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Peterson, Candida C.; Slaughter, Virginia; Wellman, Henry M. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Persuasion is an essential social skill. Yet its development and underpinnings are poorly understood. In 2 studies, a total of 167 children aged 3 to 12 years took theory of mind (ToM) tests and participated in unscripted, seminaturalistic persuasive conversations. Children were typically developing (TD) or had deafness or autism spectrum disorder…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Persuasive Discourse, Interpersonal Competence, Children
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Boersma, Tiffany; Baker, Anne; Rispens, Judith; Weerman, Fred – First Language, 2018
Morphophonological processing involves the phonological analysis of morphemes. Item-specific phonological characteristics have been shown to influence morphophonological skills in children. This study investigates the relative contributions of broad phonological skills and vocabulary to production and judgement accuracies of the Dutch past tense…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Morphemes, Phonology, Language Processing
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Ansari, Arya; Purtell, Kelly M. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Using nationally representative data from the Family and Child Experiences Survey 2009 Cohort (n = 2,798), this study examined patterns of absenteeism and their consequences through the transition to kindergarten. Overall, children were less likely to be absent in kindergarten than from Head Start at ages 3 and 4. Absenteeism was fairly stable…
Descriptors: Attendance, Kindergarten, Disadvantaged Youth, Preschool Education
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Sun, He; Steinkrauss, Rasmus; Wieling, Martijn; de Bot, Kees – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2018
This study examines the English vocabulary development of 43 very young child English as a foreign language (FL) learners (age 3.2-6.2) in China. They were tested twice for vocabulary breadth (reception and production) and semantic depth (paradigmatic and syntagmatic vocabulary knowledge). The development of the English vocabulary knowledge…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Chinese
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Perovic, Alexandra; Wexler, Ken – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
This study investigates the knowledge of binding in 21 English-speaking children with SLI, aged 6;08-16;05, compared to 21 children with WS, language- and age-matched, and 21 language-matched control children, aged 4-7;10. Our results demonstrate no difficulties in the interpretation of reflexive or personal pronouns in SLI, revealing an intact…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Language Impairments, Genetic Disorders, Children
Kuchle, Laura; Brown, Seth; Coukoulis, Nicholas – American Institutes for Research, 2018
The 3-year Pennsylvania Dyslexia Screening and Early Literacy Intervention Pilot Program (Pilot) began in 2015-16 (Year 1) with the kindergarten class of 2015-16 (Cohort 1). In 2016-17 (Year 2), the Pilot was implemented with Cohort 1 students, now in first grade, and a second cohort of kindergarteners (Cohort 2). A third cohort will be added in…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Screening Tests, Emergent Literacy, Early Intervention
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The authors tested theoretically driven predictions as to the ways in which syntactic awareness, or awareness of word order within sentences, might contribute to reading comprehension, the end goal of reading development and instruction. They conducted a longitudinal study of 100 English-speaking children followed from Grade 3 to 4. Children…
Descriptors: Syntax, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Prediction
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Browne, Dillon T.; Wade, Mark; Prime, Heather; Jenkins, Jennifer M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
There is an ongoing need for literature that identifies the effects of broad contextual risk on school readiness outcomes via family mediating mechanisms. This is especially true amongst diverse and urban samples characterized by variability in immigration history. To address this limitation, family profiles of sociodemographic and contextual risk…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Readiness, Urban Areas, Family Characteristics
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Pollard-Durodola, Sharolyn D.; Gonzalez, Jorge E.; Saenz, Laura; Resendez, Nora; Kwok, Oiman; Zhu, Leina; Davis, Heather – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: This study compared the effects of content-based shared book-reading instruction versus an explicit vocabulary-only condition on the vocabulary development of preschool dual language learners (DLLs). Using shared book reading as the mode of instruction, we randomly assigned 48 bilingual preschool teachers and 281…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language), Bilingual Teachers
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Erbeli, Florina; Hart, Sara A.; Wagner, Richard K.; Taylor, Jeanette – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
A fairly recent definition of reading disability (RD) is that in the form of a hybrid model. The model views RD as a latent construct that is manifested through various observable unexpected impairments in reading-related skills and through inadequate response to intervention. The current report evaluated this new conceptualization of RD from an…
Descriptors: Etiology, Reading Difficulties, Reading Programs, Response to Intervention
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Johnston, Lauren E.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Geres-Smith, Rhonda – Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 2018
The purpose of this preliminary study was to determine whether incorporating vocabulary instruction in individual reading fluency interventions for English Language Learners (ELLs) would improve reading comprehension. Two vocabulary instructional procedures were contrasted with a fluency-building only condition in an alternating-treatments design…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Slocum, Jeremy Y.; Merriman, William E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
From an early age, children show a tendency to map novel labels onto unfamiliar rather than familiar kinds of objects. Accounts of this tendency have not addressed whether children develop a metacognitive representation of what they are doing. In 3 experiments (each N = 48), preschoolers received a test of the "metacognitive disambiguation…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Preschool Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Familiarity
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Kragness, Haley E.; Trainor, Laurel J. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Proper segmentation of auditory streams is essential for understanding music. Many cues, including meter, melodic contour, and harmony, influence adults' perception of musical phrase boundaries. To date, no studies have examined young children's musical grouping in a production task. We used a musical self-pacing method to investigate (1) whether…
Descriptors: Young Children, Music, Listening, Pacing
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Rufsvold, Ronda; Wang, Ye; Hartman, Maria C.; Arora, Sonia B.; Smolen, Elaine R. – American Annals of the Deaf, 2018
The researchers investigated the effects of adult language input on the quantity of language, vocabulary development, and understanding of basic concepts of deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children who used listening and spoken language. Using audio recording and Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) software, the study involved 30 preschool DHH…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Preschool Children, Vocabulary Development
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Cupples, L.; Ching, T. Y. C.; Leigh, G.; Martin, L.; Gunnourie, M.; Button, L.; Marnane, V.; Hou, S.; Zhang, V.; Flynn, C.; Van Buynder, P. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: This study examined language development in young children with hearing loss and different types of additional disabilities (ADs). Method: A population-based cohort of 67 children who were enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment study took part. Language ability was directly assessed at 3 and 5 years…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Disabilities
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