ERIC Number: EJ1170833
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Self-Compassion and Suicidal Behavior in College Students: Serial Indirect Effects via Depression and Wellness Behaviors
Kelliher Rabon, Jessica; Sirois, Fuschia M.; Hirsch, Jameson K.
Journal of American College Health, v66 n2 p114-122 2018
Objective: College students may be at heightened risk for suicide and suicidal behavior due to maladaptive cognitive-emotional factors and failure to practice basic health behaviors. However, self-compassion and wellness behaviors may protect against risk. The relation between self-compassion and suicidal behavior and the contributing roles of depressive symptoms and wellness behaviors was examined. Participants: Participants were 365 undergraduate students. Data were collected in April 2015. Methods: A cross-sectional, survey design was employed. Participants completed measures assessing self-compassion, depressive symptoms, wellness behaviors, and suicidal behavior. Serial mediation analyses were conducted covarying age, sex, and ethnicity. Results: Self-compassion was inversely related to suicidal behavior, and this relationship was serially mediated by depressive symptoms and wellness behaviors. Conclusions: Self-compassion may protect against suicidal behavior, in part, due to reduced depressive symptoms and heightened engagement in wellness behaviors. Individual and campus-wide strategies promoting self-compassion and wellness behaviors may reduce suicide risk on college campuses.
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Suicide, Self Destructive Behavior, Emotional Response, Cognitive Processes, Health Behavior, Self Concept, Wellness, Resilience (Psychology), Altruism, Undergraduate Students, Depression (Psychology), Student Surveys, Age Differences, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Correlation, Measures (Individuals), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Questionnaires, Likert Scales, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale