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de Brey, Cristobal; Snyder, Thomas D.; Zhang, Anlan; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2021
The 2019 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 55th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The purpose of the "Digest" is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of American education from prekindergarten through graduate school. It contains data on a variety of…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Postsecondary Education, Federal Aid, Educational Finance
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Trisnowati, Heni; Ismail, Djauhar; Padmawati, Retna Siwi; Utarini, Adi – Health Education, 2021
Purpose: There is limited research examining community-based youth empowerment that addresses smoking prevention in the rural Indonesian context. This paper describes participatory action research (PAR) applied to develop a framework for empowering youth aged 17-25 years toward smoking prevention. This research conducted in the Indonesian rural…
Descriptors: Prevention, Rural Areas, Smoking, Action Research
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Ma, Zexin; Nan, Xiaoli; Iles, Irina A.; Butler, James; Feldman, Robert; Wang, Min Qi – Health Education, 2021
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of self-affirmation on African American smokers' intentions to quit smoking sooner and desire to stop smoking altogether in response to viewing graphic cigarette warning labels. It also tested the mediating role of perceived susceptibility and self-efficacy in explaining the impact of…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Visual Aids, Merchandise Information, Smoking
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Mehay, Anita; Meek, Rosie; Ogden, Jane – Health Education, 2021
Purpose: Prisons offer a public health opportunity to access a group with multiple and complex needs and return them to the community with improved health. However, prisons are not conducive to optimal health and there are few frameworks to guide efforts. This study aims to generate insights into health literacy across a young adult prison…
Descriptors: Males, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Public Health
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Shin, YoungJu; Johnson, Nicole L. – Health Education, 2021
Purpose: To reduce the smoking rates and alleviate societal problems associated with smoking, health administrators and policy makers have attempted to promote and implement statewide smoking free policy. The present study examined how adults' awareness of and attitude toward the smoke-free air law, their perceived risks of secondhand smoke and…
Descriptors: State Legislation, Smoking, Public Health, Social Problems
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Chudech, Surapong; Janmaimool, Piyapong – Health Education, 2021
Purpose: This study aims to investigate university students' knowledge about and attitudes toward e-cigarette (EC) use. It will also examine whether students' EC use is associated with knowledge about and attitudes toward EC use. The study also aims to analyze the determinants of students' use of ECs. The effects of gender, smoking behavior and…
Descriptors: College Students, Knowledge Level, Student Attitudes, Smoking
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Baer, Caroline M.; Khoussine, Michaela A.; Dobbs, Page D. – Health Education Journal, 2021
Objectives: In an attempt to reduce tobacco use among adolescents in the USA, some health educators have created school-based tobacco education programmes. However, none currently exist for middle and high school educators. The current study sought to determine if middle and high school educators' knowledge about combustible cigarettes and…
Descriptors: Smoking, Prevention, Health Education, Middle School Teachers
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Trisnowati, Heni; Ismail, Djauhar; Padmawati, Retna Siwi – Health Education, 2021
Purpose: This paper aimed to review globally the empowerment programs for the prevention and control of smoking behavior among youths, to examine the role of empowerment in health promotion, to explore the stages of health promotion through community empowerment strategies including planning, implementation and evaluation. Finally, this paper will…
Descriptors: Health Promotion, Student Empowerment, Smoking, Health Behavior
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Ariail, Donald L.; Quosigk, Benedikt L. – Georgia Journal of College Student Affairs, 2021
The University System of Georgia (USG) has a state-wide initiative aimed at increasing the well-being of faculty and staff by incentivizing a decrease in tobacco product usage by employees covered by a USG healthcare plan. This incentive is positive in that aid in stopping tobacco product usage is offered to each member; and negative in that each…
Descriptors: Well Being, Health Promotion, Incentives, Smoking
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Bradshaw, Matt; Kent, Blake Victor; Davidson, James Clark; De Leon, Stacy – Youth & Society, 2021
This study examines the independent, relative, and additive associations between both parent and peer role models and longitudinal patterns of smoking across adolescence and early adulthood. An analysis of data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 10,166) reveals at least four distinct trajectories of smoking…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Adolescents, Young Adults, Smoking
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Smith, Jodie; Levickis, Penny; Neilson, Roslyn; Mensah, Fiona; Goldfeld, Sharon; Bryson, Hannah – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2021
Background: Early reading success is predicated on language and pre-literacy skills. Children who are behind their peers in language and pre-literacy development before formal schooling are less likely to be proficient beginner readers, and difficulties may persist throughout primary school and beyond. We know children experiencing adversity are…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Literacy, At Risk Persons
Johnston, Lloyd D.; Miech, Richard A.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Bachman, Jerald G.; Schulenberg, John E.; Patrick, Megan E. – Institute for Social Research, 2021
Monitoring the Future (MTF) is a long-term study of substance use and related factors among U.S. adolescents, college students, and adult high school graduates through age 60. It is conducted annually and supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. MTF findings identify emerging substance use problems, track substance use trends, publish…
Descriptors: National Surveys, Drug Use, College Students, High School Graduates
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Abar, Caitlin C.; Farnett, Sarah; Mendola, Kayla; Sarra, Sharon; Clark, Gabrielle – Journal of American College Health, 2021
Objective: This study developed and tested new measures of youth perceptions of parental active efforts to track their activities during adolescence and college. Participants and Methods: Between March and October 2016, a sample of 314 college students aged 18-25 completed a survey including their perceptions of their parent's active tracking…
Descriptors: Health Behavior, Parent Child Relationship, Disclosure, Parenting Styles
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Calderon, Raul, Jr.; Pupanead, Suporntip; Prachakul, Wimonmas; Kim, GunDo – Journal of American College Health, 2021
Objective: Describe and compare levels of happiness, psychological well-being, perceived stress, and health behaviors of university students. Participants: Thai university students were selected (N = 478) during November 2016 using random cluster sampling. Methods: A health and well-being questionnaire was constructed, translated from English to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychological Patterns, Well Being, Stress Variables
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Weir, Elizabeth; Allison, Carrie; Warrier, Varun; Baron-Cohen, Simon – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Autistic individuals may be at risk of premature mortality, and physical health comorbidity increases this risk; however, most studies fail to include older autistic adults or consider lifestyle-related factors that affect health. We developed an anonymous, online physical health survey. The final sample included n = 2368 individuals (mean age =…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, At Risk Persons
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