ERIC Number: EJ1173678
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
A Test of Two Alternative Cognitive Processing Models: Learning Styles and Dual Coding
Cuevas, Joshua; Dawson, Bryan L.
Theory and Research in Education, v16 n1 p40-64 Mar 2018
This study tested two cognitive models, learning styles and dual coding, which make contradictory predictions about how learners process and retain visual and auditory information. Learning styles-based instructional practices are common in educational environments despite a questionable research base, while the use of dual coding is less ubiquitous, and thus measured examination of the two methods has implications for practical application. The study involved 204 university students who were surveyed on their preferred learning style and then presented with information that they were prompted to process via either imagery or linguistic means. The results showed there was no significant interaction effect between learning style and condition, suggesting the most basic prediction of the learning styles hypothesis should be rejected. In a regression analysis, none of the four learning styles (visual, auditory, read/write, or kinesthetic) predicted students' retention of the material. However, there was a highly significant main effect of condition with those in the visual condition retaining twice as much information as those in the auditory condition regardless of learning style, a result that strongly supports dual coding theory. Implications of the findings would suggest that learning styles instruction is an ineffective method for teachers to employ, and that, instead, incorporating principles of dual coding would have a much greater benefit to student learning.
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Models, Comparative Analysis, College Students, Preferences, Student Surveys, Predictor Variables, Hypothesis Testing, Regression (Statistics), Visual Learning, Aural Learning, Reading, Writing (Composition), Kinesthetic Perception, Retention (Psychology), Learning Modalities, Memory, Coding, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Learning Style Inventory