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Liu, Jinghua; Allspach, Jill R.; Feigenbaum, Miriam; Oh, Hyeon-Joo; Burton, Nancy – College Entrance Examination Board, 2004
This study evaluated whether the addition of a writing section to the SAT Reasoning Test™ (referred to as the SAT® in this study) would impact test-taker performance because of fatigue caused by increased test length. The study also investigated test-takers' subjective feelings of fatigue. Ninety-seven test-takers were randomly assigned to three…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Writing Skills, Fatigue (Biology), Influences
Liu, Jinghua; Feigenbaum, Miriam; Cook, Linda – College Entrance Examination Board, 2004
This study explored possible configurations of the new SAT® critical reading section without analogy items. The item pool contained items from SAT verbal (SAT-V) sections of 14 previously administered SAT tests, calibrated using the three-parameter logistic IRT model. Multiple versions of several prototypes that do not contain analogy items were…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Critical Reading, Logical Thinking, Difficulty Level
Breland, Hunter; Kubota, Melvin; Nickerson, Kristine; Trapani, Catherine; Walker, Michael – College Entrance Examination Board, 2004
This study investigated the impact on ethnic, language, and gender groups of a new kind of essay prompt type intended for use with the new SAT®. The study also generated estimates of the reliability of scores obtained using the prompts examined. To examine the impact of a new prompt type, random samples of eleventh-grade students in 49…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Standardized Tests, Ethnic Groups, Language Usage
Bridgeman, Brent; Trapani, Catherine; Curley, Edward – College Entrance Examination Board, 2003
The impact of allowing more time for each question on SAT® I: Reasoning Test scores was estimated by embedding sections with a reduced number of questions into the standard 30-minute equating section of two national test administrations. Thus, for example, questions were deleted from a verbal section that contained 35 questions to produce forms…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Items, Timed Tests, Verbal Tests
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Camara, Wayne J.; Milewski, Glenn B. – College Entrance Examination Board, 2002
This study examines the relative utility and predictive validity of the SAT I and SAT II for various subgroups in both California and the nation. The effect of eliminating the SAT I on the test impact and on the over- and under-prediction of various gender and racial/ethnic subgroups is examined. Two statistical adjustments and tables are appended.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Research Reports, Evaluation Utilization, College Admission
Lawrence, Ida; Rigol, Gretchen W.; Van Essen, Thomas; Jackson, Carol A. – College Entrance Examination Board, 2002
This paper describes the various ways in which the SAT has evolved since its introduction in 1926. Some of the modifications have involved changes in the types of questions used to measure verbal and mathematical skills. Other modifications focused on liberalizing time limits to ensure that speed of responding to questions has minimal effect on…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Achievement Tests, Test Construction, Test Bias
Scheuneman, Janice; Camara, Wayne J. – College Entrance Examination Board, 2002
This study showed that almost all of the students brought calculators to the administration of the SAT I test in November 1996 and 1997 and continue to do so today. The number who actually used the calculators on the test and the extent to which they used them varied across students. Performance on the math sections of the exam was associated with…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Mathematics Tests, Calculators, Scores
Lawrence, Ida M.; Schmidt, Amy Elizabeth – College Entrance Examination Board, 2001
The SAT® I: Reasoning Test is administered seven times a year. Primarily for security purposes, several different test forms are given at each administration. How is it possible to compare scores obtained from different test forms and from different test administrations? The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the statistical…
Descriptors: Scores, Comparative Analysis, Standardized Tests, College Entrance Examinations
Dorans, Neil J. – College Entrance Examination Board, 2000
Distinctions were made between three classes of statistical linkage: equivalence, concordance, and prediction. These distinctions were based on rational content considerations and empirical statistical relationships. A large database involving SAT I and ACT scores was used to determine which type of linkage was best suited for different scores and…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Prediction, Scores, Standardized Tests
Powers, Donald E.; Camara, Wayne J. – College Entrance Examination Board, 1999
The relationship between coaching and subsequent performance on the SAT I is a complex issue. Overall, anecdotal reports from one or two students and even studies that gauge the effects of coaching by examining the score gains for students who have enrolled in these programs are highly misleading and will not present an accurate picture of the…
Descriptors: Coaching (Performance), Aptitude Tests, Test Preparation, Scores
Gallagher, Ann M. – College Entrance Examination Board, 1990
Performance of high-scoring males and females on the mathematics section of three forms of the College Board's Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT-M) was examined to determine how item content, solution strategy, and speededness differentially affect performance. The mathematical and verbal sections of the SAT were also compared for similarities in the…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Gender Differences, Scores, Mathematics Tests