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Showing 1 to 15 of 106 results Save | Export
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Xu, Yun; Yang, Jian; Yao, Jing; Chen, Jun; Zhuang, Xiangxiang; Wang, Wenxiang; Zhang, Xiaoli; Lee, Gabrielle T. – Journal of Early Intervention, 2018
The purpose of this study was to pilot test the effects of a culturally adapted early intervention influenced by the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) on reduction of autism symptoms and severity categorization for young children with autism spectrum disorders in China. Participants were randomly assigned to either the control or intervention…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Pilot Projects, Early Intervention, Young Children
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Hochstein, Lara; Bale, Alan; Barner, David – Language Learning and Development, 2018
We investigated "scalar implicature" in adolescents and children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to test whether theory of mind deficits associated with autism affect pragmatic inferences in language. We tested scalar implicature computation in adolescents with ASD (12-18 years) and asked whether they reason about mental states when…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Language Usage
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Bhat, Anjana N.; Srinivasan, Sudha M.; Woxholdt, Colleen; Shield, Aaron – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Children with autism spectrum disorder present with a variety of social communication deficits such as atypicalities in social gaze and verbal and non-verbal communication delays as well as perceptuo-motor deficits like motor incoordination and dyspraxia. In this study, we had the unique opportunity to study praxis performance in deaf children…
Descriptors: Deafness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Severity (of Disability)
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Sacrey, Lori-Ann R.; Bryson, Susan; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Brian, Jessica; Smith, Isabel M.; Roberts, Wendy; Szatmari, Peter; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Roncadin, Caroline; Garon, Nancy – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
This study examined whether a novel parent-report questionnaire, the Autism Parent Screen for Infants, could differentiate infants subsequently diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder from a high-risk cohort (siblings of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (n = 66)) from high-risk and low-risk comparison infants (no family history of…
Descriptors: Autism, Infants, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
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Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Nakahachi, Takayuki; Stickley, Andrew; Ishitobi, Makoto; Kamio, Yoko – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The objective of this study was to investigate relationships between caregiver-reported sensory processing abnormalities, and the physiological index of auditory over-responsiveness evaluated using acoustic startle response measures, in children with autism spectrum disorders and typical development. Mean acoustic startle response magnitudes in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Acoustics
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Ring, Melanie; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Altgassen, Mareike; Barr, Peter; Bowler, Dermot M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present difficulties in forming relations among items and context. This capacity for relational binding is also involved in spatial navigation and research on this topic in ASD is scarce and inconclusive. Using a computerised version of the Morris Water Maze task, ASD participants showed particular…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Short Term Memory, Adults, Autism
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Nilsson Jobs, Elisabeth; Falck-Ytter, Terje; Bölte, Sven – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Research on visual local and global perception in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is incomplete in young children. We investigated 35 three-year-old siblings of children with ASD, either diagnosed (n = 12) or not diagnosed (n = 23) with ASD as well as 14 controls with typical development and with no family history of ASD. Data from the local tasks…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Young Children, Siblings
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Van der Hallen, Ruth; Chamberlain, Rebecca; de-Wit, Lee; Wagemans, Johan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Since its initial development, the embedded figures test (EFT) has been used extensively to measure local-global perceptual style. However, little is known about the perceptual factors that influence target detection. The current study aimed to investigate "disembedding" in children with and without ASD, aged 8-15 years, using the newly…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Control Groups
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Bussu, G.; Jones, E. J. H.; Charman, T.; Johnson, M. H.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Baron-Cohen, S.; Bedford, R.; Bolton, P.; Blasi, A.; Chandler, S.; Cheung, C.; Davies, K.; Elsabbagh, M.; Fernandes, J.; Gammer, I.; Garwood, H.; Gliga, T.; Guiraud, J.; Hudry, K.; Liew, M.; Lloyd-Fox, S.; Maris, H.; O'Hara, L.; Pasco, G.; Pickles, A.; Ribeiro, H.; Salomone, E.; Tucker, L.; Volein, A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
We integrated multiple behavioural and developmental measures from multiple time-points using machine learning to improve early prediction of individual Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) outcome. We examined Mullen Scales of Early Learning, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, and early ASD symptoms between 8 and 36 months in high-risk siblings (HR; n…
Descriptors: Prediction, Autism, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Classification
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Eijk, S.; Mous, S. E.; Dieleman, G. C.; Dierckx, B.; Rietman, A. B.; de Nijs, P. F. A.; ten Hoopen, L. W.; van Minkelen, R.; Elgersma, Y.; Catsman-Berrevoets, C. E.; Oostenbrink, R.; Legerstee, J. S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
In a non-selected sample of children with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) the prevalence rate of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and predictive value of an observational (ADOS)--and questionnaire-based screening instrument were assessed. Complete data was available for 128 children. The prevalence rate for clinical ASD was 10.9%, which is clearly…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Neurological Impairments
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Tillmann, J.; Ashwood, K.; Absoud, M.; Bölte, S.; Bonnet-Brilhault, F.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Calderoni, S.; Calvo, R.; Canal-Bedia, R.; Canitano, R.; De Bildt, A.; Gomot, M.; Hoekstra, P. J.; Kaale, A.; McConachie, H.; Murphy, D. G.; Narzisi, A.; Oosterling, I.; Pejovic-Milovancevic, M.; Persico, A. M.; Puig, O.; Roeyers, H.; Rommelse, N.; Sacco, R.; Scandurra, V.; Stanfield, A. C.; Zander, E.; Charman, T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Research on sex-related differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been impeded by small samples. We pooled 28 datasets from 18 sites across nine European countries to examine sex differences in the ASD phenotype on the ADI-R (376 females, 1763 males) and ADOS (233 females, 1187 males). On the ADI-R, early childhood restricted and…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Age Differences, Diagnostic Tests, Observation
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Bitsika, Vicki; Sharpley, Christopher F. – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2018
The validity, reliability and factor structure of the Autism Spectrum Disorder Behaviour Checklist-Revised (ASDBC-R) were measured in a sample of 140 boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) aged between 6 and 18 years. Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) was satisfactory and the ASDBC-R significantly correlated with the Social Responsiveness…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Intervention, Planning, Test Validity
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Hartley, Calum; Fisher, Sophie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This study investigated whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing children matched on receptive language share resources fairly and reciprocally. Children completed age-appropriate versions of the Ultimatum and Dictator Games with real stickers and an interactive partner. Both groups offered similar numbers of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Social Development
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Vella, Lydia; Ring, Howard A.; Aitken, Mike R. F.; Watson, Peter C.; Presland, Alexander; Clare, Isabel C. H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Autobiographical accounts and a limited research literature suggest that adults with autism spectrum disorders can experience difficulties with decision-making. We examined whether some of the difficulties they describe correspond to quantifiable differences in decision-making when compared to adults in the general population. The participants (38…
Descriptors: Decision Making Skills, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults
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Constable, Paul A.; Ring, Melanie; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Bowler, Dermot M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The Vygotsky Blocks Test assesses problem-solving styles within a theoretical framework for the development of higher mental processes devised by Vygotsky. Because both the theory and the associated test situate cognitive development within the child's social and linguistic context, they address conceptual issues around the developmental relation…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Cognitive Ability, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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