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American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO), 2015
The Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium is one of two multi-state consortia that have built new assessment systems aligned to the Common Core State Standards. The Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium is composed of 18 states and the U.S. Virgin Islands that have worked together to develop a comprehensive assessment system aligned to the…
Descriptors: Summative Evaluation, Formative Evaluation, Educational Assessment, College Readiness
Arcidiacono, Peter; Aucejo, Esteban; Hotz, V. Joseph – Centre for Economic Performance, 2013
The low number of college graduates with science degrees--particularly among underrepresented minorities--is of growing concern. We examine differences across universities in graduating students in different fields. Using student-level data on the University of California system during a period in which racial preferences were in place, we show…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Institutional Characteristics, Universities, Minority Group Students
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Santelices, Maria Veronica; Wilson, Mark – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2012
The relationship between differential item functioning (DIF) and item difficulty on the SAT is such that more difficult items tended to exhibit DIF in favor of the focal group (usually minority groups). These results were reported by Kulick and Hu, and Freedle and have been enthusiastically discussed by more recent literature. Examining the…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Test Items, Difficulty Level, Statistical Analysis
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Goltz, Heather Honore; Smith, Matthew Lee – Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 2010
Yule (1903) and Simpson (1951) described a statistical paradox that occurs when data is aggregated. In such situations, aggregated data may reveal a trend that directly contrasts those of sub-groups trends. In fact, the aggregate data trends may even be opposite in direction of sub-group trends. To reveal Yule-Simpson's paradox (YSP)-type…
Descriptors: Data, Statistics, Statistical Analysis, Models
California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008
One of the goals in the Commission's Performance Assessment Framework for higher education is that all high school students in California receive an education that gives them the opportunity to enter a college or university. There are many possible measures that could be used to gauge preparation for higher education. These include SAT scores,…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Advanced Placement, Performance Based Assessment, Persistence
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Rueda, Norma G.; Sokolowski, Carole – Mathematics Educator, 2004
A study was conducted at Merrimack College in Massachusetts to compare the grades of students who took the recommended course as determined by their mathematics placement exam score and those who did not follow this recommendation. The goal was to decide whether the mathematics placement exam used at Merrimack College was effective in placing…
Descriptors: Student Placement, Mathematics Achievement, Statistical Analysis, Mathematics Instruction
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Matsui, John; Liu, Roger; Kane, Caroline M. – Cell Biology Education, 2003
For the past three decades, much attention has been focused on developing diversity programs designed to improve the academic success of underrepresented minorities, primarily in mathematics, science, and engineering. However, ethnic minorities remain underrepresented in science majors and careers. Over the last 10 years, the Biology Scholars…
Descriptors: College Students, Biological Sciences, Minority Groups, Disproportionate Representation
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Camara, Wayne J.; Milewski, Glenn B. – College Entrance Examination Board, 2002
This study examines the relative utility and predictive validity of the SAT I and SAT II for various subgroups in both California and the nation. The effect of eliminating the SAT I on the test impact and on the over- and under-prediction of various gender and racial/ethnic subgroups is examined. Two statistical adjustments and tables are appended.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Research Reports, Evaluation Utilization, College Admission