, 2006
This report builds on and extends existent research on population invariance to new tests and issues. The authors lay the foundation for a deeper understanding of the use of population invariance measures in a wide variety of practical contexts. The invariance of linear, equipercentile and IRT equating methods are examined using data from five…
Descriptors: Equated Scores, Statistical Analysis, Data Collection, Test Format
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Dorans, Neil J.; Zeller, Karin – ETS Research Report Series, 2004
In an article published in the spring 2003 issue of "Harvard Educational Review", Roy Freedle stated that the SAT® is both culturally and statistically biased. Freedle proposed a solution to this bias, which involved using a half-test made up of the most difficult items culled from complete SAT examination. His claims, which garnered…
Descriptors: Scores, Scoring, Equated Scores, College Entrance Examinations