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Rawls, Anita; Zhang, Xiuyuan; Hendrickson, Amy – College Board, 2016
The classification of test-takers into ethnic and racial groups ensures individuals and groups, identified in Title VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 14th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, are protected from adverse treatment (Camilli, 2006). The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) suggests that…
Descriptors: Racial Identification, Ethnic Groups, Multiracial Persons, Test Bias
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Regier, Kimberly Fayette – Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
General biology courses (for majors) are often transferred from one institution to another. These courses must prepare students for upper division courses in biology. In Colorado, a Biology Transfer Articulation Agreement that includes general biology has been created across the state. An evaluation was conducted of course grades in two upper…
Descriptors: College Students, College Science, Biology, Cytology
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Chubbuck, Kay; Curley, W. Edward; King, Teresa C. – ETS Research Report Series, 2016
This study gathered quantitative and qualitative evidence concerning gender differences in performance by using critical reading material on the "SAT"® test with sports and science content. The fundamental research questions guiding the study were: If sports and science are to be included in a skills test, what kinds of material are…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Gender Differences, Critical Reading, Reading Tests
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Villafañe, Sachel M.; Garcia, C. Alicia; Lewis, Jennifer E. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
Chemistry self-efficacy has been defined as a student's beliefs about his or her own capability to perform a given chemistry task. These chemistry self-efficacy beliefs can be influenced by students' experiences in a course, and eventually, these beliefs could affect students' decisions to continue into STEM related-careers. In this study, we…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Self Efficacy, Majors (Students)
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Smith, Patricia Joanne; Zagurski, John Thomas Vitus – Journal of the National Collegiate Honors Council, 2013
Since SAT and ACT tests have been long-suspected and then shown to contain class and race biases while not accurately predicting retention, the Schedler Honors College at the University of Central Arkansas (UCA) shifted to a holistic, multi-criterion selection process, de-emphasizing standardized tests, and then analyzed the outcomes. This essay…
Descriptors: College Students, Honors Curriculum, College Admission, Standardized Tests
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O'Neill, Heather M.; Pfeiffer, Christian A. – Accounting Education, 2012
Researchers studying academic dishonesty in college often focus on demographic characteristics of cheaters and discuss changes in cheating trends over time. To predict cheating behaviour, some researchers examine the costs and benefits of academic cheating, while others view campus culture and the role which honour codes play in affecting…
Descriptors: Cheating, Ethics, Student Behavior, Undergraduate Students
Paek, Pamela L.; Braun, Henry; Trapani, Catherine; Ponte, Eva; Powers, Don – College Board, 2008
This report analyzes the relationship of Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) teacher practices and student performance on AP Biology and AP U.S. History Exams. Using a national survey of AP teachers, the study developed four models for each subject with public school teachers only and both public and nonpublic school teachers, using two standards of…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Teaching Methods, Achievement Tests, Academic Achievement
Paek, Pamela L.; Ponte, Eva; Sigel, Irv; Braun, Henry; Powers, Don – College Board, 2005
The Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) is dedicated to providing high school students opportunities to enroll in college-level courses while in high school. The advantages of such accelerated opportunities are both financial and educational. The AP Program is available internationally. As a result of its widespread availability, considerable effort…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, High School Students, Secondary School Teachers, High Schools
Liu, Jinghua; Allspach, Jill R.; Feigenbaum, Miriam; Oh, Hyeon-Joo; Burton, Nancy – College Entrance Examination Board, 2004
This study evaluated whether the addition of a writing section to the SAT Reasoning Test™ (referred to as the SAT® in this study) would impact test-taker performance because of fatigue caused by increased test length. The study also investigated test-takers' subjective feelings of fatigue. Ninety-seven test-takers were randomly assigned to three…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Writing Skills, Fatigue (Biology), Influences
Breland, Hunter; Kubota, Melvin; Nickerson, Kristine; Trapani, Catherine; Walker, Michael – College Entrance Examination Board, 2004
This study investigated the impact on ethnic, language, and gender groups of a new kind of essay prompt type intended for use with the new SAT®. The study also generated estimates of the reliability of scores obtained using the prompts examined. To examine the impact of a new prompt type, random samples of eleventh-grade students in 49…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Standardized Tests, Ethnic Groups, Language Usage