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Banerjee, Neena – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2018
The United States is facing culture gaps between students and teachers in schools. Although the U.S. school-age population is racially, culturally, and linguistically diverse, the teachers are predominantly White. This article investigates whether assignment to same-race teachers affects students' math and reading achievement growth in early…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Minority Group Students, Diversity (Faculty), Racial Factors
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Morrissey, Taryn W.; Vinopal, Katie – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Neighborhoods provide resources that may affect children's achievement or moderate the influences of other developmental contexts, such as early care and education (ECE). Using a sample (N ˜ 12,430) from the 2010-2011 Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort, merged with census tract-level poverty data from the 2008-2012 American…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten
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Mulligan, Gail M.; McCaroll, Jill Carlivati; Flanagan, Kristin Denton; Potter, Daniel – National Center for Education Statistics, 2018
This report is intended to provide a snapshot of the children in the ECLS-K:2011 cohort who were in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010-11 school year and in fourth grade 4 years later during the spring of 2015. About 88 percent of children enrolled in kindergarten in 2010-11 were in kindergarten for the first time that school year and…
Descriptors: Children, Surveys, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 4
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Jamil, Faiza M.; Larsen, Ross A.; Hamre, Bridget K. – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2018
The current study uses a large, nationally representative data set and a new method for computing teacher expectations to better understand the developmental effect of mathematics teacher expectations on future student achievement. The study utilizes autoregressive cross-lagged models with 5 time points between kindergarten and 8th grade as well…
Descriptors: Teacher Expectations of Students, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Longitudinal Studies
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Little, Michael H. – Early Education and Development, 2018
Responding to a robust body of literature suggesting that children's early educational experiences are critical, policymakers have implemented and expanded the provision of full-day kindergarten (FDK) in recent decades. Most studies have focused on the effectiveness of FDK on child academic assessments or test scores, but none have examined FDK…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Schedules, Disabilities, Executive Function
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Baker, Claire E. – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
The present study used a large sample of mostly non-resident fathers (74%) to determine whether father-school involvement (e.g. attending parent-teacher conferences) predicted better academic and social emotional skills after controlling for the influence of mother-school involvement, the quality of children's home learning environment, and…
Descriptors: Fathers, Parent School Relationship, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement
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Redford, Jeremy; Burns, Stephanie; Hall, L. Jane – National Center for Education Statistics, 2018
This Statistics in Brief investigates some factors that may contribute to achievement gaps in the summer after kindergarten, including differences in children's experiences, such as participation in summer care arrangements, programs, and activities. Specifically, the brief describes students' summer nonparental care arrangements, program…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Student Characteristics
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Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Wall, Shavaun M.; Peterson, Carla A.; Luze, Gayle J.; Swanson, Mark E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Early indicators of academic risk were used to predict the academic skills, socioemotional functioning, and receipt of special education services at age 10 among children from low-income families who participated in the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project. Pairwise comparison of academic skills and socioemotional functioning among…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Predictor Variables, Academic Ability, Social Development
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over the past 20 years, the number of teacher's aides in the United States has more than doubled, potentially in response to the growth of special education programs now taking place in general education schools. Surprisingly, little research at all has focused on the role that teacher's aides may play in improving student achievement, and no…
Descriptors: Teacher Aides, Disabilities, Kindergarten, Role
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Lee, RaeHyuck; Han, Wen-Jui; Waldfogel, Jane; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2018
We examined the associations between preschool attendance and academic school readiness at kindergarten entry among 5-year-old children of immigrant mothers in the United States using data from a US nationally representative sample (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, N = 1650). Comparing children who were in preschool (Head Start,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Attendance, School Readiness, Immigrants
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Walters, Glenn D. – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
As research on mediation has grown, so too has interest in identifying ways to assess the size of indirect effects in a mediation analysis. One such estimate -- the ratio of the indirect effect to the total effect (P[subscript M]) -- was tested in a sample of 21,297 children from the Early Childhood Developmental Study. Results showed that the two…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Computation, Statistical Analysis, Predictor Variables
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Baker, Claire E. – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2018
This study used a family-centered ecological lens to examine predictive relations among fathers' and mothers' language acculturation, parenting practices, and academic readiness in a large sample of Mexican American children in preschool (N = 880). In line with prior early childhood research, parent language acculturation was operationalized as…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Acculturation, Parenting Styles
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Park, Sira; Holloway, Susan D. – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
Policymakers view parental involvement (PI) as a crucial component of school reform efforts, but evidence of its effect on student achievement is equivocal. Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort dataset, we examined the long-term impact on student- and school-level achievement of three types of school-based PI: PI to…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Parent Participation, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Reading Achievement
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Ferretti, Larissa K.; Bub, Kristen L. – Early Education and Development, 2017
Research Findings: Using data from 3,250 participants in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort, we used structural equation modeling to investigate whether family routines (e.g., bedtime routine, reading routine) established in preschool predict children's school readiness (i.e., academic skills, social-emotional skills, and…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Readiness, Family Environment, Structural Equation Models
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